Sem 1 LCE Science Ch 2 sections 1-5 2015

Term Definition
radiation direct transfer of energy by electromagnetic waves
conduction direct transfer of heat from one substance to another substance that it is touching
convection transfer of heat by the movement of fluid
wind horizontal movement of air from an area of high pressure to an area of lower pressure
anemometer an instrument used to measure wind speed
wind chill factor increased cooling a wind can cause
temperature average amount of energy of motion of each particle of a substance
local winds winds that blow over a short distance
global winds winds that blow steadily from specific directions over long directions
Coriolis Effect the way Earth's rotation makes winds curve
global wind belts are the trade winds, polar easterlies, and prevailing westerlies
jet stream bands of high-speed winds
water cycle movement of water between the atmosphere and Earth's surface
evaporation process by which water molecules in liquid water escape into the air as water vapor
humidity the measure of amount of water vapor in the air
condensation when molecules of water vapor in the air become liquid water
precipitation any form of water that falls from clouds and reaches Earth's surface
drought long periods of unusually low precipitation

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