Atticus influences Scout to be brave, honest, and civilized. He says “ I wanted you to see what existent bravery is, alternatively of acquiring the thought that bravery is a adult male with a gun in his manus. ” ( Pg. 116 ) He is seeking to enforce the thought of making the right thing even though others might doubt youhim. His finding to support Tom Robinson causes Jem and Scout to acquire a batch of heartache from others in the town. Atticus tries to explicate to Scout why he ‘s making what he ‘s making in this instance. “ If you should n’t be defendin ‘ him, so why are you doin ‘ it? ” “ For a figure of grounds, ” said Atticus. “ The chief 1 is, if I did n’t I could n’t keep up my caput in town, I could n’t stand for this county in the legislative assembly, I could n’t even state you or Jem non to make something once more. Scout, merely by the nature of the work, every attorney gets at least one instance in his life-time that affects him personally. This 1 ‘s mine, I guess. ” ( 9.16-21 ) For Atticus, being a attorney is non merely a occupation ; it ‘s a personal committedness to justness, and to work outing solve jobs through the jurisprudence instead than through force. . In his shutting comments at Tom ‘s test, Atticus argues for large rules like equality and responsibility, but he does n’t for a minute losenever loses sight of the fact that in the terminal it’sits human existences and their picks that make equality either base or fallfalter. He taught Scout to ever make the right thing and be brave: take a base and battle with your head non utilizing force. He tells her, “ You ne’er truly understand a individual until you consider things from his point of v-+iew until you climb into his tegument and walk about in it. ” ( Pg. 34 ) In order for Lookout to be civilized and humane, he ever shows that he cares and he ‘s willing to hear both sides of the narrative to be just. As Scout tells Uncle Jack, “ When Jem an ‘ I fuss Atticus does n’t of all time merely listen to Jem ‘s side of it, he hears mine excessively ” ( 9.46 ) . Scout besides tells Miss Maudie, “ Atticus do n’t of all time make anything to Jem and me in the house that he do n’t make in the pace ” ( 5.53 ) . Atticus runs his household like a justice: he ‘s the 1 in charge, and has a sound set of regulations that he expects his childs to follow. In that procedure, he besides makes certain that both sides have their say. Both Jem and Scout respect Atticus and appreciate the things he does for them. Atticus recognizes their jobs, gives them the advice they need, and lets his kids handle their jobs. When raising his kids, he tries to acquire them to understand non merely how they should act, but why they should act that wayin that mode. He treats them with extreme regard and self-respect so that they will make the same towards him and others. Atticus has a positive influence on Lookout and this helps her mature throughout the narrative.
Calpurnia influences Scout to be respectful and influences her as a motherly figure. She is a function theoretical account for Scout ; she sets an illustration for Scout ‘s behaviour and freely stairss in to rectify her behaviour when necessary. One such instance of this is when Jem invites Walter Cunningham over for dinner and Scout shrieks at Walters ‘s atrocious table manners and exclaims to see him utilizing all of their molasses. Calpurnia rapidly pulls Scout into the kitchen to complete her repast there and explains to her that her behaviour to their house guest was ill-mannered and inexcusable. She so goes on to explicate to Scout how to decently handle a invitee, explicating to her the significance of her actions. For illustration “ there ‘s some folks that do n’t eat like us but you ai n’t called on to belie ‘e at the tabular array when they do n’t. That male child ‘s yo comp’ny and if he wants to eat up the tabular array fabric you let him, you hear? Do n’t count who they are anybody sets foot in this house ‘s yo ‘ comp’ny, and do n’t you allow me catch you remarkin ‘ on their ways like you was so high and mighty! ” ( Pg. 33 ) This shows how Cal is at that place to learn her right from incorrect, particularly when covering with screening and gaining regard. “ It ‘s non necessary to state all you know. It ‘s non ladylike — in the 2nd topographic point, folks do n’t wish havin ‘ person around knowin ‘ more than they do. It aggravates ’em. ” ( Pg. 33 ) She wants Scout to understand humbleness that although cognition is a good thing, it ‘s non ever necessary to demo others how much you know. She is the closest thing to a female parent in Scouts life since her female parent passed off. She does the same actions that a female parent would make for Scout. She disciplines her, feeds her, and attentions for her. It was Cal who taught Scout to compose by holding her transcript chapters from the Bible and honoring her if Cal judged Scout ‘s calligraphy to be satisfactory, but Scout did n’t appreciate that and alternatively ended up hating Cal for it. Cal treated her with tenderness when Scout needed kindness. After Scout ‘s really unsmooth first twenty-four hours of school, Cal told her that she had been lonely without her and made a particular dainty for her “ cracklin ‘ staff of life ” . It surprised Scout that Calpurnia had kissed her. This shows Cal ‘s gentle and motherly side. Cal protected Jem and Scout when they went to the Nigger church. Lula impolitely says, “ You ai n’t got no concern conveying ‘ white chillun here – they got their church, we got our’n. Pg.158 ) Lula illustrates bias and discriminates against Jem and Scout ; she treats Jem and Scout unfairlybecause of their racial identity.Calpurnia stairss in and Tells Lula “ halt right at that place nigger, they ‘s my comp’ny. ” ( Pg. 158 ) As a motherly figure she does her best to support Jem and Scouts rights. Calpurnia opens up Scout ‘s eyes to a different universe. Lookout learns that Cal lives a “ modest dual life, ” that she is extremely educated and respected among her equals, and that she will support them against anyone if she needs to. She shows Scout the love and compassion as a female parent would but besides is rigorous and disciplines her so that Lookout can gain and demo regard.
Jem influences Scout to be more mature and brave. However by brave he means standing up for himself and making the right thing when you know that it is. After the Radley raid incident Jem starts to insulate himself. “ Jem stayed Moody and silent for a hebdomad. As Atticus had one time advised me to make, I tried to mount into Jem ‘s tegument and walk about in it: if I had gone entirely to the Radley Place at two in the forenoon, my funeral would hold been held the following afternoon. So I left Jem entirely and tried non to trouble oneself him. ” ( Pg.77 ) . During visits past Mrs. Dubose ‘s house she said that “ Atticus lawed for niggas and rubbish and that he was no better than the niggas and rubbish he worked for. “ ( Pg.135 ) Inevitably, this sets Jem on a destroying violent disorder. He destroys all of Mrs. Dubose white camelia and interruptions Scouts new wand. ( Pg.137 ) His penalty was that he had to read to Mrs. Dubose every twenty-four hours after school and Saturdays for a whole month. When Mrs. Dubose died Jem found out that she was a morphine nut and that ‘s what caused all her tantrums. Before she died she had Jessie repair up a confect box for Jem and inside it was a “ white, waxy, perfect camelia. “ ( Pg.148 ) Jem learns non to prejudice people. It is merely after Mrs. Dubose dies that Jem learns that she has bravely withdrawn herself from the pain-killing morphia to which she has become addicted. Jem learns to be patient and brave from Mrs. Dubose and influences it on Scout. For illustration, when Jem urged Scout non to “ antagonise ” Aunt Alexandria since Atticus “ has got a batch on his head now, without us worrying him. “ ( Pg.157 ) He wants Scout to larn to be respectful to Atticus and wants her to maturate up to do wise determinations. Another illustration was when the rabble threatened Atticus at the gaol, Jem refused to go forth when told to make so by his male parent ; he bravely insists upon remaining in order to seek to forestall the work forces from making anything to Atticus. Scout wanted to follow his brave act and she spoke to Mr. Cunningham to quiet the tenseness of the angry work forces. By singling him out, Scout made him uncomfortable and so the work forces left. ( Pg.205-206 ) He had taught her to stand up for what she believed in and to be really courageous and bold. Finally, at the terminal of Tom Robinson ‘s test, Tom was declared guilty when Jem and Scout are both present for the finding of fact. The kids know that an guiltless adult male has been found guilty, although Jem takes it really hard. He cries as they make their manner through the crowd of people. “ It ai n’t right, Atticus, ” said Jem. ” ( Pg. 212 ) Jemhas taught Scout that he believes in justness and what is right. Jem influences Scout by all his day-to-day actions. He wants her to appreciate life by believing and contending for justness, non merely by being brave but brave and mature.