Taxonomy

Term Definition
Cell the smallest unit of an organism that performs life functions
nucleus a structure found in Eukaryotic cells that contain DNA and is responsible for controlling the activities of the cell
Eukaryotic a cell containing a membrane-enclosed nucleus and organelles
Prokaryotic a cell lacking a nucleus or any other membrane-enclosed organelles
unicellular an organism made up of one single cell
multicellular an organism made up of more than one cell, and often made up of different types of cells
classification the process of grouping things based on similarities
taxonomy the branch of science that formally names and classifies organisms by their structure, function, and relationship
Domain the highest and largest rank of grouping organisms
Three groups: Archaea, Bacteria, and Eukarya
Domain Bacteria prokaryotic, single celled organism that lacks a nucleus in its cell
Domain Archaea prokaryotic, single-celled organism that lacks a nucleus in its cell and can live in extreme environments
Domain Eukarya organisms with cells that contain a nucleus
Kingdom a taxonomic rank below Domain.
6 Groups: Animalia, Fungi, Plantae, Protista, Archaea, and Eubacteria
autotroph an organism that is able to make its own food; known as a producer in food chain
heterotroph an organism that CANNOT make its own food; known as a consumer in the food chain
asexual reproduction a method of reproduction
cell theory states that all living organism are made up of 1 or more cells; cells are the basic unit of life and all cells come from other cells
Kingdom Archeabacteria unicellular, asexual, auto and heterotroph, prokaryotic organism that live in extreme environments
Kingdom Eubacteria unicellular, asexual, auto and heterotrophic, prokaryotic organism that live in moderate enviroments
Kingdom Protista uni and multicellular sexual or asexual, auto and heterotrophic, eukaryoitic organism that are microscopic
Kingdom Fungi uni and multicellular sexual or asexual, heterotrophic, eukaryotic organism; known as a decomposer in the food chain
Kingdom Plantae multicellular, sexual and asexual, autotrophs, eukaryotic organism; known as a producer in the food chain
Kingdom Animila multicellular, sexual and asexual, heterotrophs, eukaryotic organisms; known as a consumer in the food chain
×

Hi there, would you like to get such a paper? How about receiving a customized one? Check it out