Scientific method vocabulary

Question Answer
Classifying Putting things into groups based on similar characteristics
Estimating Making an intelligent guess about a quantity when an exact measurement is not possible
Analyzing Looking for patterns and relationships in data gathered from experiments
Inferring Making a conclusion about something without direct observation
Experiment Scientific method step that is a test of a hypothesis
Problem or Question The first step in the scientific method
Research or Gather Information Scientific method step after you identify a problem
Conclusion Scientific method step that happens after you analyze your results
Analyze the Results Scientific method step that happens after the experiment
Hypothesis A possible answer to a scientific question or explanation for a set of observations
Variable Factor that can change in an experiment
Experimental Group A group experimented on by changing one variable
Control Group A group in an experiment with the variable unchanged that is used for comparison
Controlled Experiment Tests only one factor at a time, using a control group and experimental group
Data The facts, figures, and other evidence gathered through observations
Quantitative Observations Observations that are numerical measurements
Manipulated or Independent Variable The variable that is purposely changed
Qualitative Observations Observations that are descriptions not involving numbers or measurements
Responding or Dependent Variable The variable that is expected to change due to the manipulated (independent) variable
Observing Looking closely with all five of your senses to gather information
Science A process of discovering about the world around you and solving problems
Describing Writing (or telling) in detail about what you observe
Identifying Determining the name of something
Calculating Performing a mathematical process to solve a problem
Evaluating Judging the value, importance, or quality of something
Scientific Method A series of steps used to solve problems
Experiment An organized way of collecting facts or data, usually involving the study of two groups
Hypothesis Researching helps you to form this
Communicate Results The last step of the scientific method, share results with other scientists using a lab report journal or oral presentation.

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