The Bengal Tiger Essay

The Bengal tiger is a carnivorous, mammal
primarily from India. It lives in habitats such
as the coniferous Himalayan Forest, the mangroves
of the Sunderbans, the hills of the Indian
Peninsula, or the forests of Rajasthan and
Northern India. At one time Bengal tigers were
scattered throughout Asia. Now they are generally
found in India and some regions of Bangledesh,
Bhutan, Nepal, and Myanmar. There is
approximately 4,000 alive in the wild now, and
about 300 are in captivity in zoos around the
world.
Bengal tiger’s are one of the largest and most
feared cats in the cat family.An adult tiger
can weigh any where from 350 to 550 pounds. The
adult males weigh an average of 480 pounds, while
the females weigh about 300. Their body lengths
are between 6 and 9 feet long! A Bengal tiger
hunts primarily deer, wild pigs, water buffalo,
birds and other small mammals. When driven from
hunger a this tiger will eat almost anything.
Crocodiles, lizards, fish, and even humans are
eaten by a frustrated Bengal tiger. They eat meat
and only meat. Their style of attack is differant
from the cheetah’s and the lion’s; who hunt in
open habitats. Although it is a heavier predator
than that of the lion and cheetah, it averages
about 50 deer a year. Bengal tigers need a wide
forest-like areas to hunt their prey. They are
known to hunt alone, but have been found to hunt
in packs. These tigers are semi-nocturnal, because
they sometimes hunt at night. They use flying
tactics and force their victims by attacking the
throat and spine. Tigers aren’t successful
hunters, they succeed about once out of every ten
attempts.
A Bengal tiger is known for its elegant coat and
its eyes that seem to stare at you as if you were
its prey. Their coat has colors of a reddish tan,
shading to white underneath. But the real
elegance of its coat is the black stripes which
run uneven down its body. Its fur is thick and
short. Its facial features consist of long thick
whiskers, beady eyes,long sharp pointy teeth, and
pointed ears. Its whiskers are used for sensing
its prey. These luxurious beady eyes have great
vision and are extremely needed for hunting. Its
hearing varies with the tiger, the more well
developed the ear, the better its hearing will be.
Its teeth and jaw are essential for hunting
because they are needed to attack the neck of
their prey to either snap its neck or to let it
bleed to death.
Bengal tigers are special because they stand out
against other mammals. They have certain
characteristics that not many other cats have.
They are excellent swimmers, and they take
advantage of man-made roads and trails. As cubs
their mothers can tell them apart by the white ear
spots and even the cub uses this characteristic to
find its mother in dim forests. Some studies have
even shown that females permit their daughters to
take over their home ranges.
Humans have turned against the Bengal tigers and
as a result they are now endangered of being
extinct. About one tiger is killed every day for
sport, its coat, and for some sorts of medical
remedies. This tiger has had superstition around
if for centuries and its legends are getting them
killed. Some superstitions include; necklaces
made of its claws are said to ward away evil
spirits from children, whiskers are used for
deadly poisons, aphrodisiacs, or an aid at
childbirth. Pelts are in demand for rugs, fur
coats, and wall fixtures. The poacher’s main
demand is for the bones and other parts for
medicines. Poachers are killing these tigers
everyday and do not even care they might some day
become extinct because of what they are doing.


Bengal tigers aren’t just becoming extinct
because of poachers, their environments are being
destroyed. Their habitats are being destroyed
everyday and the tigers are dieing because of it.
By moving a tiger into an area where its not used
to living it can destroy the whole eco-system in
that area leaving many dead animals other than the
Bengal tiger.

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Certain zoos and programs have been set up to
save these tigers but these efforts and not
working successfully. Many sanctuaries are
designed for an adequate, safe environment, for
Bengal Tigers to live in. The only problem with
these shelters is the majority of the time the
tigers do not breed properly. Once the tigers are
brought in, they even lose their killer instinct
to hunt on their own, because everything is being
provided for them. So when they are set free many
of them die. The Bengal tiger is an extraudinary
animal with many extraudinary characteristics, but
someday they might not have them anymore because
they will be extinct. People around the world
should realize not just this animal, but all the
other animals which are endangered of becoming
extinct and maybe someday we can find a home where
nature can take its course.

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