Rules for changing Active Voice into Passive Voice 1. Only transitive verbs can be changed into passive Voice. 2. Keep the object of the active voice sentence as subject of the passive voice. 3. Use the helping verb (be form) according to the number and person of the passive subject. 4. Use different forms of the verb ‘Be’ – is, are, am, was, were, been, being and past participle of the given verb. 5. Keep the subject of the active voice sentence as an (object) agent in passive sentence using a by-phrase. If it is necessary to mention the doer or the agent we must use by + agent at the end of the clause. . Often by-phrase will be left out in order to hide the identity of the agent or if the agent is unknown or perhaps it is quite clear even without mentioning it. Examples: 1)A business man was murdered (by unknown) 2)He was arrested (by the police) 3)A robbery was done in the city (by the thieves) 4)Heavy rains are expected (by the people) 5)Law rules are enforced (by the government) 6)Criminals will be punished (by the court) 7)Tea is largely cultivated in India (by the farmers) 8)Honest must be practiced (by us) 9)Every good action will be awarded(by God) 0)Punctuality must be kept up in offices(by the employees) 11)Smoking is prohibited in trains and buses (by the authorities) Interrogative Sentences Simple Present Tense Active VoicePassive Voice 1. Does she sell fruits? Are Fruits sold by her? 2. Do you know Suresh? Is Suresh known by you? 3. Do you know my friendsAre my friends known to you? 4. Does she know meAm I known to her? Present Continuous 1. Is he driving the car? Is the car being driven by him? 2. Are the children writing a test? Is a test being written by the children? Present Perfect 1. Have you enjoyed the film?
Has the film been enjoyed by you? 2. Has she written the papers? Have the papers been written by her? 3. Who has taken the books? By whom have the books been taken? Simple Past 1. Did he bring the book? Was the book brought by him? 2. Did she sing the songs? Were the songs sung by her? 3. Did a boy hit me? Was I hit by a boy? Past Continuous 1. Was Kamala Selling Flowers? Were flowers being sold by Kamala? 2. Were the boys telling a lie? Was a lie being told by the boys? 3. Was she reading stories? Were stories being read by her? Past Perfect 1. Had the baby eaten all biscuits?
Had all biscuits been eaten by the baby? 2. Who had written these letters? By whom had these letters been written? 3. Had he bought a car? Had a car been bought by him? Simple Future 1. Will he sell his car? Will his car be sold by him? 2. Who will help us? By whom shall we be helped? 3. Where will they play the match? Where will the match be played by them? Future Perfect 1. Will she have written a letter? Will a letter have been written by Usha? 2. Will he have helped the poor? Will the poor have been helped by him? 3. Will our H. M. have awarded the prizes? Will the prizes have been awarded by our H.
M. Passive – with Two Objects If a sentence has two objects i. e. direct object and indirect object. We will have passive forms in two ways. 1. She told me a storya) I was told a story by her IndirectDirectb) A story was told me by her ObjectObject 2. He gave me a booka) I was given a book by him b) I book was given me by him 3. Vinod teaches us grammar. a) We are taught grammar by Vinod. b) Grammar is taught us by Vinod 4. The policeman asked him many questions a) He was asked many questions by the policeman. b) Many questions were asked to him by the policeman. With Auxiliary Verbs
When we change sentence which have auxiliary verbs into the passive, we add ‘be’ to the auxiliary verb and we change the main verb into past participle. 1. I can do this projectThis project can be done by me. 2. He should do this workThis work should be done by him. With Imperative Sentences 1. Do it Let it be done 2. Pay the bill. Let the bill be paid 3. Throw this out. Let this be thrown out. 4. Let us finalize this deal. Let this deal be finalized by us 5. Don’t stop him. Let him not be stopped 6. Please wait for me. You are requested to wait for me. 7. Please don’t come late. You are requested not to come late 8.
Work hard. You are advised to work hard. EXERCISE 1. Let him read the question before answering it. (A. V) Let the question be read (by him) before it is being answered (P. V) 2. The recollection of the pleasant and unpleasant nourishes desire. (A. V) The Desire is nourished by the recollection of the pleasant and pleasant. (P. V). 3. All desire wealth and some acquire it. (A. V) Wealth is desired by all and it is acquired by some (P. V) 4. Many have lost their lives in the war (A. V) Their (Many People’s) lives have been lost in the war (P. V) 5. Arun Hopes that he will regain his place in the Indian team. (A.
V) It is hoped by Arun that his place will be regained by him in the Indian team (P. V) 6. Gopal said that he would visit his native village this summer. (A. V) It was said by Gopal that his native village would be visited this summer by him(P. V) 7. Read the novels of Graham Green carefully. (A. V) Let the novels of Graham Green be read carefully (by you) (P. V) 8. Stop that nonsense (A. V) Let the nonsense be stopped (by you) (P. V) 9. When did you hear the news of his arrival. (A. V) When was the news of his arrival heard (by you) (P. V) 10. They laughed at the old man. (A. V) The old man was laughed at by them. (P. V)