Salinger uses a assortment of techniques to develop the major subjects of The Catcher in the Rye. The statement that ‘Salinger uses a assortment of techniques to develop the major subjects of The Catcher in the Rye’ is true in a figure of of import ways. The major subjects of the fresh include the jobs of disaffection. sexual individuality and get the better ofing personal loss within the context of the overall construct of interior journey. Salinger employs techniques such as “unreliable narrator” . conversational “spoken” sentence structure and dramatic sarcasm combined with symbolism and the usage of repeating motives. The combined effects of these techniques confirm the overall thesis of the novel in its word picture of the psychological development and battle of the supporter Holden Caufield to get the better of the anomic conditions of his life. The ultimate victory of Holden’s humanity in the arresting epiphany that efficaciously concludes the narrative raises this novel to the degree of a modern classic. The subject of disaffection is cardinal to an apprehension of the overall construct of interior journey in The Catcher in the Rye.
For illustration. the technique of the “unreliable narrator” is used efficaciously by Salinger to make the character of a baffled and scared character who can non happen his topographic point in the universe. This can be shown when Holden narrates that “some things are difficult to remember” in the context of his battle with Stradlater in chapter 6. Holden attacked Stradlater because he was filled with unmanageable fury when he believed Stradlater had had sex with Jane Gallagher ( an old childhood friend of Holden ) . Holden can non gestate and joint his feelings in this state of affairs and hence can non reliably inform the respondent consequently. It is possible that he is driven by a combination of sexual defeat and his subconscious desire to protect the sexual artlessness of kids. The overall consequence of this technique is to show that he can non sufficiently grok his true topographic point in the universe and is hence alienated from it. Alienation is a hard obstruction for Holden to get the better of. This is made obvious with the usage of first individual narrative.
Holden would frequently mention to people as being ‘phony’ . In the saloon. Holden narrates “I was surrounded by phonies” and intentionally excludes himself from the crowd. Holden besides excludes himself from the general society. An illustration is when Holden is speaking to Ernest Morrow’s female parent. Mrs Morrow ( Ernest is a fellow pupil of Holden’s at Pency ) . Holden tells Mrs Morrow that his name is “Rudolf Schmidt” but so admits that that “was the name of the janitor” of his residence hall at Pency Prep. the school he used to go to. He besides lies to Mrs Morrow stating the ground why he was out of school is because he had to hold surgery but admits he was sorry for lying. “I was right off regretful I’d said it. but it was excessively late” . The overall usage of first individual narrative allows us. as the reader. to cognize what Holden is verbally stating but what he is really believing.
Sexual development and individuality is a large issue for Holden. one where he is confused and does non understand. The satirical observations of which Holden uses to place people efficaciously shows how Holden wantonnesss state of affairss of which he could potentially hold sexual intercourse. An illustration is when Holden is presented with a cocotte named Sunny. In the quotation mark “The crossed her legs and started joggling this one pes up and down. She was really nervous. for a prostitute” . Sunny is portrayed as a immature kid through Holden’s perspective therefore Holden rejects the chance for sexual intercourse. Another illustration is when Holden attempts to ‘flirt’ with the misss in the saloon. “What they did. though. the three of them. when I did it. they started tittering like morons” . The misss merely laugh at Holden because he is excessively immature for them. It can be concluded from the quotation marks and the usage of satirical observations that Holden does non cognize his ain sexual standing and position. The job of get the better ofing personal loss of a loved one is what affects Holden the most. Salinger uses repeating motives combined with symbolism to show Holden’s psychological province of head.
The repeating motive of the ruddy hunting chapeau is a manner Holden copes with the decease of his brother Allie. The ruddy hunting hat represents Allie as Holden narrates that Allie had red hair. “I’ll state you what sort of ruddy hair he had” . Another account of the ruddy hunting chapeau is that Holden is holding problem turning up as he admits to moving immature for his age. This is supported by the quotation mark “I act rather immature for my age sometimes. It’s truly ironical. because I’m six pes two and a half and I have grey hair” . Another repeating motive is the ducks at Central Park. Holden inquiries several people about the ducks and none of them provide a satisfactory reply. Holden asks Horwitz. a cab driver. “Do you happen to cognize where they go in the wintertime. by any opportunity? ” One possible account of why Holden is so funny of the ducks is because they symbolise him and he confused with his ain hereafter. The usage of these repeating motives allows us to research and patch together Holden’s psychological province of head. Salinger decidedly incorporates a assortment of literary techniques to develop the major subjects of The Catcher in the Rye. The clever usage of undependable and first individual narrative. satirical observations. symbolism and repeating motives clearly show the word picture of the supporter Holden Caufield. These techniques have besides shown the major subjects of the novel and the overall construct of interior journey.
The “City of Ember” is a must read book and after reading the first book of the series you will desire to complete the series. It is about an belowground small town that lives there for many centuries and eventually their supplies run out. The villagers don’t cognize what to make until a younger girl discoveries waies to acquire the people out of there. No 1 will believe her. nevertheless. she and another immature male child follow the waies and happen themselves above land. non cognizing anything about this topographic point. Then they find a hole that leads down the “City of Ember where the villagers are and they tie a stone to the waies and bead in the hole so the villagers can happen. The narrative terminals and everyone made it up above land for the first clip in their lives. The “City of Ember” and The Cask of Amontillado are two wholly different narratives that portion similar lessons. While The “City of Ember” by Jeanne DuPrau and The Cask of Amontillado by Edgar Allen Poe have different motives for the belowground scene. they both have similar lessons such as resistance is a puting for catastrophe. every individual has the ability to be a hero or a scoundrel. and no 1 can foretell what the hereafter might keep.
Edgar Allen Poe wrote The Cask of Amontillado with the bulk of the short narrative taking topographic point in an belowground cemetery. which is sort of the same scene as Embers. In today society. non much happens beneath the surface of the Earth. nevertheless. both writers were someway encourage to hold the narrative take topographic point below the surface of the Earth. The writers. besides. used being belowground as a disadvantage to the characters in the narrative and this causes the flood tide of the narrative and where the jobs are introduced. To society. underneath the Earth surface is a scene for a catastrophe. of all time since we were childs. our parents would state us that down is where snake pit is and that is why we get the image that resistance is a bad topographic point. These writers besides used this point of position to assist the readers understand that where these characters are is a bad topographic point.
The biggest similarities of these two narratives. is the resemblance ofFortunato and the villagers of Embers. Both Fortunato and the villagers are stuck belowground to decease everlastingly. If you think about it Fortunato and the villagers are in the same state of affairs the whole clip. Fortunato is chained and so bricked in deep underneath so one on can hear him and his lone option is to decease a slow painful decease. because no 1 can salvage him. The villagers are stuck in this metropolis with nowhere to travel. They are destroying out of nutrient and supplies. which makes it impossible to last and the villagers don’t know of anybody in the outside universe to come and salvage them. Montresor is the character in The Cask of Amontillado that is killing Fortunato and in the procedure Montresor mentally tortures him and makes every bit worse as possible for Fortunato.
The same thing happens to the villagers. when the generator shuts down for every bit long as half an hr. The metropolis is pitch black during this clip and no 1 can see or travel. because they don’t cognize what is in forepart of them. The whole clip the power is out people shriek and call and are merely mentally tortured until the visible radiations come back on. Every twenty-four hours the black out gets longer and happens more frequently. The whole small town is scared to decease about what happens when the power doesn’t come back on. Fortunato and the villagers both with in the class of the narrative know that there is a good possibility they will be trapped in that topographic point and be left for dead.
With in the class of each narrative. the narrative line wholly alterations. In The Cask of Amontillado. Fortunato is left there everlastingly. with no to of all time hear from him once more. In the “City of Ember. ” two unexpected people save the full small town. Two adolescents populating in Embers find this note and set their life on the line to salvage their full small town. The two narratives follow the same narrative line until the really terminal and that when the narrative go in complete opposite waies. That is why one narrative is called a distorted narrative and why the other is a narrative about two heroes.
These two narratives are non really popular and most people would non hold read this narrative unless you were force to in high school. However. if people sat down and read one of these books they could larn that people can surprise you in life. No 1 would hold thought that two adolescents would salvage a whole small town on a intuition. Besides. no 1 would hold thought that Montresor would kill Fortunato merely for aching and doing merriment of Montresor. Montresor didn’t merely kill Fortunato. but Montresor tortured Fortunat before Montresor left him their to decease.
The “City of Ember” is a book that you will non desire to set down. The Cask of Amontillado is a book that you can’t set down. because it is a really interesting and besides short. Even though The Cask of Amontillado was written over a 150 old ages before the “City of Ember. ” both books were really similar and taught some of the same lessons. The narratives portion similar life lesson and can be read by anyone. Even though The Cask of Amontillado is a classical short narrative. it can still associate to current times. like the “City of Embers. ”
Poe. Edgar Allen. “The Cask of Amontillado. ” The Norton Introduction To Literature. 9th erectile dysfunction. New York: Norton. 2004. 123-28. Print. DuPrau. Jeanne. City of Ember. Listening Library: n. p. . 2004. Print.