Scientific Terms Quiz Sept 2016

Question Answer
What is Life Science? The study of living things(biology) Only make OBSERVATIONS in science.
Ask a question You could ask a question for every living thing, or organism that has lived.
life scientists find answers: Who are they? They are physicians, botanists(study plants), zoologist, microbiologists, science teachers, environmentalists.
life scientists find answers: Where do they work? Labs, farms, forest, ocean floors space, hospitals, government agencies.
Why do scientists study life? Combating disease. Scientists study life of viruses: polio, aids, tuberculosis and bacteria that cause disease to search for ways to fight them.
Why do scientists study life? Inherited Disease Scientists study genes and heredity to learn more about inherited diseases such as cystic fibrosis
Why do scientists study life? Protecting the environment Scientists study the environment and organisms habitats to help protect the world for us an all other living things.
What is the Scientific Method? A series of steps that scientists use to answer a question or solve a problem.
1. Ask: Ask a question By making observations, many questions can arise.
What is an observation? It is something you can see, hear, smell, taste or feel.
What is an inference? It is something that you think might be true based on the observations. Only make OBSERVATIONS in science.
Only make _______________ in scince? OBSERVATIONS
2. Hypothesis: What is a Hypothesis? An educated guess about the outcome in a controlled study. A possible explanation or answer to the question.
A Hypothesis must be___________ Testable. A Hypothesis must be Testable.
Hypotheses are stated in the following way? "If" "then" format. example: If you throw a rock at a window, then it will break. If I pay attention in science class then I will earn a good grade.
What is an experiment? An experiment "tests" the hypothesis. After a hypothesis is made scientists will design an experiment to test the hypothesis.
What is a controlled experiment? It tests only one factor as a time. All other factors in the experiment are the same(constant factors)
What are constant factors? The factors that do not change. They are no being tested, but stay the same.
What are the two variable types? Independent Variable(factor being tested) and Dependent Variable(the result, what is being measured)
What is an Independent Variable? The factor that is being tested. If I pay attention in science class then I will earn a good grade. Independent Variable is Paying Attention.
What is a Dependent Variable? The factor that is being measured in the experiment.
DRY, Dependent, Result, analYze.
What is the experimental group? The subjects being tested.
What is the control group? The subjects that are not being tested. They remain the same. They are used as a comparison against the subjects being tested.
Collecting Data From your experiment, data can be collected and organized.
How much data should you collect? You should collect as much data as possible to get more accurate results.
4. Results: What do you with Results? You put results in a table and graphs. Form these tables and graphs you can see a pattern or trends can be observed.
5. Conclusion: What is a conclusion? In the conclusion you decide whether the results from the experiment support the hypothesis.
What happens if the Hypothesis is not proven by the results and conclusion? A new hypothesis should be formed or made.
6. Communicate: Communicate the results. Share the results with other scientists using a lab report or journal or oral presentation. The information will help scientists discover new questions and answers.
How do you communicate results? Share the results with other scientists using a lab report or journal or oral presentation.
What are the six steps of a scientific experiment? A H E R C C All Horses Eat Really Crunchy Carrots.
(1) A= Ask a Question. (2) H=Hypothesis (3) E=Experiment (4) R=Results (5) C=Conclusions (6) C=Communicate.
How do I know what it is?
What is the Problem?
What am I trying to find out?
How do I know what it is?
What is Hypothesis?
What I think the correct results are? (If/Then)
How do I know what it is?
What is the Experimental Group?
The groups that are receiving the different
How do I know what it is?
What is the control group?
Which group is being used as a comparison?
Which group is not receiving the treatment?
Which group is receiving the "normal" treatment?
How do I know what the Independent Variable is? What is the "treatment"?
What will I change in the experiment?
What is different among the experimental groups?
How do I know what the Experiment/Dependent Variable is? What are the results?
What will change because of the independent variable?
How do I know what it is?
What are the factors that must STAY THE SAME throughout the entire experiment?
Scientific Method, Step 1? Hint=A Step 1: Ask-Ask a question(What are you trying to find out?)
Scientific Method, Step 2? Hint=H Step 2: Hypothesis-Hypothesis is formed (If….. then statement)
Scientific Method, Step 3? Hint=E Step 3: Experiment-Experiment designed (Test the hypothesis)
Scientific Method Step 4? Hint=R Step 4: Results – Record/Analyze Data(Data Tables, Graphs, Observations)
Scientific Method, Step 5? C Step 5: Conclusion-Conclusion(Hypothesis Rejected or Supported.)
Scientific Method, Step 6, C Step 6: Communicate-Communicate Results (presentation, Lab Report).

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