Sucessfull International Entrepreneur - Steve Jobs Essay

Steve Jobs Early Life Steve Jobs was born on February 24, 1955, in the city of San Francisco. His biological parents, Joanne Carole Schieble and Abdulfattah Jandali—a Syrian Muslim graduate student who became a political science professor. Job’s biological sister, the novelist Mona Simpson . Job was adopted by Paul and Clara Jobs of Mountain View, Santa Clara County, later to be known as Silicon Valley, California . They named him Steven Paul. Paul and Clara later adopted a daughter, who they named Patty. Steve was quite a turbulent child.

He really didn’t care about school for a very long time — until the 4th grade, to be precise. Jobs attended Cupertino Junior High School and Homestead High School in Cupertino, California and frequented after-school lectures at the Hewlett-Packard Company in Palo Alto, California. He was soon hired there and worked with Steve Wozniak as a summer employee. In 1972, Jobs graduated from high school and enrolled in Reed College in Portland, Oregon. Although he dropped out after only one semester, he continued auditing classes at Reed, such as one in calligraphy.

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Jobs later stated, “If I had never dropped in on that single course in college, the Mac would have never had multiple typefaces or proportionally spaced fonts”, he said In the autumn of 1974, Jobs returned to California and began attending meetings of the Homebrew Computer Club with Steve Wozniak. He took a job as a technician at Atari, a manufacturer of popular video games, with the primary intent of saving money for a spiritual retreat to India. Jobs then traveled to India with a Reed College friend (and, later, the first Apple employee), Daniel Kottke, in search of spiritual enlightenment.

He came back a Buddhist with his head shaved and wearing traditional Indian clothing. During this time he has stated that people around him who did not share his countercultural roots could not fully relate to his thinking. [pic] He returned to his previous job at Atari and was given the task of creating a circuit board for the game Breakout. According to Atari founder Nolan Bushnell, Atari had offered US$100 for each chip that was reduced in the machine. Jobs had little interest or knowledge in circuit board design and made a deal with Wozniak to split the bonus evenly between them if Wozniak could minimize the number of chips.

Much to the amazement of Atari, Wozniak reduced the number of chips by 50, a design so tight that it was impossible to reproduce on an assembly line. At the time, Jobs told Wozniak that Atari had only given them $600 (instead of the actual $5000) and that Wozniak’s share was thus $300. Beginnings of Apple Computer Jobs and Wozniak had been friends for several years, having met in 1971, when their mutual friend, Bill Fernandez, introduced 21-year-old Wozniak to 16-year-old Jobs. Steve Jobs managed to interest Wozniak in assembling a computer and selling it.

In 1976, Steve Jobs, Stephen Wozniak, Ronald Wayne, and later with funding from a then-semi-retired Intel product-marketing manager and engineer A. C. “Mike” Markkula Jr. founded Apple. As Apple continued to expand, the company began looking for an experienced executive to help manage its expansion. In 1978, Apple recruited Mike Scott to serve as CEO for several turbulent years. In 1983, Steve Jobs lured John Sculley away from Pepsi-Cola to serve as Apple’s CEO. The following year, Apple set out to do just that, starting with a Super Bowl television commercial titled, “1984. At Apple’s annual shareholders meeting on January 24, 1984, an emotional Jobs introduced the Macintosh to a wildly enthusiastic audience. The Macintosh became the first commercially successful small computer with a graphical user interface. The development of the Mac was started by Jef Raskin, and eventually taken over by Jobs. While Jobs was a persuasive and charismatic director for Apple, some of his employees from that time had described him as an erratic and temperamental manager.

An industry-wide sales slump towards the end of 1984 caused deterioration in Jobs’s working relationship with Sculley, and at the end of May 1985 – following an internal power struggle and an announcement of significant layoffs – Sculley relieved Jobs of his duties as head of the Macintosh division. NeXT Computer Around the same time, Jobs founded another computer company, NeXT Computer. Like the Apple Lisa, the NeXT workstation was technologically advanced; however, it was largely dismissed by industry as cost-prohibitive.

Among those who could afford it, however, the NeXT workstation garnered a strong following because of its technical strengths, chief among them its object-oriented software development system. The NeXTcube was described by Jobs as an “interpersonal” computer, which he believed was the next step after “personal” computing. That is, if computers could allow people to communicate and collaborate together in an easy way, it would solve many of the problems that “personal” computing had come up against.

During a time when e-mail for most people was plain text, Jobs loved to demo the NeXT’s e-mail system, NeXTMail, as an example of his “interpersonal” philosophy. NeXTMail was one of the first to support universally visible, clickable embedded graphics and audio within e-mail. Pixar and Disney In 1986, Jobs bought The Graphics Group (later renamed Pixar) from Lucasfilm’s computer graphics division for the price of $10 million, $5 million of which was given to the company as capital. The new company initially intended to be a high-end graphics hardware developer.

After years of unprofitability selling the Pixar Image Computer, it contracted with Disney to produce a number of computer-animated feature films, which Disney would co-finance and distribute. [pic] The first film produced by the partnership, Toy Story, brought fame and critical acclaim to the studio when it was released in 1995. Over the next ten plus years, under Pixar’s creative chief John Lasseter, the company would produce the box-office hits A Bug’s Life (1998), Toy Story 2 (1999), Monsters, Inc. (2001), Finding Nemo (2003), The Incredibles (2004), Cars (2006), Ratatouille (2007), WALL-E (2008) and Up (2009).

Finding Nemo, The Incredibles, Ratatouille, WALL-E and Up each received the Academy Award for Best Animated Feature, an award introduced in 2001. On January 24, 2006, Jobs and Iger announced that Disney had agreed to purchase Pixar in an all-stock transaction worth $7. 4 billion. Once the deal closed, Jobs became The Walt Disney Company’s largest single shareholder with approximately 7% of the company’s stock. Jobs joined the company’s board of directors upon completion of the merger. Jobs also help oversee Disney and Pixar’s combined animation businesses with a seat on a special six-man steering committee.

Return to Apple In 1996, Apple announced that it would buy NeXT for $429 million. The deal was finalized in late 1996. He soon became Apple’s interim CEO. In March 1998, to concentrate Apple’s efforts on returning to profitability, Jobs immediately terminated a number of projects such as Newton, Cyberdog, and OpenDoc. In the coming months, many employees developed a fear of encountering Jobs while riding in the elevator. Jobs also changed the licensing program for Macintosh clones, making it too costly for the manufacturers to continue making machines.

With the purchase of NeXT, much of the company’s technology found its way into Apple products, most notably NeXT STEP, which evolved into Mac OS X. Under Jobs’s guidance the company increased sales significantly with the introduction of the iMac and other new products; since then, appealing designs and powerful branding have worked well for Apple. At the 2000 Macworld Expo, Jobs officially dropped the “interim” modifier from his title at Apple and became permanent CEO. Jobs quipped at the time that he would be using the title ‘iCEO.

In recent years, the company has branched out, introducing and improving upon other digital appliances. With the introduction of the iPod portable music player, iTunes digital music software, and the iTunes Store, the company made forays into consumer electronics and music distribution. In 2007, Apple entered the cellular phone business with the introduction of the iPhone, a multi-touch display cell phone, iPod, and internet device. While stimulating innovation, Jobs also reminds his employees that “real artist’s ship,” by which he means that delivering working products on time is as important as innovation and attractive design.

In 2005, Jobs responded to criticism of Apple’s poor recycling programs for e-waste in the U. S. by lashing out at environmental and other advocates at Apple’s Annual Meeting in Cupertino in April. However, a few weeks later, Apple announced it would take back iPods for free at its retail stores. The Computer Take Back Campaign responded by flying a banner from a plane over the Stanford University graduation at which Jobs was the commencement speaker. The banner read “Steve — don’t be a mini-player recycle all e-waste”. In 2006, he further expanded Apple’s recycling programs to any U. S. ustomer who buys a new Mac. This program includes shipping and “environmentally friendly disposal” of their old systems. [pic] Personal life Jobs married Laurene Powell, on March 18, 1991. Presiding over the wedding was the Zen Buddhist monk Kobun Chino Otogowa. [58] The couple have a son, Reed Paul Jobs and two other children. In 1982, Jobs bought an apartment in The San Remo, an apartment building in New York City with a politically progressive reputation, where Demi Moore, Steven Spielberg, Steve Martin, and Princess Yasmin Aga Khan, daughter of Rita Hayworth, also had apartments.

With the help of I. M. Pei, Jobs spent years renovating his apartment in the top two floors of the building’s north tower, only to sell it almost two decades later to U2 frontman Bono. Jobs had never moved in. In 1984, Jobs purchased a 17,000-square-foot (1,600 m2), 14 bedroom Spanish Colonial mansion, designed by George Washington Smith in Woodside, California, also known as Jackling House. Although it reportedly remained in an almost unfurnished state, Jobs lived in the mansion for ten years. He is a vegetarian.

Jobs had a public war of words with Dell Computer CEO Michael Dell, starting when Jobs first criticized Dell for making “un-innovative beige boxes. ” On October 6, 1997, in a Gartner Symposium, when Michael Dell was asked what he would do if he owned then-troubled Apple Computer, he said “I’d shut it down and give the money back to the shareholders. ” In 2006, Steve Jobs sent an email to all employees when Apple’s market capitalization rose above Dell’s. The email was – “Team, it turned out that Michael Dell wasn’t perfect at predicting the future.

Based on today’s stock market close, Apple is worth more than Dell. Stocks go up and down, and things may be different tomorrow, but I thought it was worth a moment of reflection today. Steve. ” Honors [pic] He was awarded the National Medal of Technology from President Ronald Reagan in 1985 with Steve Wozniak (the first people to ever receive the honor), and a Jefferson Award for Public Service in the category “Greatest Public Service by an Individual 35 Years or Under” (aka the Samuel S. Beard Award) in 1987.

On November 27, 2007, Jobs was named the most powerful person in business by Fortune Magazine. On December 5, 2007, California Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger and First Lady Maria Shriver inducted Jobs into the California Hall of Fame, located at The California Museum for History, Women and the Arts. In August 2009, Jobs was selected the most admired entrepreneur among teenagers on a survey by Junior Achievement. On November 5, 2009, Jobs was named the CEO of the decade by Fortune Magazine.

He is ranked #57 on Forbes:The World’s Most Powerful People. Health concerns However the most serious troubles Steve had to face in recent years is medical ones. In October 2003, while performing a routine abdominal scan, doctors discovered a tumor growing in his pancreas. Usually a pancreatic cancer is quick to kill you — but not in Steve’s case. He was suffering from an islet cell neuroendocrine tumor, one that can be removed by surgery and usually leave the patient with some ten more years on earth, or more.

But Steve Jobs was no ordinary patient. True to the Eastern mysticism of his youth and his strange yet deep beliefs about medicine and food, he stubbornly refused to have the surgery, sticking to a special diet that he thought would cure him from his cancer. This lasted for nine long months, while his family and Apple’s top people grew increasing concern about him. However, observing that his situation was not improving, he reluctantly agreed to have the surgery in August 2004, at the Stanford Medical Center.

It was only then that the news was made public, with Steve himself writing a letter to Apple employees from his hospital bed. He took one month off and came back as CEO in September. The case seemed closed for a while, before it surprisingly resurfaced some three years later, in 2008. First came rumors following Steve’s public appearances at Macworld in January, but especially at WWDC in June 2008. He obviously had lost weight in a substantial and even frightening way since his appearances the year before.

Many blogs and dedicated websites speculated his cancer had come back. [pic] Steve Jobs: often called Silicon valley pioneer and the author of unique Entrepreneur and leadership Ideas: In order to understand the leadership style of Steve Jobs and the core ideas and steps which led his Apple company to this success through the period while he has been and stays its CEO, it will be appropriate to start the discussion with one of Job’s quotations, which may shed the light on his leadership characteristics and define the direction in which the discussion will go . Innovation distinguishes between the leader and the follower’ somebody may become surprised to know that Jobs has not graduated any college (he started his education but never finished it), devoting all his lifetime to new technologies and innovations in this sphere. Jobs prove that being a leader is a complex of various aspects and visions. The fact that he founded his Apple computer in 1976 and by the year 2005 the company already had around 15,000 employers is the evidence of the successful leadership features which Jobs was able to use in his career making both him and his successful. .[pic]

Brand fanaticism and radical customer devotion: Steve Jobs has based the leadership culture of the Apple Company on brand fanaticism and radical customer devotion. Though Jobs is highly criticized for his leadership style, but his achievements (introducing mouse and graphic user interface) cannot be neglected. They have become revolutionary. Jobs is perfectionist, and he has been described as being intimidating by several publications. Another important leadership feature peculiar of Jobs is that he does not see only computers, but far beyond. He is demanding both towards himself and towards his employees.

His deadlines often seem impossible to meet, but is constantly moving, moving towards improvement in all spheres of his work. One more important characteristics of Jobs’ leadership style thus is his ability to combine zeal and fear for his employees, who often state that they are afraid of him, but for any business, especially for the large companies, it is essential that the employees have the same vision of reality with the head of the company; this often defines its success, no matter in what economic area this company works, in computer industry or in the hospitality sector.

Jobs. transformational leadership Jobs is the example of the transformational leader, he is able to direct his people and make them do things which they have never done before, but these things are essential for the realization of Jobs’s vision and plans. He is seen as ’egotist’, but this is again an integral part of successful leader. goism often appears to be a pushing force for striving to success in business; this egoism should partially be spread on workers, as it is seen, Jobs is egoistic towards himself, but he is also egoistic towards his workers in making them achieve what seemed to be unachievable before, and it is essential that this egotist feature has also become an integral part of Jobs’s success. Trust in success and the chosen strategy

The ability of Jobs to concentrate only on the most necessary features is seen through his adolescence, when he dropped out of college and kept going to lectures as drop-in, visiting only those he supposed he would need in the future; among those were the courses of calligraphy, which seemed to be wasting of time, but which later became the basis for the Mac typography, and as a result the basis for the multiple typefaces which all computers integrally have at present. Jobs, 2005) Jobs trusts in his success as the leader and he himself states the necessity to trust, which will ultimately bring necessary changes into one’s life and make one the leader. One has to find the job he would love, and this will also create serious success in any area. He believes that as far as work takes greater part of our life, it is essential to believe that what we do is great; otherwise our activity is doomed to failure. Steve Jobs in short The Facts: Full name: Steven Paul Jobs Birth date: 24 February 1955 Birth location: San Francisco, California Social background: lower middle-class.

Father was fixing cars for a living. Education: high-school certificate. Dropped out of Reed College after one semester. Occupations: chairman & CEO at Apple Inc. + Director at The Walt Disney Company Net worth: $5. 5 billion according to Forbes’ 2010 ranking — 136th richest man on Earth Annual salary: $1 Family: Biological parents: Joanne Simpson and possibly Abdulfattah Jandali, political sciences professor from Syria Adoptive parents: Paul and Clara Jobs, both deceased Siblings: adoptive sister: Patti Jobs (born 1958), biological sister: Mona Simpson (born 1957) Spouse: Laurene Powell (born 1964), married in 1991

Children: Lisa Brennan-Jobs (born 1978), with unmarried girlfriend Chris-Ann Brennan. Reed (born 1991), Erin Siena (born 1995) and Eve (born 1998) with wife Laurene. Personal Taste and Opinion: Political orientation: Democrat. Steve funds the Democratic Party (using his wife’s name) for each Presidential election, and he entertained the Clintons several times at his home in Palo Alto. Steve himself thought of running for the office of governor of California after he left Apple in 1985 — but gave up in the end. He knew Gov. Jerry Brown from his days at the Los Altos Zen Center in the 1970s.

Spirituality: Steve studied Zen Buddhism in his youth. He often said that he thought of becoming a monk up in a monastery in Japan instead of starting Apple, but his guru Kobun Chino convinced him otherwise. That same Zen master was a spiritual adviser at NeXT and married Steve and Laurene in Yosemite in 1991. Favorite places: Europe in general and Paris in particular. He said to French journalists that one of his biggest pride was to see an Apple billboard next to the Louvre. Yet his favorite place on earth is probably his home, Silicon Valley.

He reportedly delights in driving on the scenic I-280, and spending hours hitchhiking on the hills surrounding Stanford campus in Palo Alto. Favorite music: Steve’s favorite musician is definitely Bob Dylan, whose tunes he played throughout his youth with his guitar at home. Steve also loves The Beatles and Grateful Dead, all part of the rock scene of the 1960s (thus before he came of age). He describes himself as an audiophile: after he became rich, one of the only pieces of furniture he bought was a $100,000 stereo system. It is still true today.

Favorite art: we can’t say for sure but we know that Steve loves photography. For a long time his home was only decorated with large black-and-white photographs of cultural icons such as Einstein, or the California landscape, mostly by Ansel Adams. He also had Japanese prints. Time Line Biography of Steve Jobs |Year |History | |1955 |Feb. 24 Steven Paul is born in San Francisco, California. He is soon adopted by Paul and Clara Jobs. |1967 |The Jobs family moves to Los Altos, heart of the growing Silicon Valley. | |1969 |Steve Jobs meets Steve Wozniak. | |1972 |Steve and Woz build and sell illegally blue boxes to Berkeley students. | |1973 |Fall Steve spends one semester at Reed College, Oregon, then drops out. | |1974 |Steve gets his first job at Atari. | | |He makes a trip to India with Dan Kottke to seek enlightenmen | |1975 |Woz finishes his Apple I design.

Woz and Steve start assembling Apple I’s in the Jobses’ garage and sell them to personal | | |computing enthusiasts. | |1976 |March: Woz and Steve show the early Apple I board at the Homebrew Computer Club. | | |April 1: Apple Computer Inc. is officially started by Steve Jobs, Steve Wozniak and Ron Wayne. | | |Summer: They show the Apple I at the Personal Computing Festival in Atlantic City. Woz starts working on the Apple II. | |1977 |Jan: Ron Wayne sells his Apple shares. Mike Markkula invests in Apple and hires Mike Scott as CEO. Woz is forced to leave HP. | |Apr: Apple makes a huge sensation at the West Coast Computer Faire with their prototype Apple II computer | |1978 |The Apple II is a huge hit all around the US. | | |Steve’s first daughter with his ex-girlfriend Chris-Ann Brennan is born out of wedlock. She calls her Lisa. | | |Work starts on the Apple III and Lisa. Jef Raskin begins writing the Book of Macintosh. | |1979 |VisiCalc is introduced. It is the first spreadsheet software, and only available on the Apple II platform. | | |Dec. Steve Jobs gets a tour of Xerox PARC with Apple engineers.

They are shown the world’s first working graphical user interface. | |1980 |Jef Raskin’s Macintosh project is green-lighted. Lisa moves toward a GUI-computer. | | |May Launch of the Apple III, which will prove a disastrous flop. | | |Dec. 12 Apple’s initial public offering. Steve Jobs is worth over $200 million. | |1981 |Jef Raskin is forced out of his Macintosh project as Steve Jobs takes over. | | |Feb. 25 “Black Wednesday”: CEO Mike Scott fires several Apple employees without the board’s consent. He is soon fired himself. | | |Aug. 2 IBM launches its PC | |1982 |Feb. Steve makes it to the cover of Time Magazine, but fails to be named Man of the Year because of his bad temper and his | | |out-of-wedlock daughter Lisa. | |1983 |Jan. Launch of the Lisa computer. The Lisa team joins the Macintosh project. | | |John Sculley is chosen by Apple’s board of directors as the company’s CEO. | |1984 |Jan. 24 Macintosh is launched in great fanfare at Apple’s shareholder meeting. | |1985 |Feb.

Steve Jobs and Steve Wozniak both receive the National Technology Medal from President Reagan. Woz leaves Apple soon | | |afterward. | | |May Steve tries to get John Sculley fired from Apple. The board sides with Sculley. The company is soon reorganized and Steve | | |stripped off of any executive duties. | | |Summer Alan Kay first introduces the Pixar team to Steve. | | |Sep. 13 Announces his plan to found NeXT to the Apple board. | | |Sep. 17 Steve Jobs resigns from Apple. Apple announces it will sue NeXT. | |1986 |Jan. 0 Steve Jobs buys the Pixar team from George Lucas for $10 million and incorporates it as Pixar Inc. Pixar launches its | | |Pixar Image Computer later that year. | | |Aug. Pixar unveils John Lasseter’s short film Luxo Jr. at SIGGRAPH. | | |Steve discovers his biological mother and sister, novelist Mona Simpson. His first daughter Lisa Brennan-Jobs moves in with him at| | |the Woodside mansion. | |1987 |Feb. Investor Ross Perot invests $20 million in NeXT. | | |Pixar makes animations for TV commercials in order to make money. | | |Nov.

Pixar unveils a new short film, Red’s Dream. | |1988 |Winter Pixar launches the Pixar Image Computer II and starts working on the RenderMan language. | | |Sep. NeXT and IBM form a partnership to have NeXT’s system run on IBM machines. | | |Oct. 12 Steve Jobs introduces the NeXT Computer at Davies Symphony Hall in San Francisco. | | |Dec. Pixar releases its short film Tin Toy at SIGGRAPH. It will win the 1988 Academy Award for Best Animated Short Film. | |1989 |Mar. NeXT extends its distribution network with Businessland, the nation’s largest computer retail chain.

NeXT is now targeting | | |businesses in addition to higher education. | | |Jun. Canon invests $100 million in NeXT. | |1990 | | | |Apr. 30 Steve shuts down all of Pixar’s hardware operations. | | |Sep. 13 Steve introduces the NeXT Station, a cheaper computer the shape of a pizza box, and announces a partnership with Lotus to | | |make Improv available only on the NeXT platform. | |1991 |Mar. Steve Jobs fires almost half of Pixar’s staff and takes back all of the employees’ stock. | |Mar. 18 Steve marries Laurene Powell. | | |May Pixar signs a deal with Disney to make a computer-animated feature film. | | |Fall Laurene gives birth to Steve’s first son, Reed Paul. | | |Ross Perot leaves NeXT. | |1992 |Jan. NeXT licenses its operating system, NeXTSTEP. | | |Peter Van Cuylenburg is named NeXT COO at the request of Canon. He tries to have NeXT bought by Sun and Steve Jobs removed from | | |management. | |1993 |Feb. 11 NeXT gives up its hardware operations. 300 employees fired. The company is renamed NeXT Software Inc. nd specializes in | | |server software. | | |Nov. Jeffrey Katzenberg puts a halt to the development of Toy Story. | |1994 |Nov. Pixar starts working on Toy Story again. | |1995 |Feb. Steve names himself President & CEO of Pixar Animation Studios. | | |Nov. 22 Toy Story opening weekend. | | |Nov. 29 Pixar goes public. Steve Jobs, who owns 80% of its stock, is now worth $1. 5 billion on paper. | |1996 |Steve Jobs re-negotiates the deal between Pixar and Disney with Michael Eisner. He gets split production costs and revenues, total| | |creative control and equal billing. | |Dec. Apple buys NeXT for $400 million. NeXTSTEP will serve as the basis for Apple’s future operating system, and Steve Jobs is | | |named “informal adviser” to Apple CEO Gil Amelio. | |1997 |Jul. Gil Amelio is ousted by the Apple Board. Steve Jobs is named interim CEO. | | |Aug. 6 Steve Jobs introduces the new Apple Board of Directors at Macworld Boston. He then reveals a partnership between Apple and | | |Microsoft including a $150 million investment from Bill Gates’ company. | | |Summer-Fall Steve Jobs entirely reviews all aspects of Apple. |1998 |Jan. 8 Steve Jobs announces that he has managed to make Apple profitable again. | | |May 6 He introduces the iMac at the Cupertino Flint Center. | | |Nov. 25 Pixar’s A Bug Life opening day. | |1999 |Jan. 5 Steve Jobs introduced the new Power Mac G3 and the color iMacs at Macworld San Francisco. | | |Jul. 21 The original iBook is unveiled at Macworld New York with the tagline “iMac to go”. | | |Oct. 5 Introduction of the iMac DV, and the first iApp, iMovie. | | |Nov. 19 Pixar’s Toy Story 2 opening day. | |2000 |Jan. Steve Jobs officially takes over as Apple’s CEO (stripping “interim” off his title) at Macworld San Francisco. He also | | |makes the first public demo of Mac OS X with its revolutionary new user interface, Aqua. | | |Jul. 19 The Power Mac G4 Cube is unveiled at Macworld New York. | | |Fall Pixar moves to its new headquarters in Emeryville, California. | |2001 |Jan. 9 Steve Jobs unveils Apple’s Digital Hub Strategy at Macworld San Francisco. The personal computer is envisioned as the | | |center of the user’s digital lifestyle.

The second and third iApps, iTunes and iDVD, are introduced. | | |Mar. 24 Mac OS X 10. 0 ships. | | |May 19 Apple opens its first Retail Stores in Tysons Corner, Virginia and Glendale, California. | | |Jul. Apple discontinues the G4 Cube. | | |Oct. 23 Steve Jobs unveils the first iPod. | | |Nov. 2 Pixar’s Monsters Inc. opening day. | |2002 |Jan. 7 Steve unveils the stunning iMac G4 and the fourth iApp, iPhoto, at Macworld San Francisco. | | |May 14 Apple enters the server market with Xserve. | | |Jul. 7 In a bold move, Apple makes iPod compatible with the Windows platform. | |2003 |Apr. 28 Apple opens the revolutionary online iTunes Music Store in the US. It quickly garners a 70% market share of legally | | |downloaded music. | | |May 30 Pixar’s Finding Nemo opening day. The movie will be Pixar’s first Best Animated Feature Academy Award. | | |Spring Steve Jobs announces that Pixar is seeking a new distributor to replace Disney, mainly because of tensions with Disney CEO | | |Michael Eisner. | | |Jun. 3 At WWDC, Steve Jobs unveils the Power Mac G5, the world’s fastest and first 64-bit personal computer, based on an IBM | | |chip. | | |Oct. 16 iTunes for Windows is launched. | | |Fall Steve Jobs is diagnosed with pancreatic cancer. | |2004 |Jan. 6 The iPod mini is introduced at Macworld San Francisco, as well iLife, the software suite of digital-life applications | | |(including a new one, Garage Band). | | |Aug. Steve Jobs has his pancreatic cancer removed by surgery. | | |Nov. 5 Pixar’s The Incredibles opening day.

It will win the Academy Award for Best Animated Feature of 2004. | |2005 |Jan. 11 At Macworld San Francisco, Steve Jobs unveils iWork, the Mac mini, and the iPod shuffle. | | |Mar. 13 Disney announces that Bob Iger will replace Michael Eisner as Disney’s CEO. | | |Apr. 29 Mac OS X 10. 4 Tiger is released. It is widely adopted by Mac users and marks the end of the transition from Apple’s older | | |Mac OS platform to OS X. | | |Jun. 6 Steve Jobs announces that Apple is going to switch to using Intel processors in future Macs at WWDC. | | |Jun. 2 Steve Jobs makes the commencement speech at Stanford University. | | |Sep. 7 The iPod mini is discontinued, replaced by the new iPod nano. | | |Oct. 12 After introducing the iPod video, Steve Jobs invites Disney’s new CEO Bob Iger on stage to discuss Apple’s new online | | |iTunes Video Store. | |2006 |Jan. 10 Steve Jobs introduces the first two Intel-based Macs at Macworld: the iMac and the new pro laptop, the MacBook Pro, as | | |well as iWeb, the fifth iApp in the iLife suite. | | |Jan. 24 The Walt Disney Company acquires Pixar Animation

Studios for $7. 4 billion. Steve Jobs becomes the company’s largest | | |individual shareholder and sits at their board of directors. | | |Feb. 28 Apple releases its first living-room product, the iPod hi-fi. | | |Apr. 18 Steve Jobs announces Apple’s intention to erect a second campus in Cupertino to the city council. | | |May 19 Opening of the Apple Retail Store on 5th Avenue in New York. | | |Aug. 7 With the introduction of the Intel-based Mac Pro and XServe at WWDC, Apple completes the transition of its entire product | | |line to the Intel platform. |2007 |Jan. 9 At Macworld, Steve Jobs introduces Apple TV, Apple’s second product for the living room, and the long-awaited iPhone. | | |Apr. The SEC files charges against Apple’s former legal counsel Nancy Heinen and CFO Fred Anderson because of option backdating. | | |Jun. 29 iPhone is released in the US, the same day as Pixar’s Ratatouille, which will win the Academy Award for Best Animated | | |Feature Film. | | |Sep. 5 Introduction of the second multitouch device, the iPod touch. | | |Dec. 5 Steve Jobs is inducted in the California Hall of Fame by Gov.

Schwartzenegger. | |2008 |Jan. 15 Steve Jobs introduces the world’s thinnest notebook, the MacBook Air, at Macworld. | | |Mar. 6 Apple announces it will open the iPhone platform to outside developers and launch the App Store. | | |Aug. The SEC clears Steve Jobs of any responsibilities in the options backdating scandal. | | |Dec. 16 Apple announces in a press release that the company will not take part in any Macworld in the future, and that Phil | | |Schiller, not Steve Jobs, will be the keynote speaker at Macworld 2009. |2009 |Jan. 5 Steve Jobs writes an email to all Apple employees, announcing he will take a medical leave of absence for six months. | | |Apr. Steve has surgery for a liver transplant at the Methodist University Hospital in Memphis, Tennessee. | | |Aug. 28 Apple releases Mac OS X 10. 6 Snow Leopard. It is the first Intel-only version of the operating system, and is stripped off| | |any legacy from the original Mac OS. | | |Sep. 9 Steve Jobs makes his first public appearance of the year at an Apple Music Event. |2010 |Jan. 27 Steve Jobs launches the iPad, the much-anticipated Apple tablet. | Learning for Jobs Entrepreneurial features – Innovation; – Trust in success; – striving for perfectionism; – Ability to create small team of top talents; – Brand fanaticism; – Radical customer devotion; – ’killing products’ bringing ’killing profits’; – Ability to express the ideas to the team for their realization; – transforming self-interests into business interests for both the leader and his team. Conclusion:

Here we are talking about a man who has dedicated his life to giving the power of technology to the masses. He has democratized computers with the Apple II. He has made them human and even friendly with Macintosh. He has almost single-handedly made possible the desktop publishing revolution. Here is a man whose company, Apple, is so innovative its products inspire the whole high-tech world, whose corporate culture is so powerful, it has millions of fans worldwide whose following is akin to that of a cult.

Here is a man who has changed the way we all listen to music with iPod, who has shaken the music business with iTunes and the phone business with iPhone. Here is a man without whom 3D animation might have never taken off, or certainly would not have taken off the way it did thanks to Pixar. Here is a man who has made millions of lives so much easier by making technology seamless, intuitive, exciting and beautiful, instead of complicated, arcane, dull and ugly. ———————– Submitted by: • RIKTA MOHINTA (08-92652-3) KHONDOKER QUARIBUL HASAN (09-92716-1) • MATIA KHANAM (09-92843-1) • SHEIKH GOLAM MOSTOFA (09-92862-1) AMERICAN INTERNATIONAL UNIVERSITY, BANGLADESH Faculty of Business Administration Section: E, EMBA Steven Paul “Steve” Jobs is an American businessman, and the co-founder and chief executive officer of Apple Inc. Jobs previously served as CEO of Pixar Animation Studios and is now a member of the Walt Disney Company’s Board of Directors. PROJECT ON: A SUCCESSFUL INTERNATIONAL ENTERPRENEUR Course Instructor: • Mr. S. M. Zakaria Date of submission: 06, April 2010


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