Taxonomy Groups

Term Definition
cell the smallest unit of an organism that performs life functions
nucleus a structure found in Eukaryotic cells that contain DNA and is responsible for controlling the activities of the cell
Eukaryotic a cell containing a membrane-enclosed nucleus and organelles
Prokaryotic a cell containing a membrane – enclosed organelles
unicellular an organism made up of one single cell
multicellular an organism made up of more than one cell ,and often made up of different types of cells
classification the process of grouping things based on similarities
taxonomy the branch of science that formally names and classifies organisms by their structure, function and relationship
Domain the highest and largest rank of grouping organisms Three groups: Archaea, Bacteria, and Eukarya
Domain Bacteria prokaryotic , single-celled organism that lacks a nucleus in its cell
Domain Eukarya organism with cell that contain a nucleus
Kingdom a taxonomic rank below Domain 6 Groups: Animalia, Fungi, Plantae, Protista, Archaea, and Eubacteria
autotroph an organism that is able to make its own food; known as a consumer in the food chain
heterotroph an organism that CANNOT make its own food; known as a producer in food chain
asexual reproduction a method of reproduction that requires only one parent 100% DNA from 1 parent
sexual reproduction a method of reproduction that requires both male and female parent 50% from 1 parent 50% from 1 parent
cell theory states that all living organisms are made up of 1 more cells; cells are the basic unit of life and all cells come from other cells
kingdom Archeabacteria unicellular, asexual, auto and heterotroph, Prokaryotic organism that live in extreme enviroments
kingdom Eubacteria unicellular, asexual, auto and heterotroph, prokaryotic organism that live in moderate enviroments
kingdom protista uni-and multicellular sexual or asexual auto – and Heterotrophic Eukaryotic organism that are microsopic
Kingdom Fungi uni – and multicellular sexual or asexual, heterotrophic, Eukaryotic organism; known as a decomposer in the food chain
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