Standard 1 Vocabulary Words

Term Definition
Archaea Prokaryotes that live in extreme environments.
Producer An organism that makes its own food. It is located at the bottom of the energy pyramid.
Fungi A single or multi-cellular organism with hyphae; feed on living or decaying organisms.
Parasite An organism that gets its nutrients from another organism. For example, tick and mosquito.
Virus A particle that must have a host to reproduce. It can be deadly or have a positive effect.
Binary Fission A method of reproduction that bacteria uses.
Anamalia Multicellular organisms that cannot make their own food.
Plantae Multicellular organisms that make their own food.
Protista Single or multi-cellular organisms made of eukaryotic cells; found in moist or wet surroundings; some are animal-like, some are plant-like, and some are both plant and animal like.
Eukarya Domain that includes Kingdoms, Animalia, Protista, Fungi, and Plantae. Each of these kingdoms has cells that have a nucleus.
Bacteria A domain made up of prokaryotes that usually have a cell wall and that usually reproduce by cell division.
Heterotroph An organism that cannot make its own food.
Antibiotics Medicine that attacks bacteria.
Classification The division of organisms into groups, or classes, based on specific characteristics.
Taxonomy The study of the general principles of scientific classification.
Dichotomous Key A detailed list of characteristics used to identify organisms.

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