Technical Education Scenario In India -Impact, Success Till Now and Challenges Quite afresh, I engaged In a healthy conversation with my teacher who was very cynical about the condition of technical education in India. She asked me a very simple question- why is a majority of the modern research activity taking place In the US itself and not in countries with much more population like India? I had an expeditious reply to this question in my mind and I quickly said that it’s because of the lower literacy rate here. He then did some statistical data analysis for me and intended that in spite of that, India boasts of a larger populace of educated men and women than America and added that this still doesn’t concern the research and development comparison between both the countries. L, again, was impetuous in my remark that there are fewer incentives and very less scope in India as compared to that present in the US.
I don’t know if I was marginally right or not, but she again looked up Wisped and told that we had an Immeasurable number of technical universities and colleges as compared to the “developed” countries and hence, obviously, humongous workforce to implement proper education. I felt lost with the facts that I was facing. Everything seems so nicely set up and the cogwheels seem to be working quite perfectly, but still the result that comes out of this ‘education machine’ is quite dilly when compared to the contemporary giants in the same context.
Technical Education plays a crucial role in the growth of human resources by generating skilled manpower, enhancing industrial productivity and the quality of life. Technical education offers courses and programmed in engineering, technology, management, architecture, town planning, pharmacy, applied arts, hotel management and catering technology. Technical education in India is coordinated by the All India Council for Technical Education (CITE). Which is the statutory body for proper planning and development of the technical education system.
Over the years India has registered a substantial performance in technical education, which Is being further accelerated by the policy of economic reforms and liberation’s. Indian policy makers have recognized the importance of technical education for nation building and have provided full policy support and public funding to create one of the world’s largest technical education systems. Subsequently, measures are being taken to Improve the quality of technical education by greater use of technology In the teaching-learning processes.
Engineering and technical education has been a driving force for human development In the wider sense and has an Impact on technological development and competitiveness. However, most technical Institutions/enlistees have not been able to maintain high standards of engineering education and are unable to keep pace with international developments. The lag Is attributed to limited financial support from the government and a slew of intros.
I feel the need to cite these lines from a related article in Wisped regarding technical education in India-“The number of graduates coming out of technical colleges increased to over 700,000 in 2011 from 550,000 in FYI 2010. However, 75% of technical graduates and more than 85% of general graduates are unemployable by Indian’s high-growth global industries, including information technology. ” With the planning commission doing much of the requisite which can be done on their part to better the tech education scenario in India, and various institutions being deemed of sectional importance, like the Its and Lilts etc. There is not much we can blame the government with for the output that we are getting of all the hefty investment in the technical education sector. At present, India is generating a technical manpower of about 10 lake but still ranks very low in HID or knowledge economy index. Any student in one of these technical institutions of India would easily perceive the basic crunch that causes the whole of this issue. There is a discernible absence of the knack to innovate in the pursuit of technical education here. Two plain facts loud be enough to make this issue crystal clear.
First, there are selected few institutions like Its which boast of the best technically trained and oriented youth crowd. Secondly, the affluent private firms and reputed companies crave to take up these gifted people from these institutes themselves and then only spare a look at other universities in India. Now when the most educationally blessed crowd is working xx for private money-printers, there are less really intelligent people who would willingly take up research and higher studies instead of getting placed and titled.
And when they do, it’s quite clear that they don’t produce as the country expects from them. The demand for technical professionals has increased in India; consequently professional courses are attracting more students. China is producing maximum number of engineering graduates, followed by India, while a marginal decline was noticed in USA. However number of engineers per million persons was highest in India among the emerging economies. Overseas migration rate of students for higher education is also increasing.
USA is the favorite destination for all foreign dents. A major problem hindering the excellence of the Indian Universities in the past was their affiliating nature. And the progress of technical education was hampered due to the lack of government support and funds as also an alienation of the university model from European and American ones in particular, which were research and industry oriented and professor centric rather than bureaucracy centric.
All the time from independence Upton now, there has not been much of an increase in the PhD output of Indian institutions, summing less than one-sixths of the benchmark set by US and other European nations. India has a large system of engineering and technical education and produces thousands of engineering graduates every year, though the issue of quality is debatable. A high quality engineer or technician can obviously be created only sustainable.
I Norte, Issues AT availability AT quality manpower, learners In research and development in technical and engineering education, are of utmost importance which needs to be addressed properly. This requires focusing on accessible learning, affordable learning, and applicable learning. Curricular reform faculty development and promotion of a spirit of entrepreneurship and innovation are imperative and compelling.
Finally, the universities and institutions should ado more Job and object-oriented engineering education curricula linked with industries and research organizations to meet the present and future challenges of rapid technological changes and industrial development in India. Nevertheless, all this very much speaks of the progress that these initiatives have achieved up till now. Several new initiatives have been effected such as the Technology Development Missions, modernization and removal of Obsolescence, research and development etc.
The thrust areas of technical education is to provide project based financial support for creation of infrastructure in terms of modern laboratories in the thrust areas, a strong base for advanced level work by identifying programmed and courses by institutions, taking into account the country’s and regional needs with special attention to rural society and disadvantaged sections a develop horizontal and vertical linkages with other institutions, research laboratory industry and user agencies through multiplicity of programmed including consultancy.
Different state governments have taken a variety of initiatives to promote IT education. In addition, several innovations are taking place outside the Government system. The success of technical education in India lies in the fact that now we have self-sufficient Indian companies who are rich in innovation and have sufficient set of Indian technical workforce, and are giants in the international arena We don’t require workers from abroad as now we have developed the ability to induce our labor to the required potential. Entrepreneurship has been on the rise ever since and Indians are setting examples of the same for the world.
There has been a huge increase in students’ preference to take up engineering and technology after they leave high school. This has even gone to such an extent where one cannon see much scope in anything apart from engineering. Things are on the rise now, eve if all the things are yet to be set into place. Technical Education has definitely changed the norms by which people used to define them, generated numerous opportunities for Indians and created paths by which a student in India can stay equal to a student anywhere on the globe. It relate to the overall technological progress all around the world and hence is uniformly normalized for all.
Its scope is flexible and although it does not guarantee us Indian more Pads and more Nobel Prizes and more research-related drudgery, it definitely promises us to lead us somehow to progress and to a state which has to be undoubtedly better than where we currently stand. Asian Rakish TIFT accessible learning, affordable learning, and applicable learning. Curricular reforms, are imperative and compelling. Finally, the universities and institutions should adopt more Job and object-oriented engineering education curricula linked with industries research and development etc.
The thrust areas of technical education is to provide laboratories in the thrust areas, a strong base for advanced level work by identifying regional needs with special attention to rural society and disadvantaged sections and develop horizontal and vertical linkages with other institutions, research laboratories, now we have self-sufficient Indian companies who are rich in innovation and have a efficient set of Indian technical workforce, and are giants in the international arena. En a huge increase in students’ preference to take up engineering and technology after they leave high school. This has even gone to such an extent where one cannot see much scope in anything apart from engineering. Things are on the rise now, even which a student in India can stay equal to a student anywhere on the globe. It relates normalized for all. Its scope is flexible and although it does not guarantee us Indians, more Pads and more Nobel Prizes and more research-related drudgery, it definitely