science as inquiry part 1 and 2

definition term
the investigation and exploration of natural events and of the new information that results from those investigations science
a way to investigate what is happening around you science
what do scientists do observe, investigate, and experiment to find answers
ask questions
use clues
use prior knowledge
use technology
what are the science process skills (8 total) -observing
-inferring and predicting
-control variables
-representing data
using one or more of your senses to gather information and take note of what occurs. WHAT you learn through your senses observation
a logical explanation of an observation that is drawn from prior knowledge or experience. Also a guess to explain the past or present- ex. the puddle on the floor came from a melted ice cube (but you never saw the ice) inference
what is the difference between an observation and an inference Observation-fact, what you learned through your senses
Inference-guess, how you explained what you observed
a statement of what will happen next in a sequence of events. it is a guess to explain the future. ex. I think it will rain next week prediction
what is the difference between and inference and a prediction? an inference is about the past or present. a prediction is about the future
placing objects or events into group based on common characteristics classifying
to determine length, area, volume, mass or temperature to describe and quantify objects or to assign a value to something or describe as a measurement of quantity or quality measuring
a type of measurement giving a numerical value ex. 5 inches quantity
a measurement of condition or comparison ex. the leaves of this plant are a darker green quality
describing an event or an object to another person. scientist us new information in their research or perform other scientists' investigations to verify results. this can be verbal, graphic, written, electronic, etc… communicate
studying how attributes (outcomes, characteristics) vary by manipulating (changing) variables and managing conditions during an experiment and changing others. Ex. watering all plants the same, but giving only half the plants plant food controlling variables
organizing measurements to make your information easier to use and interpret representing data
putting all of the process skills together in one activity experimenting
the practical use of scientific knowledge, especially for industrial or commercial use technology
an explanation of observations or events based on knowledge gained from many observations and investigations. these are accepted until proven wrong scientific theory
describes a pattern or an event in nature that is always true. these are proven facts!! scientific laws
comparing what you already know with the information you are given in order to decide whether you agree with it critical thinking
_____________________, also called _______________________, is a process where the scientists performing the research influence the results, in order to portray a certain outcome research bias, experimenter bias
what are the steps of the scientific method in order 1. purpose- question 2. research 3. hypothesis 4. experiment 5. analyze data 6. conclusion
the ___________ is what you want to learn or where you state the problem. Should be written as a question. purpose
____________ is finding out as much about the topic as you can. (Read information related to Purpose/Problem) research
the __________ predicts the answer to the problem (educated guess). Should be written as an If……. ( I do this),…….. then…… (this will happen)…….. statement hypothesis
the ______________ is where you design and conduct a test to confirm or disprove your hypothesis (materials will be included here). Use DETAILED STEP BY STEP instructions. experiment
____________ data is gathered using your senses qualitative
____________ data is always reported as a number quantitative
in the ______________ record what happened during the experiment. this is shown in lists, graphs, charts, etc…. gather enough information to get averages analysis
_______________ address what happened — Was your hypothesis correct? (use all data to determine this). Always refer to hypothesis and state data in your _________________. Both blanks are conclusion
the _____________ is defined as the group in an experiment or study that does not receive treatment by the researchers and is then used as a benchmark to measure how the other tested subjects do. Sometimes they may "think" they are a part of a test group control group
what are the 3 types of variables -dependent
the ___________________ is the variable/factor that is changed in an experiment. independent variable
the __________________ is the variable/factor being measured in an experiment dependent variable
the _________________ are variables/factors/ that stay the same constant variables
the thing you change to test the hypothesis-the scientist does it on purpose independent variable
it is what you are recording for the analysis and you depend on it to answer the question dependent variable
all things are kept the same in each test group constant variable

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