Taxonomy Groups

Term Definition
cell the smallest unit of an organism that preforms life functions
nucleus a structure found in eukaryotic cells that contain DNA and is responsible for controlling the activities of the cell
Eukaryotic a cell containing a membrane-enclosed nucleus and organelles
Prokaryotic a cell lacking a nucleus or any other membrane-enclosed organelles
unicellular an organism made up of one single cell
multicellular an organism made up of more than one cell, and often made up of different types of cells
classification the process of grouping things based on similarities
taxonomy the branch of science that formally names and classifies organisms by their structure function and relationship
domain the highest and largest rank of grouping organisms Three groups: Archaea,Bacteria, and Eukarya
domain bacteria prokaryotic, single-celled organisms that lacks a nucleus in it's cell
domain Eukarya organisms with cells that contain a necleus
Kingdom a taxonomic rank below Domain 6 groups: Animalia,Fungi,Plantae,Protista,Archaea,and Eubacteria
Autotroph an organism that is able to make it's own food; known as a consumer in the food chain
Heterotroph an organism that CANNOT make it's own food; know as a consumer in the food chain
asexual reproduction a method of reproducing that requires only ONE parent
100% DNA from 1 parent
sexual reproduction a method of reproduction that required both male and female parent 50% from 1 parent and 50% from 1 parent
cell theory states that all living organisms are made up of 1 or more cells;are the basic unit of life and all cells come from other cells
Kingdom Archeabacteria unicellular,asexual,auto and heterotroph, prokaryotic organism that live in EXTREME enviroments
Kingdom Eubacteria unicellular, asexual, auto and heterotroph,prokaryotic organisms that live in moderate enviroments
Kingdom Protista uni- and multi cellular sexual or asexual auto- and heterotroph eukaryotic organisms that are microscopic
Kingdom Fungi uni – and muticellular sexual or asexual, heterotrophic,eukaryotic organisms; known as a decomposer in the food chain
Kingdom Plantae Multicellular,sexual and asexual,autotrophs, eukaryaotic organisms; known as a producer in the food chain
Kingdom Animilia multi cellular, sexual and asexual, autotrophs,eukaryotic organisms; known as a consumer in the food chain

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