study stack for anatomy final exam

Question Answer
The greatest visual acuity is found at the fovea centralis
Gradual clouding of the lens cataracts
cortical region for hearing temporal lobe
Olfactory tract damage would affect taste and smell
White covering of the eye sclera
Salty taste tip
lack of one type of cone cell color blindness
farsightedness hyperopia
Cone cells color vision
the portion of the eye concerned with image formation retina
choriod vascular light abssorbing tunic
The __________ controls the amount of light entering the eye iris
Type I diabetes melitis must control it with insulin injections
Hypothyroidism in children is called cretinism
________ is the hormone that allows glucose to be taken up by the body insulin
_________ acts antagonistically to insulin and is produced by the same endocrine gland glucagon
Normals development of the immune system is due to hormones produced by the thymus
____________ is necessary for the synthesis of thyroxine iodine
Growth hormones effects bones and muscles
_______________ stimulates milk production prolactin
When both A and B clot on the plate the blood type is AB
Blood normally clots in 3 to 6 minutes
The axillary artery is located in the arm pit
the normal pH of blood is 7.4
decrease in oxygen carrying capacity of the blood anemia
is the respiratory pigment that binds to oxygen hemaglobin
is the liquid portion of blood plasma
means defiency of blood ischemia
arteries that feed capillary beds arterioles
carry blood toward heart and have valves veins
permit gas to exchange between the blood and tissue capillaries
freshly oxygenated blood is recieved by the left atrium
the myocardium of the heart recieves its blood supply from coronary arteries
High blood pressure hypertension
heart beating greater than 100 times a minute tachycardia
ideal vital capacity 4800ml
total volume of exchangable air total lung capacity
competes with oxygen for binding sites is deadly Carbon monoxide
prevents aspiration of food into the lower respiratory passages eppiglottis
controls the diaphram phrenic nerve
the detergantlike molecule that prevents alveoli from sticking together surfactant
normal breathing eupnea
has the greatest stimulating effect on the brain carbon monoxide
signifcantly delays stomach emptying lipids or fats
stores and concentrates bile gall bladder
spincter between the esophagus and stomach cardioesophageal
chemical digestions of fats is intiated in the small intestine
chemical digestion of proteins is intiated in teh stomach
insulin is produced in the pancreas
vitamin associated with eyesite A
soupy mixture of food in the stomach chyme
the structures in the intestine that increase the surface area vili
the structure that suspends the small intestine from the abdominal wall mesentery
usually indicates liver problems jaundice
causes severe eppigastric pain associated with prolong storage of bile in the gall bladder gall stones
blood sugar glucose
three nitrogenous waste found in blood urea, uric acid, creatinine
alcohol acts as a diuretic because it inhibits the release of ADH
inflammation of the bladder cystitis
when voiding cannot be voluntarily controlled incontinence
Daily we loose about this many liters of water 1.5
body water content is greates in infants
electrolyte most involved in fluid balance sodium
kidney excretes nitrogenous waste
pus in the urine pyruia
may indicate a peron is pregnant if it is present in the urine albumin
presence of glucose in the urine may indicate diabetes mellitis
voiding or emptying the bladder micturation
when white blood cells are atracted to an inflamitory area chemotaxis
the antibody most abundant in body secretions IgA
shorterm immune protection antibodies are recieved from someone else passive immunity
Most numerous phagocyte neurtophil
T cells cell mediated immunity
antibody that have the highest percentage in the blood IgG
antibody in tears and saliva IgA
Antibody associated with the allergic reaction IgE
type of immunity passed from mother to baby passive immunity
type of immunity when you get a vaccine active immunity
Hiv invades and kills, they turn on the immune system Helper T cells
turns off the immune system supressor T cell
attact and lyses pathogens killer T cell (cytotoxic)
surrounded by the prostrate gland urethra
mouth of the uterus cervix
the set of color receptors with in the retina are sensitive to what 3 visable wavelenghts red, blue, gree
olfactory cells are normally stimulated by substances in solution
bacterial infection known as pinkeye conjuntivitis
when neither A or B clots on the plate the blood type is O
arteriole system that supplies the brain with blood carotid
heart beating too slow less t han 50 beats per minute bradycardia
animal storage form of carbohydrates glycogen
brain cells suffer most when this drops blood glucose
digestion of this begins in the mouth carboydrates
increase during alleric reations esonophils
type of waste excreted by the kidneys nitrogenous
type of immunity that reacts to anything that is nonself example phagocytosis, skin, mucus nonspecific immunity
where the egg is producedd ovary
responsible for the yellow color of urine urochrome
unequal curve of the lens of the eye astimgatism
bending of light refraction

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