Scientists, Mathematicians, Inventors

Question Answer
Law of planetary motion Kepler
Theory of heliocentrism (sun-centered) Copernicus
Part of Renaissance scientific revolution; "father of modern science" Galileo
First man in space Gagarin
First American in space Shepard
First American in orbit Glenn
First American woman in space Ride
First on the moon Armstrong, Aldrin, Collins (in landing craft) – Apollo 11 mission
Developed classification of animals (binomial nomenclature) Linnaeus
Discovered the chemical structure of DNA Crick and Watson
Discovered electrons in an atom Thomson
Theory of evolution of a species Darwin
First human heart transplant Barnard (in South Africa)
Developed laws of motion, built the reflecting telescope, credited as one of the developers of calculus Newton
Discovered penicillin Fleming
Developed the periodic table of elements Mendeleyev
Discovered protons of an atom Rutherford
Father of psychoanalysis; separated the mind into the id, ego and superego; advocated use of "free association" and wrote "The Interpretation of Dreams" Freud
Discovered radium Marie and Pierre Curie
Theory of relativity Einstein
Developed the polio vaccine Salk
Developed the rabies vaccine and a way to make milk safer to drink Pasteur
Developed smallpox vaccine Jenner
Discovered X-rays Roentgen
Developed the mercury thermometer Fahrenheit
Among his inventions were the lightning rod and bifocals Franklin
Inventor of the cotton gin Whitney
Inventor of the stethoscope Laennec
Inventor of the revolver Colt
Developed telegraph and the code used with it Morse
Father of photography Daguerre
Invented vulcanized rubber Goodyear
Developed an elevator with a brake Otis
Inventor of dynamite Nobel
Inventor of the telephone Bell
Credited with inventing the light bulb and phonograph Edison
Father of wireless radio Marconi
Developed the first functional airplane Wright Brothers (Orville and Wilbur)
Inventor of frozen food Birdseye
Invented the liquid fueled rocket Goddard
Developer of the nuclear reactor Fermi
Developed the "hierarchy of needs" used in psychology Maslow
Used a dog to develop conditioned reflex Pavlov
Believed that all behavior was based on learned response Skinner
Father of analytic psychology; introduced the idea of the "collective unconscious" Jung
Father of geometry Euclid
Most famous mathematician of ancient Greece Archimedes
Considered the world's first computer programmer; developed algorithms for early computers Lovelace
Developed the theorem in geometry that states that in a right triangle the square of the length of the hypotenuse (the side opposite the right angle) is equal to the sum of the squares of the other two sides Pythagorus
Developed a sequence of numbers with each number being the sum of the previous two numbers Fibonacci
Created the atomic model Bohr

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