(1) Abstract ————————————————- This study examined the mediating role of self-perceived health between perceived spirituality, religiosity, and life satisfaction among a stratified, random sample of college students, while controlling for gender. Although both models displayed excellent fit criteria, the perceived spirituality and life satisfaction model was fully mediated by self-perceived health x2 (n = 459, 4) = 1. 4, p = 0. 80, CFI = 0. 99, TLI = 0. 99), and the perceived religiosity and life satisfaction model was partially mediated by self-perceived health x2 (n = 459, 10) = 22. 29, p = 0. 01 CFI = 0. 99, TLI = 0. 99). Both models were equal for men and women. Students who describe themselves an spiritual (or religious) are likely to report greater self-perceived health and greater self-perceived health likely influences life satisfaction for both men and women.
Results preliminarily support the contention that life satisfaction is related to differing reported helath status, whether physical or mental, and that life satisfaction may be influenced by religiosity and spirituality engagement. Implications for colleges and universities are discussed. (2) American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation: June 2002 – Volume 81 – Issue 6 – pp 400-410 Research Article: Life Satisfaction Quality of Life, Life Satisfaction, and Spirituality: Comparing Outcomes Between Rehabilitation and Cancer Patients Tate, Denise G.
PhD, ABPP; Forchheimer, Martin MPP Abstract Tate DG, Forchheimer M: Quality of life, life satisfaction, and spirituality: Comparing outcomes between rehabilitation and cancer patients. Am J Phys Med Rehabil 2002;81:400-410. Objective: To determine differences in quality of life, life satisfaction, and spirituality across different patient groups and to determine what factors may relate to these three outcomes across rehabilitation and cancer patients. Design: Subjects were first stratified by five diagnostic groupings.
Patient data were then regrouped for additional analytic purposes into two large cohorts. All subjects completed questionnaires once. Differences in scores and correlations were computed, and regression models were specified. Results: Group differences were found across the quality of life measures used in the study. There were also differences in life satisfaction and spiritual well-being. Spirituality was found to be associated with both quality of life and life satisfaction, although it was not a significant predictor in a multivariate context.
Conclusions: In general, subjects with prostate cancer reported higher scores across all measures. Spirituality showed a strong association with both life satisfaction and quality of life, and it was a significant predictor of life satisfaction among rehabilitation subjects. Factors such as age, marital status, and work status, in addition to specific dimensions of quality of life, such as social functioning and functional well-being, were found to be associated with total quality of life. © 2002 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.