stars, moons, planets.....

Term Definition
Large spiraling cloud of GAS and DUST that moves inward due to gravity to form a STAR Nebula
The closest star,(CENTER) to our solar system SUN
How large and hot a star is in relation to other stars actual brightness (magnitude)
The hottest star would be the color BLUE
The coldest star would be the color RED
A stars brightness as seen from Earth apparent brightness (Magnitude)
The planets closest to the Sun are ___ their surfaces are rock, few moons and no rings TERRESTRIAL planets
The outer planets of our solar system are called ____ surface mostly gases, many moons , and rings JOVIAN planets
The surface of Earth is covered mostly by Water
The length of a year is equivalent to the time it takes for one Revolution of the Earth around the sun
the length of a day is equivalent to the time it takes for
(1 day or 24 hours)
Rotation of Earth
The force responsible for keeping planets in orbiting motion around the Sun Gravity
The movement of a planet around the Sun is
(1 year= 365 1/4 days)
The factor that contributes to the seasons occurring in New York State the tilt of Earth on its axis
The sun appears to move across the sky during the day because the Earth is rotating on its axis
The direction the planets revolve around the sun Counter-Clockwise
When Earth's axis is tilted TOWARD the sun, the season occurring is Summer
When Earth's axis is tilted AWAY from the sun, the season occurring is Winter
chunks of matter on space whose orbits cross the orbits of the planets Meteoroid
a meteoroid that enters the Earth's atmosphere, vaporizes and gives off streaks of light (shooting star) Meteor
any meteoroid matter that survives the atmosphere and strikes the ground Meteorite
Orbit the sun in highly elliptical path Comets
Metallic, rocky bodies without atmospheres that orbit the sum Asteroids
Reason for seasons Earth's tilted axis
The moon takes ___ to go through a full phase cycle 29.5 days (One Month)
Why does the moon have an effect on tides on Earth the moon is closer to the Earth than the sun
Sun is blocked, Earth, moon, & sun lined up (new moon) Solar Eclipse
Moon is blocked , moon, Earth, & sun lined up (full moon) Lunar Eclipse
New moon to full moon gets larger Waxing
Full moon to new moon gets smaller Waning

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