Species Of Ficus Collected From Pakistan Biology Essay

Shinwari in 2010, conducted research on the history of medicative workss in Pakistan. He reported that out of about 258,650 species from higher workss of universe ; about 10 % are utilized to bring around ailing communities. Many known drugs ( e.g. curare, Raudixin, and morphine etc ) are discovered on footing of the traditional cognition. Many people from Pakistan depend upon medicative workss to for intervention of their child, and even in major diseases. In Pakistan a local Pansara market system is particularly covering with the concern of medicative workss and many workss are exported, Plants which have active components now are utilised to handle many complaints in the human and the carnal both. In most of the cases, some workss are considered as particular for some peculiar unwellness, but on occasion, they are supposed to be of assorted use. Women, which are followed by the kids, are chiefly identified as chief aggregators of the medicative workss. And the local herb tea traders, aggregators and others are 1s who are threaten to Pakistan vegetation. For the local communities, the wild medicative workss are an of import income beginning but if these are non decently managed, this might be lead to devastation of the home ground and in the return the extinction of the species. So, there is demand to hold ways by which medicative workss can be harvested sustainably from wild. This article, is hence an attempt to reexamine position of research on the medicative workss in Pakistan.

Ahmad et al. , 2009 studied the utile medicative vegetation enlisted in sanctum Quran and Ahadith. This work was fundamentally a portion to look into the list of the medicative workss and their use enlisted in the Islamic literature, Holly Quran and Ahadith. Detailed and comprehensive information was collected consistently from the Islamic history, Holly Quran, books written on the Islamic medical specialties and Ahadithaa‚¬a„?s books. The consequences were confined of thirtytwo medicinal workss which belongs to the 30 genera of the twentythree households of the works land. Findingss were arranged consistently by the alphabetic order of the botanical names which are followed by the English name, household, the home ground and the wont, their distribution, the portion used, their medicative utilizations and the mentions which are cited by the Holly Quran and Ahadith. It is suggested that the industries which are works based should developed in visible radiation of the Islamic research and instruction.

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Idu et al. , 2009 made a comparative morphological and Anatomical Studies on the foliage and root of the medicative workss, Jatropha tanjorensis.L and Jatropha curcas L. Anatomical and morphological surveies were done on these two species. These probes were done on the root and the foliage of these two workss utilizing light microscope fitted with the digital camera. In leaf subdivision of J. tanjorensis trichomes were seen whereas these trichomes were non present in the J. curcas. The palisade parenchyma from the lower side of J. tanjorensis was consisted of the fewer beds but it is thicker than the J. curcas, which is possessed of more dilutant bed of palisade.

Hassan et al. , 2008 made an etahnobotanical study of of import wild medicative workss of Hatter territory Huripur, in Research Institute of Sugar ( Shakarganj ) , Jhang The Toba Road ( Punjab ) , Pakistan. From the traditional therapists information was collected through a study for the use of medicative workss during the twelvemonth 2004-06 in the Hattar part. Through interviews and questionnaires informations about medicative workss was collected by the cognition of the local traditional people. Plants were managed alphabetically with right terminology, by the household name, the common name and the ethnomedicinal utilizations. The terminology and the designation of listed workss were based on the Pakistan vegetation. Hattar has been surveyed two-times per twelvemonth in the spring and the fall season. About 45 workss were identified through systematic description and by the common people cognition of the people present in part locally. Out of 45 workss, 17 were the perennials/biannual, twenty were found in the spring, while eight species were present in the fall season. Plant specimens which were identified, collected, so preserved and so mounted were so deposited in Herbarium of Qarshi, Hattar, Haripur for the hereafter mentions.

Malpani et al. , 2008 explained the microscopial, the macroscopical, & A ; the preliminary phytochemical activities of the bark of Cassia fistulous withers L. , which was used widely in the traditional medical specialties for the remedy of assorted diseases in India viz. antioxidant, hepatoprotective and antidiabetic etc. Bark pharmacognostic nature was non reported, but, present survey was done to analyze the same information as earlier, harmonizing to Pharmacopoeial guidelines and the WHO all parametric quantities were examined.

Zafar et al. , 2007 reported that pollen morphology and pollen birthrate of 7 species of household Asteraceae from vegetation of Rawalpindi which are used as assistance in the systematic description. Complete and the polleniferous stuff specimens of workss were decently identified, so collected and so utilised. Morphology of the Pollen varied among these species really well. Then Palynomorph stock list was developed. It was observed that the pollen characters such as the form, the P/E ratio, the exine surface and the morphology of pollen was considered as to be the of import characteristics used as assistance in the taxonomy of such species. The appraisal of birthrate of pollen was ranged from the 90 -98.11 per centum, which shows that the pollen vegetation of the selected species is being good established.

Milan et al. , 2006 worked out comparative foliage morphology and anatomy of three Asteraceae Species. The aim of the paper was the description and the comparing of the mature leaves on the footing of anatomy and morphology. All the three species have different types of wonts which emphasizes on their secretory constructions. The transverse and the longitudinal subdivisions of the mature blades of the foliages were analyzed, at the base, vertex, and the 3rd average portion of mid vena and so of border, glandular trichomes which are uniseriate and the secretory canals are present in M. glomerata, whereas P. ruderale has secretory pits and water pores and idioblasts and Bi and uni seriate trichomes ( glandular ) were seen in the V. condensate.

Akcin and Ozbucak 2006, discussed the morphological, the anatomical and the ecological characteristics of the medicinal and the comestible works Malva neglecta Waller ( Malvaceae ) , which is found economically of import. It is utilised as the nutrient and the common people medical specialties, works parts which are comestible were anatomically examined. There were the glandular and the non glandular hairs nowadays on the leafstalk, the root, and the foliage. Crystals were found in the foliage and the root. Stomata type nowadays was anomocytic. Stomata index found was 19.5.

Susana et al. , 2005 investigated 180 species which belongs to the 41 households particularly of the household of Asteraceae. The chief intent of the survey was that to give a tool to distinguish the taxa. An attack in this manner is formulated for the designation of the taxa through cuticular foliage characteristics. By holding the 7 hairs, the whip hairs, the uniseriate, the stellate and the two-armed hairs were the parametric quantities by which they recognized the household Asteraceae.

Ali et al. , 1999 studied the hexane and the methanol infusions of the 16 workss of the household Fabaceae, collected around Karachi, Pakistan. These works species were phytochemically screened, and so tested for the antibacterial, and the antimicrobic activity. Against Fungi and bacterium every bit compared to the methyl alcohol extracts, the hexane infusions of the workss showed the stronger growing suppressions, as Cassia species were found and reported to be more active workss biologically.

Jafri et al. , 1998 stated that Cassia occidentalis L, which is normally called the Kasondi, was utilized in the Unani medical specialty, for the liver complaints, and it was of import ingredient of the many polyherbal preparations which were marketed for the liver diseases. The consequence of foliages of the kasondi was seen on the rat liver damage hepatoprotective consequence produced by the aqueous infusion of ethanole which was induced by the ethyl intoxicant and paracetamol by detecting the serum aminotransferase, the serum cholesterin, the alkaline posphatase, the histopathological changes and the serum entire lipoids. Significant hepatoprotection was produced by infusion of the foliages of this works.


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