Steps and other notes about meiosis and mitosis

Term Definition
Prophase Before mitosis begins, the cell is copied and the nuclear membrane dissapears.
Metaphase The chromosomes line up in the middle of the cell.
Anaphase The chromosomes seperate from their partners and go to opposite ends of the cell.
Telophase/cytokinesis The cell splits in half to make two identical cells with 46 chromosomes.
Meiosis Sexual reproduction that produces haploid cells.
Gametes/haploid cells Haploid cells have half the normal number of chromosomes.
Diploid cells Diploid cells have the whole number of chromosomes.
Homologs Two chromosomes in a pair, one from your mom and one from your dad.
Egg cell Female reproductive cell (half of the chromosomes)
Sperm cell Male reproductive cell (Half the chromosomes)

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