The Factors Influencing The Built Environment Construction Essay


The proposal assumes the function of a developer presenting to the client. This will assist the client to understand the factors act uponing the Built Environment ( Moxon Street ) site. The site would be developed for a ‘Student Accommodation ‘ . Though inside informations of the site are non given in the study but an overview of all the factors that would impact the site development, the techniques used, the safeguards ought to be taken, etc. It is a general description of how a site will be developed maintaining in head the wellness, safety & A ; public assistance and the environmental deductions from the development of the site.

Section 3

In a reinforced environment it is necessary for the Designer to cut down the wellness hazards that occur from the building work and besides to supply for the safety and public assistance to the workers.

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So Health, Safety and Welfare play an of import in the design procedure. It can be farther divided into phases.

The Design procedure which is a benchmark to place the wellness hazards that arises from the design every bit good as extinguish the risky to a sensible extent. An onsite registry can besides be maintained in this respect to demo that we have to see the onsite hazards. It would be compulsory for the chemicals contained in the merchandise to be registered under REACH.

For Health Hazard the services of a CDM coordinator will be hired and certain constituents would be assembled off site which would cut down the wellness jeopardy on site.

The undertaking hazard reappraisal gateways will be linked to RIBA at the program of works phases. There is a demand for systematic hazard appraisal and solution will be assessed on the footing of hazard control hierarchy.

There would be a Red-Amber-Green list which can assist the interior decorator to place and besides to contradict the jeopardies and to command hazards every bit far as possible.

The Development will hold a negative impact on the environment. The Council stipulates that necessary Environment Impact Assessment and Environmental Performance Statement should be portion of the development programs. The design should hold commissariats for natural sunshine, airing of air, energy ingestion, etc. This should be able to cut down air and noise pollution. This will assist the developer to make good will for himself every bit good. There will be extremist low flower lavatory which would cut down the usage of H2O.

There are certain Risks Assessments which are to be carried out for the wellness and safety of the employees on site.

They would be in respect of-

As per the ‘Control of Substance risky to wellness ‘ ordinance safeguard would be taken by a systematic attack. The services of an Agency would be hired for workplace monitoring for harmful dust, blues, exhausts and gases. This would be done as per the Workplace Exposure Limits given by E40.

European Union Noise at work ordinance would besides be considered as per the guidelines-

The 1st and 2nd Action Levels are 80dB ( A ) and 85dB ( A ) severally. 1st and 2nd Peak Action Levels of 135dB ( C ) and 137dB ( C ) Peak severally. A Maximal Exposure Level Limit of 87dB ( A ) and 140dB ( C ) Peak at the ear will be introduced which includes any hearing protection.

There would be due consideration given to Fire Risk appraisal of Catering Extract Systems with respects to the guidelines-

BSRIA – Fire Hazard Assessment – Catering Extract Ventilation

Regulative Reform Fire Safety Order ( RRFSO ) 2005

HVCA DW172 Specification for Kitchen Ventilation Systems.

Indoor Air Quality Sick Building Syndrome would be identified as this will impact the wellness of the residents of the edifice. This complains could originate from a peculiar room or floor but could hold a permanent impact on all the residents.

Odour Threshold analysis would besides be conducted. This is associating to the unusual odor i.e. , presence of volatile organic compounds in the edifice that could impact the wellness to the residents. The bulk of these volatile organic compounds are present in really low concentrations i.e. 0.1-1ppb ( parts per billion ) .A

Legionella hazard Appraisals and Asbestos Identification Surveys would be conducted every bit good. This would be in conformity with the Approved Code of Practice and Guidance L8, Legionnaires ‘ disease


There would be a Multi subject attack taken in the hazard direction in the design procedure. This will be fruitful because of the huge experience of the Architect, Consultant, Engineer ; etc would be integrated right from the design procedure.

Design Implication

This all will assist us to hold a safe and a sound design which would extinguish the jeopardies to the wellness and safety of the workers every bit good as of the residents. This will besides assist us to cut down the environmental impact of the built environment.

Primary Servicess Utilities

It is necessary to suit these services in the early phases of the design procedure.

There should be early checking of handiness of these services

Early determination on intended location of such services on the site

This will guarantee that there is a proper program in topographic point and will besides assist us to avoid complications in the hereafter.

Commissariats should be made for-





Sewage services

If there are issues with the handiness of any of these services than a determination can be taken at the early phases of the design procedure.

The Location of these services would be depended as per the acceptable model provided by RIBA Plan of Work 2007. This will help the design squad to be after, co-ordinate and besides to hold a definite attack to the assorted services.

Entry to the edifice would be given from all the four sides with the chief entryway from the forepart of the edifice.

There can besides be distribution and scaling down of different services done by the Designers to run into the demands of our development.

The commissariats for handiness and the care of these services would be done at the early phases of the design procedure. We would engage competent staff which would look after the care of these services with an entree given to them on each floor for easy care and fix.

The environmental deductions of these services would be-

Make a sustainable environment for the communities

Protect public wellness by giving safe imbibing H2O, effectual sanitation services, etc

Safely recycling waste

Comply to the full with all the environmental statute law

These above safeguards and attacks will assist us to accomplish effectual direction of services with regular care and besides supplying with a safe environment for the community.

The Water extraction will be done by the he liquid pealing vacuity pump contains a duplicate start coiling rotor mounted eccentrically in a cylindrical pump shell and is designed to pump liquids or combinations of liquid, air and all right solids through long suction lines, bring forthing suction lifts to up to 8.5m.

For the waste Disposal there will be a Site Waste Management Plan ( SWMP ) in line with the DTI Code of Practice and associated good pattern counsel. On completion the new edifice should be capable to Post Occupancy rating.

Global Warning

The edifice designs will be based on the UKCIP ‘medium high emanation scenario ‘ instead than that which is based on historical informations. UKCIP predicted that the mean temperature in UK will lift by 3.5 grade by 2080, therefore a assorted manner airing stems integrating the passive and mechanical airing coupled with high thermic mass and complete solar shading are likely to get by with the effects of the clime alteration. Mayor of London commissioned a study saying that London is the most susceptible to deluging than any other urban country in the UK. The site is non in the Zone 3 established by the Westminster Council that specifies countries the countries affected during inundations.

In order to understate the energy demand of the edifice we must increase the efficiency in the edifice envelope, utilizing high efficiency Windowss, insularity in walls, ceilings and floors will be used. Passive solar edifice design could besides be used. This will understate energy demand.

In order to command emanation to H2O point of H2O intervention would be used. This improves the quality of H2O and besides reduces the sum of H2O in circulation. Non-sewage would be used on site which would minimise demand on the local authorization.

There would be a good thermal insularity system in topographic point this would understate the emanation to air. The antique filtration of warm air would ensue for 30 % of the heat loss through a edifices envelope. A air escape trial would be carried out every bit good.

Renewable Energy Issues

Technical- The site will hold a-

Solar energy engineering

Heat pumps

Energy from waste


This will assist to cut down the impact on the environment.

Economic- Initially the cost of the machines would be higher than the conventional equipments but over a period of clip there would be a batch of nest eggs due to a lessening in the measures.

Social- This will hold a positive impact on the residents and the community. The C and the fuel emanation would be quiet low. This would stand in dued the jeopardies caused to the wellness and safety of the people.

Scope of Sustainable building technique includes-





Landfill gas


Waste to Energy

84 KW air current generator

Double exterior walls with foam insularity

Radiant slab heat for extra energy storage

Section 4

The Health and Safety at Work Act 1974 describes the hazards associated with the building industry and narrates the specific proviso which ought to be taken to contradict the danger.

The CDM ordinance 2007 encourages co ordination and co-operation among the assorted parties of the undertaking. It works towards doing wellness and safety an built-in portion of planing and building. It recognises the jeopardies in the planning and building phase of the undertaking and helps to take disciplinary stairss.

The building wellness, safety and public assistance ordinance 1996 are a set of regulations to protect the wellness and safety of the people engaged on the site and the people who may be affected by the work. It is a cusp which describes the ordinance and safeguards to be taken by the people on the site.

The chief focal point of the Management of the Health and safety at plants ordinance 1999 is to cut down the harm on the site and to make a action program for the exigencies. There is a demand to follow with the specific ordinance of the industry.

Plants at Heights Regulations 2005 is concerned with the hurt that could happen to a employee as a consequence of a autumn. It covers both the internal and the external countries of the edifice. There is present no height bound. It places responsibilities on the individuals who control the work on the site to take necessary attention and safeguard.

The Hazard appraisals


Potential injury

Person Exposed




Measures and Action




Working at tallness

Cuts, possible decease





Ensure extended usage of MEWP




Traveling vehicle

Bruising, broken castanetss





Merely certifies employees to drive the vehicle




Falling objects

Bruising, broken castanetss


general populace




All non-staff members wear difficult chapeaus every bit good




Entry for Public entree

Cuts, contusing

General populace




No entry for public and if there are non-staff members they should be accompanied by the staff




Structure harm

Broken castanetss, possible decease


General populace




Briefing all the staff and the non members of the danger it possesses




Method Statement

Site Foundation

The site has a assorted construction type up to 30 meters. So mechanical handling is indispensable. There should be no public entree until the building work is complete. Adequate security is to be provided to see there is no larceny or harm to the site. The site will be developed in two stages.

Loading/Unloading of stuffs

As the undertaking is conducted in two stages here is sufficient infinite at the corner of the site for the burden and unloading of stuffs. This would besides give rise to some hazards but it would be handled by the experient staff that operates the machines.


Non-maintenance of machine will present a great menace to the workers engaged in site development. So a good care agenda is needed to cut down the demand of replacing. All machines should hold the current safety review certification and the individual runing it should besides be certified.

Electrical Equipment

There is a demand to maintain a cheque on the conditions of the equipments.

Weather Condition

When there are insecure a state of affairs originating from the conditions conditions the authorization is given to the site chief to take the safeguard which is deemed necessary.

Individual Safety Clothing

Individual safety vesture will be provided on site and it is necessary to have on them at all times.

Safety Systems of Work

It is divided into three parts

It analyses the undertaking at manus

Hazards caused to wellness, safety and public assistance

Precautions to be taken to extinguish the jeopardies

It is an extension of the Risk appraisals and the method statement

All this should take topographic point from the planning phase, the design and besides on the building phase.

( Example included in the appendix )

Site Induction and Training

It is the legal duty of the employer to supply initiation and preparation relating to the jeopardies and hazard associated to the wellness and safety of the employees and the contractors.

It includes-

The range of work

Comfortss on the site such as lavatory, H2O, etc

Safety regulations in topographic point

Safety processs for high hazard building activity

PPE required to be worn

First assistance agreements on the site

Good Site direction

It is necessary to engage Project Manager for a good site direction. They coordinate all design and building procedure. They assist the site from the development phase to the existent completion of the site. As the size of the undertaking is sensible there is a demand to engage a Undertaking Manager.

Health and Safety Signage

site safety signconstruction multi mark 1

Personal Protective Equipment

Safety footwear

Hard chapeaus

High visibleness waist coats


Life jackets

Safety harness

Insulated vesture for inauspicious climatic status



Checklists is required for the safety of the employees on site

It is necessary for- ;


Powered Access equipments

Roof Work


Stephen cranes


Hazardous substance

Noise, etc.

Functions and Responsibility of the assorted parties under CDM 2007


Competence of the contractors

Suitable agreements for the public assistance installations

Provide pre building information to the interior decorators and contractors

Planing Supervisor

Help the client

Notify HSE

Co ordinate wellness and safety in respects to plan

Ensure good communicating on the site

Prepare and update wellness and safety file

Interior designers

Reduce hazard during design

To look into whether the CDM carbon monoxide coordinator is been appointed

Make client aware of his responsibility


Prepare and develop a written program

Site regulations

Ensure suited public assistance installations are provided

Ensure proper initiation and preparation is provided to the workers


Manage and proctor ain work and besides of his workers

Train ain employees

Supply them information

Comply with the demands of the portion 4 of the ordinances


Report hazards

Check competency

Co-operate with each other

Health and safety Officer

Check that wellness and safety agreements are made

Report any hazards

Impose all right if there are unequal agreements

Supply Chain

The stuffs are available in the free market nevertheless there are some stuffs which would be procured locally and some internationally through Wholesale Agency for Environmental friendly stuffs.

International Procurement

Brooding coatings and non constructions

Phase alteration stuff

High efficiency insularity system

Solar warmers

Local Procurement




Pre cast constructions


Electrical Adjustments



Wood for Flooring, etc.

The entree of the truck and the bringing of the stuff would be from the front entryway of the site with a possible proviso at the back terminal of the site for the issue.

A impermanent warehouse would be constructed at the corner of the site depending on the building stage. The handling of the stuff would be done by the employees who are trained beforehand.

The eight regulations of managing are included in the appendix

Sustainability of resources

Recycling installations would be provided for paper and glass and with fabric and plastics. Waste minimization techniques will besides be used to cut down waste and it will bifurcate into clean rubble, lumber, general chemical waste, etc.

Recycled and Eco friendly stuffs list is provided in the appendix

Embodied energy issues

We will seek to include more renewable stuffs in the undertaking which has lower embodied energy than non renewable stuffs.

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Concrete produces 1 metric ton of C dioxide for every metric ton manufactured.

Waste intervention and direction techniques are of import for bio degradability of stuffs at the terminal of their utile life.

The techniques used are-

Combustion or gasification

Anaerobic digestion

Mechanical intervention

Biological intervention

Modern Method of Construction

It includes ready- made walls, floor and roof which are transported and so assembled on the site. They make building faster. It besides includes modular Kitchen, Bathroom, Furniture, etc which are mill fitted and assist in decrease of undertaking continuance and besides on site environmental jeopardies. The MMC houses are besides energy efficient. Because merely piecing is done on the site there are fewer accidents and produces less noise and dust. It besides has a less impact on the local occupants.


( The mentioned sites were accessed on 21st and 22nd of December 2009 )

Constructing a Better Quality of Life: a scheme for sustainable building. DETR ( 2000 )

Sustainable Development Action Plan for Education and Skills. Department for Education and Skills ( 2003 ) .

Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design ( LEED ) . US Green Constructing Council ( 2001 ) .

Environmental Performance Indicators for Sustainable Construction – The Movement for Innovation ( M4I )

Sustainable Construction. Higher Education Partnership for Sustainability ( HEPS ) . ( 2002 )

Building Research Establishment Environmental Assessment Method ( BREEAM ) – Building Research Establishment ( 2002 ) .

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