Science Oceans

Question Answer
Surface Current A horizontal movement of ocean water that is caused by wind, and that occurs at or near the oceans surface.
Deep Current A stream-like movement of ocean water far below the surface.
Trade Winds Global winds between 0 degrees and 30 degrees latitude.
Westerlies Global winds between 30 degrees and 60 degrees latitude.
Coriolis Effect The curving of the path of a moving object from an otherwise straight path due to Earth's rotation.
Gyre A huge circle of moving ocean water found above and below the equator.
Sargasso Sea A vast area of calm, warm water in the middle of the North Atlantic Gyre. Named after Sargassum, a type of seaweed that floats on the water.
Antarctic Circumpolar Current Worlds largest current, also called the West Wind Drift. Cold current; surface current
Equatorial Countercurrent Weak, eastward – flowing current that runs int he opposite direction of the equatorial currents. Warm current; surface current
Gulf Stream Fast moving, warm surface current that flows up along the East Coast of the US
North Atlantic Current Follows from the Gulf Stream. Warm surface current.
Antarctic Bottom Water Cold, deep current. Slow moving. Moves northward along the bottom of the ocean from Antarctica.

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