Science Taxonomic groups vocabulary

Question Answer
cell the smallest unit of an organism that performs life functions
nucleus a structure found in eukaryotic cells that contain DNA and is responsible for controlling the activities of the cell
Eukaryotic a cell containing a membrane enclosed organelles
prokaryotic a cell lacking a nucleus or any other membrane enclose organelles
unicellular an organism made up of one single cell
multicellular an organism made up of more than one cell, often different types of cells
classification the process of grouping things based on similarities
taxonomy the branch of science that formally names and classifies organisms by their structure function and relationship
Domain the highest and largest rank of grouping organisms
Three Groups: Archaea, Bacteria, Eukarya
Domain Bacteria prokaryotic, single celled organism that lacks a nucleus in it's cell.
Domain Archaea prokaryotic, single celled organism that lacks a nucleus in its cell and can live in extreme envirements
Domain Eukarya organisms with cells that contain a nucleus
Kingdom a taxonomic rank below Domain 6 groups: Animalia, Fungi, Plantae, Protista, Archea, and Eubacteria
autotroph an organism that is able to make its own food
heterotroph an organism that cannot make its own food
asexual reproduction a method of reproduction that requires only one parent
sexual reproduction a method of reproduction that requires both male and female parent. 50% and 50%
cell theory states that all living organisms are made up of one or more cells: tells basic unit of life
Kingdom Archeabacteria unicellular,asexual, auto and heterotroph, prokarotic organism that that live in extreme environments.
Kingdom Eubacteria unicellular, asexual, auto and heterotroph, prokaryotic organism that lives in moderate environments.
Kingdom Protista uni and multi cellular sexual or asexual,auto and heterotrophic, eukaryotic, organism that are microscopic
Kingdom Plantae multi cellular sexual or asexual,autotrophs, eukaryotic organism known as producer in the food chain.
Kingdom Animilia multicellular,sexual and asexual, heterotrophs, eukaryotic organism known as consumers in the food chain.

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