Texonomic Groups

Term Definition
cell the smallest unit of an organism that performs life functions
nucleus a structure found in eukaryota cells that contain DNA and is responsible for controlling the activities of the cell
Eukaryotic a cell containing a membrane -enclosed nucleus and organelles
Prokaryotic a cell lacking a nucleus or anything other membrane-enclosed organelles
unicellular an organism made up of one single cell
multicellular an organism made up of more than one cell,and often made up of different types of cells
classification the process of grouping things based on similarities
taxonomy the branch of science that formally names and classifies
Domain the highest and largest rank of grouping organisms
Three groups : Archaea,Bacteria,and Eukarya
Domain Bacteria prokaryotic,single-celled organism that lacks a necleus in its cell
Domain Archaea prokaryotic ,single-celled organism that lacks a nucleus in its cell and can live in extreme environments
Domain Eukarya organisms with cells that contain a necleus
Kingdom a taxonomic rank below Domain
6 groups: Animalia,Fungi,Platae,Protista,Archaea,and Eubacteria
autotroph an organism that is able to make its own food,known as a producer in food chain
hetreotroph an organism that CANNOT make its own food,known as a consumer in the food chain
asexual reproduction a method of reproduction that requires only one parent 100% DNA from 1 parent
sexual reproduction a method of reproduction that requires both male and female parent 50% from 1 parent and 50% from the other parent
cell theory states that all living organisms are made up of 1 or more cells;cells are the basic unit of life and all cells come from other cells
Kingdom Bacteria unicellular,asexual,auto and heterotroph,prokaryotic organism that live in moderate environments
Kingdom Eubacteria unicellular,asexual,auto and heterotroph,prokaryotic organisms that live in moderate enviroments
Kingdom Protista uni- and multi cellular sexul or asexual auto- and heterotrophic eukaryotic organism that are microscopic
Kingdom Fungi uni- and multi cellular sexual or asexual,heterotrophic,eukaryotic organism;known as a decomposer in the food chain
Kingdom Plantae multicellular,sexual and asexual,autotrophs,eukaryotic organism;known as a producer in the food chain
Kingdom Animilia multicellular,sexual and asexual,heterotrophs,eukaryotic organisms;known as a consumer in the food chain

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