Sands Science

Term Definition
cell the smallest unit of an organism that performs life functions
nucleus a structure found in eukaryotic cells that contain DNA and is responsible for controlling the activities of the cell
eukaryotic a cell containing a membrane-enclosed nucleus and organelles
prokaryotic a cell lacking a nucleus or any other membrane-enclosed organelles
unicellular an organism made up of 1 single cell
multicellular an organism made up of more than 1 cell,and often made up of different types of cells
classification the process of grouping things based on similarities
taxonomy the branch of science that formally names and classifies organisms by their structure function and relationship
domain the highest and largest rank of grouping organisms Three groups:Archaea,Bacteria,Eukarya
Domain
Bacteria
prokarotic single-celled organism that lacks a nucleus in it's cell
Domain
Archaea
prokarotic single-celled organism that lacks a nucleus in it's cell and can live in EXTREME enviorments
Domain
Eukarya
organisms with cells that contain a nucleus
kingdom a taxonomic rank below domain 6 groups animalia fungi plantae protista archaea and eubacteria
autotroph an organism that can make it's own food
heterotroph an organism that CANNOT make it's own food it is a consumer in the food chain
asexual reproduction that needs only 1 parent
sexual reproduction that needs 2 parents
cell theory states that all living organisms are made of 1 or more cells cells are the basic unit of life and all cells come from other cells
kingdom
Archeabacteria
unicellular asexual auto and heterotroph prokaryotic organism that can live in EXTREME enviroments
kingdom
Eubacteria
unicellular asexual auto heterotroph prokaryotic organism that live in moderate enviroments
kingdom
Protista
uni and multicelluler sexual or asexual auto and heterotroph eukaryotic organism that are mircoscophic
kingdom
Fungi
uni and multicellular sexual or asexual heterotroph eukaryoticorganism that is a decomposer in the food chain
kingdom
Plantae
multicellular sexual or asexual autotrophs eukaryotic organismthat is a producer in the food chain
kingdom
Animilia
multicellular sexual and asexual heterotrophs eukaryotic organisms that is a consumer in the food chain
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