Question Answer
Is used to group and name all living organisms Classification System
These consist of types A, B, AB, and O Blood Types
Creatures that are too small to be seen with the Human eye Microbs
Also known as Hanson's disease; affects the nervous system Leprosy
The idea that all living things are made of cells that can reproduce Cell Theory
Single-Celled organisms that have a nucleus (eukaryotic) Protists
Bacteria that are not killed by antibiotics and continue to reproduce Resistant
Means to isolate a person to prevent a disease from spreading Quarantine
A medicine used to treat diseases caused by bacteria Antibiotic
People who have a germ that cause a disease but do not show the disease Carriers
Is used to prevent people from getting viral illnesses Vaccine
Microbe that is not living, but can live inside another cell and reproduce Viruses
The body's defense against disease or any foreign substance Immune System
A breakdown in the structure or function in a living organism Disease
A scientist who traces the spread of a disease through a population Epidemiologist
New disease that have not been observed before Emerging Diseases
A bacterial disease that was carried by rats and spread by fleas Bubonic Plague
An organism (not a person) that spreads a disease without getting the disease Vector
Singled-Celled organisms that do not have a nucleus (prokaryotic) Bacteria
A disease that can be passed from one person to another Infectuous
Tiny structures inside cells that do certain jobs Organells
Said that all plants are made up of cells Schleiden
Said that cells arise from other living cells Virchow
Said that washing hands could prevent spread of childbed fever Semmelweiss
The idea that diseases were caused by microbes that could be spread Germ Theory of Disease
This separates the cell from its environment and controls what enters and leaves Cell Membrane
Was the first person to see cells in cork under a microscope and named them cells Robert Hooke
The jelly-like material that fills the inside of cells Cytoplasm
Discovered that heating could kill microbes in food; gave us the Germ Theory Louis Pasteur
Said that all animals are made of cells Schwann
Identified the microbe could cause Anthrax Robert Koch
These absorb light for photosynthesis in plant cells Chloroplasts
Organelles that produce energy in the cell Mitochondria
A nurse who suggested that cleanliness would prevent spread of disease F. Nightingale
The control center of the cell that contains the genetic material Nucleus
Used chemicals to clean surgical instruments to prevent disease J. Lister
Was the first person to observe and record microbes Leeuwenhoek
First person to wear rubber gloves in surgery to prevent disease spread W. Halsted

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