taxonomy groups

Term Definition
cell the smallest unit of an organism that performs life functions
nucleus a structure found in Eukaryotic cells that contain DNA and is responsible for controlling the activities of the cell
eukaryotic a cell containing a membrane -enclosed nucleus and organelles
prokaryotic a cell lacking a nucleus or any other membrane -enclosed organelles
unicellular an organism made up of one single cell
multicellular an organism made up of more than one cell, and often made up of different types of cells
classification the process of grouping things based on similarities
taxonomy the branch of science that formally names and classifies organisms by their structure function and relationship
domain the highest and largest rank of grouping organisms three groups: archaea, bacteria, and eukarya
domain bacteria prokaryotic ,single-celled organism that lacks a nucleus in its cell this is our environment
domain archea prokaryotic , single-celled organisms that lacks a nucleus in its cell and can live in extreme enviroments
domain eukarya organisms with cells that contains a nucleus
kingdom a taxonomic rank below domain 6 groups: animilia, fungi, plantae, prosista, archea, and eubacteria
autotroph an organism that is able to make its own food;known
heterotroph an organism that is able to make its own food; known as a consumer in the food chain
asexual reproduction a method of reproduction that requires only one parent 100% DNA
sexual reproduction a method of reproduction that requires both male and female parent 50% from 1 parent 50% from 1 parent
cell theory states that all living orginisms are made up 1 or more cells; cells are the basic unit of life and all cells come from other cells
kingdom archeabacteria unicellular, asexual, auto and heterotrioph, prokaryotic organisms that live in extreme environments
kingdom eubacteria unicellular , asexual, auto and heterotroph , prokaryotic organisms that live in moderate environments
kingdom protista uni- and multicellular cellular sexual
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