Sociology Chapters 1, 2, and 3 Questions Only

Question Answer
How do sociologists look at the world? Sociologists developed theories to provide windows into our lives, including three primary perspectives: Functionalist, Conflict, and Interactionist
How might someone practice sociology? Sociology can be practiced in careers such as applied, clinical, or academic, as well as practicing sociology in our everyday lives by utilizing the sociological imagination to better understand ourselves and others
According to C. Wright Mills, the sociological imagination focuses on the intersection between what? History and biography
In their attempts to describe the relationship between sociology and common sense, sociologists argue what? Sociology depends on systematic analysis through research, whereas common sense does not
Emile Durkheim's research on suicide found what? The more socially integrated someone is, the less likely he or she is to commit suicide
Karl Marx argued that in order to understand social order we must include analysis of what? Ownership of the means of production
Which sociologist made a major contribution to society through his in-depth studies of urban life, including both blacks and whites? W. E. B. Du Bois
What techniques do sociologists use to collect data? Research designs used to collect data include surveys, observation, experiments, and use of existing sources
What ethical concerns must sociologists consider when conducting research? They have a responsibility to follow the ASA Code of Ethics, particularly respecting confidentiality, revealing research funding, maintaining value neutrality, and overall, treating their subjects with respect
What is the first step in any sociological research project? Define the problem
Why do humans create culture? Humans lack the complex instincts present in other animals, and as such they must construct a relationship to nature and with each other. We do this through the construction of shared culture
What does material culture consist of? Our modification of the physical environment
What is cognitive culture? Thinking, including language, values, beliefs, and knowledge
What does normative culture provide? Rules for behavior

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