In todays society, any things are inseparable from the corresponding direction. Management rules of people direction activities to accomplish organisational ends. In covering with forces, capital, stuffs, information, demand to follow the basic elements and their criterion of direction. Management is really of import in every portion. For illustration: If the endeavor has a good direction system, it will hold great aid to the endeavor. Enterprise direction can heighten the operational efficiency of the endeavor ; can do the endeavor have a clear development way ; can do every employee give full drama to their possible ; can break put up the endeavor image ; Final intent is to better the economic benefit of endeavor.
1.2 Material Management:
Material direction is the edifice stuffs planning, supply and usage of the floor board of direction work.Building stuffs constitute the edifice merchandise entity. Material costs typically account for 60 to 70 per centum of the cost of the building work. Reasonable organisation edifice stuffs planning, supply and usage, and guaranting the building stuffs from production endeavor harmonizing to the assortment, measure, quality, clip bound into the building site, cut down the circulation nexus, prevent the backlog of waste, to shorten the building clip bound for a undertaking and speed up the building velocity and cut downing undertaking cost has of import significance. Material direction, including the pick of material resources, the beginning of probe stuffs, the analysis of stuff flows, material demand prognosis, fix material program, look into the material execution of the program, to guarantee the supply of stuffs and preservation usage.
2.0 Literature reappraisal on stuff direction
Material direction centre undertaking is to look into and guarantee attack building quality of stuffs, safekeeping attack of the stuff, rigorous, sensible usage of all sorts of stuffs, cut down ingestion, to guarantee the realisation of the direction aims.
2.1 Pre-construction readying work
This is the beginning of the on-site stuffs direction, and to make a favourable environment and supply the necessary conditions for stuffs management.Its chief contents are as follows:
( 1 ) to understand the advancement of the undertaking demands, to get the hang the needed measure and quality demands of the assorted types of stuffs.
( 2 ) understand the stuff supply.
( 3 ) find the material direction ends, signed a supply contract with the supply section.
( 4 ) fix the site stuff layout planning.
( 5 ) Provide for a infinite, warehouses, roads and other installations, and related undertakings to fix.
2.2 The organisation and direction of the building
This is the execution stage of the on-site stuffs direction and direction aims, the following chief content:
( 1 ) sensible agreements for stuffs attack, good site material credence.
( 2 ) to carry through supply contracts to guarantee that the building needs.
( 3 ) to hold on the alterations in the building agenda, timely accommodation of the stuff back uping the supply program.
( 4 ) enhance on-site stuffs detention, cut down losingss and waste, to forestall the loss.
( 5 ) tissue stuff with sensible usage.
2.3 Construction closeout stage
Construction is about to stop, the chief content of the site direction work:
( 1 ) Harmonizing to the coating works, clean up the stuff with.
( 2 ) Organization of the extra stuff with refunding.
( 3 ) remotion of impermanent equipment in a timely mode.
( 4 ) good recovery and use of waste stuffs.
( 5 ) the material balance, and sum up the degree of stuff ingestion and effectual direction of the building undertaking.
Above portion is building site stuff direction system, if each undertaking harmonizing to such stairss to building, constructing technology will be more perfect.
2.4 Material usage and out of the warehouse system
The usage of any stuff must be carried out stuff requisitioned processs, stuff decision maker shall non without the stuff process instances publishing of stuffs
( 1 ) The release of the stuff shall follow the FIFO rule.
The corresponding technology stuffs required by the on-site building workers responsible for the aggregation. The stuff having perform quota picking system building workers do a good occupation with the stuff decision maker the advancement of the undertaking should be portion of the undertaking stuffs usage statistics. The sum of the budget more than the figure of existent usage of the sub-project should be quickly reported to the undertaking director and the caput office.
( 3 ) Receive the stuffs need to be handled with conservators picking processs: use to the conservators to roll up stuffs under day of the month of technology stuff picking conservators issued the corresponding stuff depot, the two sides in the depot signed.
( 4 ) Custodians need good stuff leger Nissin statement, do conforms to the history book, ever grasp the stock list ; carefully look into the sum of stuff in assorted undertakings, and the figure of assorted stuffs in a timely mode on the current stock list supply information, in order to rapidly buy the addendum does non impact the advancement of the undertaking.
2.5 Material return system
( 1 ) In the completion of the undertaking 70 % shall purely command stuff purchases and issue, and seasonably statistics a warehouse stock stuff position and must buy material list and figure, delivers the company concerned forces. In order to avoid excessively much excess stuff, and so salvage the company capital input and waste.
( 2 ) Respond to the stuff of the building site at the terminal of the company undertakings to stock list and oversee the the timely building squad go through the damages processs. Avoid single building workers at the terminal of the building muddy the Waterss, so as to forestall the loss of stuff at the terminal of the undertaking.
Material managing damages should make full material returns a individual, elaborate lists the name and figure of the staying stuff. After numbering the same stuff forces to manage the processs for the handover of the stuff stored in the company warehouse. Thus the company warehouse stuffs is done at a glimpse, in order to accomplish equal and sensible usage of the stock stuff in the building undertaking guarantee period and the following.
2.6 Aims of stuffs direction:
Construction site material direction intent is: material direction and agenda control, cost control and quality control restrict each other, complement each other. For better usage the resource, salvaging disbursals, cut down waste. In order to accomplish all these ends, it is necessary to set up an effectual direction system, at the same clip demand to set up good coordination of stuffs direction sections, the section should hold good coordination with each other and with other sections. Construction technology undertakings of edifice stuffs of the undertaking cost 60 ~ 70 % , moderately organisation edifice stuffs planning, supply and usage, and guaranting the building stuffs from production endeavor harmonizing to the assortment, measure, quality, clip bound into the building site, cut down the circulation nexus, prevent the backlog of waste, to shorten the building clip bound for a undertaking and speed up the building velocity and cut downing undertaking cost has of import significance. A good stuff direction system, can allow you reasonable control cost and better the undertaking net income.
2.7 Functions of material direction:
In the progressively ferocious market competition, as a independent economic entity of building technology building enterprises to last and development, they must seek to better the economic benefit of endeavor. Better the economic benefits of the endeavors is by many factors, its of import status is one of beef uping the direction of technology stuffs. Merely when we do good in the stuff direction, it will be possible to make technology of low cost, good quality and high efficiency. This is the technology building to beef up the direction of stuffs in importance. A period of clip since the chief jobs in stuffs direction, constructing building, the ground why some of the plants the high cost, hapless quality, low efficiency in add-on to the remotion of a figure of grounds, stuffs direction, lax, hapless is one of the of import grounds.
Material direction in building procedure is peculiarly of import, it straight related to building endeavor ‘s net income. Construction of the production procedure, and besides the procedure of stuff ingestion, material elements of the maximal magnitude of value of production factors. Therefore, strengthen the direction of the stuff is the nonsubjective demands of architectural production. As the production of proficient and economic features of the edifice, so that the stuff supply direction of building endeavors have a certain grade of specialness and complexness, chiefly: variegation of supply, variableness, and the ingestion of non-uniformity, conveying seasonal militias and supply jobs, and by the manner of conveyance and conveyance links and to incorporate. The reenforcing stuffs direction is an of import portion of bettering assorted proficient and economic indexs and to better economic efficiency. The stuffs direction degree, can straight impact the economic involvements of the endeavor. Therefore, the organisation and direction of stuffs straight affects the production, proficient, fiscal, labour, transit and other activities. Plays an of import function in the companies to finish production undertakings to run into the demands of the community and to increase corporate net incomes.
2.8 The jobs in material direction:
Material direction forces quality is non high, the direction degree is low, non in conformity with the regulations and ordinances to manage personal businesss, non even familiar with the operation procedure.
Material direction sections to supply information can non run into the new market environment direction on information demand, hard to accommodate to the market alterations in external environment. The first is due to the direction system and other grounds, the current stuff direction section in technology command activities can non supply effectual information undertaking unit monetary value analysis, ensuing in after winning the command in the procedure of technology building stuff monetary value and command study of material monetary value difference is bigger, give a technology undertaking direction convey inauspicious influence ; The 2nd is in the undertaking after winning the command, before building non ready to project material cost prognosis, there are no trade with edifice stuffs monetary values hazard steps ; The 3rd is the stuff cost accounting, analysis work is weak, do material direction work in the procedure of information slowdown, ensuing in the loss of current assets, to the hurt of direction decision-making, fiscal agreements.
Material procurance non material budget or there are budget but excessively headlong. Did non subscribe the purchase contract or contract is optional. Credence of stuffs control is no rigorous. To turnover stuffs and low-valued consumables will be the disposable and they are no longer direction. Material forces gets serious waste stuffs even sell in private.
Material storage in do non pay attending to the fire bar and guard against larceny, moistureproof security. Materials will be piled up messy, and there were no obvious designation card, grade, etc. No statistical stuffs.
To pretermit the technology subcontracting services team stuff usage direction, do the undertaking flow fund waste and project assets loss, even will better the technology cost. There is no vaccinum for subjects, subproject make material ingestion quota.
Strengthen the preparation, better stuff direction forces quality.
Strengthen the information direction of technology stuffs.
Control stuff buying cost.
Do stuff detention work.
Pay attending to material cost accounting analysis.
2.9 Material storage and care
1.According to the warehouse stuff features and belongingss of sensible storage and saving, achieves the quality and measure confidence, the safety.
2.Reasonable put. To different assortments, specifications, quality, class stuffs are separated, harmonizing to the order put, so that first in first out.
3.Material put demand to clean up, afraid of moist points to cover implicit in, pay attending to fire bar, moistureproof, prevent moisture, combustible stuff to hive away entirely, all stuff to clear designation, do good the environmental wellness, frequently unbroken clean.
4.For temperature and humidness demanding stuffs, good temperature, humidness adjusting and commanding work, high temperature season to chilling intents ; Plum rains season should be moistureproof, mouldproof, Cold season to stop dead insularity.
5.Often should look into, maintain path of and happen stuffs metamorphism, and actively take remedial steps.
6.For mechanical equipment, accoutrements regular oil or seal processing, avoid the lubricating oil dry off cause public presentation affected.
3.0 Remark and measure the bing site layout relation to
the placement of the stuff on the building site
Construction site stuffs non merely hold direction system and besides have material demands placed. Harmonizing to the building site stuffs demands are as follows:
1.Construction stuffs piled up shall, harmonizing to the dose size, usage clip length, supply and traffic status determined dosageA?A?aˆ?use for a long clip, supply convenient transit, it shall by episodes attack, in order to cut down pace and warehouse country ;
2.Construction site all sorts of tools, constituents, stuffs stacking must be placed in conformity with the overall program prescribed place ;
3.Position should choose appropriate, easy to transport and managing, minimise secondary transit ;
4. The high hypsography, solid, level, have drainage steps, in conformity to safety, fire demands ;
5. Should be stacked harmonizing to the assortments, specifications, and set up the obvious marks to bespeak the name, specification and beginning ;
6. Assorted material points must be stacked neatly.
7. Construction site smoke should be banned to forestall danger, fixed at a smoke room or smoke, smoking room should be kept off from the danger zone and put up the necessary fire-fighting equipment should be set harmonizing to the undertaking state of affairs.
Now, we have the bing site layout in the Almatab Sdn.Bhd. Harmonizing to the demand, the bing site layout is unreasonable. From the bing site layout, we can see building stuff put is really helter-skelter, no organized. I think this layout has 5 facets is unreasonable.
1. Construction stuffs placed unreasonable.
2. Construction tools and equipment placed unreasonable.
3. Construction site idle topographic point excessively much, should be sensible usage of it.
4. Lack of building site office, canteen, sofa.
5. Construction site demand to put up the fire protection equipment.
4.0 Identify possible jobs that may confront by site director associating to the stuffs direction on the site
From the bing site layout we can see, the stuffs direction is unreasonable. The being of these jobs has many grounds. If we are non in clip to work out these jobs, the building will look a muss. For illustration, stuffs piled up confusion, there will be have safety job, besides can impact peripheral environment. So the chief undertaking is to work out the stuff piled up job.
The stuffs direction have this jobs, the chief ground is the carelessness of directors, as a new directors need to larn how to cover with any jobs in the building site. So, as a director, should harmonizing to the following method to direction:
1, Familiar with the norms, fundamental law, Torahs and ordinances ;
2, Familiar with the plan, procedure, advancement of the undertaking ;
3, Master the undertaking each individual in charge of cardinal trades forces ;
4, For day-to-day reviews focused adhere to ;
5, There are a strong find of the ability to cover with the job of jobs with coordination ;
6, There is a certain authorization, able to independently cover with some common problemsaa‚¬aˆs
If directors in conformity with the above regulations to direction, building site wo n’t look the phenomenon of pandemonium, will be really orderly. If as a new director, all facets must to larn.
5.0 Proposed new site layout to better the bing site layout
The bing site layout is unreasonable. So, we will plan a new site layout. The new site layout will be better than the bing site layout. So I think that need to better the several facets:
First of wholly, the building site should be set fixed site entryway and site issue.
Construction site must set up a corresponding marks, such as site-oriented trade name, meeting suites, safety warning mark.
Construction site must hold canteen, in order to see safety and clean, the canteen is located in the entryway.
In order to all facets of security, building site demand to hold fire equipment, so the fire protection equipment in following to the canteen.
5. Construction site needs a sofa and meeting suites, it is located in the topographic point of site issue, like this is advantageous to the builder is convenient.
6. Waste stuffs ca n’t with other stuffs assorted together, so the waste material separate intervention.
7. Concrete batching works, Reinforcement and stuffs need to set together ; like this, can assist the building work.
Every building site demand to hold a room to hive away edifice stuffs, so it is set in another side, so it does non impede the work.
The building site is non often used machinery and equipment, besides need to be on the other side.
Every stuffs piled up topographic points need to hold impermanent route.
All in all, the stuff put is really of import, need to see all facets. For illustration, the wood stacked categorization by the usage of parts of each other, stacking height shall non transcend 2 metres. Steel piled in rigorous conformity with the types and specifications, the beginning categorization stacked, good rain, waterproof, moisture-proof work. So, stuffs piled up is besides a scientific discipline, stuffs piled up sensible will hold many benefits ; The of import thing is aid to rush up the edifice. As a new site directors, building site directors have the planetary consciousness, for each building procedure will cognize reasonably good, the undertaking of this agreement wo n’t experience pandemonium. In add-on to hold a complete comprehensive building program, and to transport out, this is the most of import, no program work can be said to be aimless. Finally, to modulate the relationship between the assorted building sectors, coordination of building direction.
5.1 New site layout:
Double Storey Terrace
Semi — – detached houses
Concrete Batching Plant
6.0 Suggestion that will give strong impact on the material direction procedure in the hereafter based on the instance survey
At present, there are many edifices, building site material direction is an of import portion of each undertaking. In order to beef up the direction of the building site stuffs, I put frontward the undermentioned suggestions:
1. With the interior decorator of the stuffs needed to find trade name, stuff, specifications, and carefully mensurate the figure of needed stuffs, form the material supply concern,
About the class of purchase order, must will quantity, trade name, specifications, beginning, etc are clearly marked, size, stuff, templets, etc must be one time in topographic point, in order to avoid material order disagreement, and so act upon the undertaking advancement ;
3. Harmonizing to the existent state of affairs and advancement state of affairs, sensible agreement of the stuff attack, on the stuff do attack credence, cheque sampling, and review to contractor, design units, categorization ;
4. Harmonizing to the building organisation layout designated place categorization piled up in different site,
5. For scene stuff, clear review and registering circulate their stuff depot, in rigorous conformity with the building agenda, and the demand to track the issue of stuffs, to avoid the stuff is lost or wasted ;
6. About the stuff stock list, warehouse keeper must be collated in stock list, and pay attending to the categorization of assorted stuffs stacked, flammable, moisture-proof stuff protection merchandises are required to take.
At the scene direction, building endeavors should continue from the existent work environment state of affairs and develop a series of practical regulations and ordinances to modulate behaviour. With the warrant the quality of the building system, and “ even more rigorous demands in order to accomplish, to make a good occupation civilized building environment clean, carrying orderly and clean sound equipment, security installations, smooth route formation, standard sound system, rigorous labour subject building orderly “ mark.
In others, demand to better building site safety direction. In the work earlier, safety should be put in the first topographic point. The chief job of the building site on fire safety, prohibit indiscriminate lap wire, wear a helmet, scaffold hard-on, place belt job, need to put up a particular security squad to command, and more preparation to larn and take preventative steps.
All in all, the direction of the building site is a complex undertaking, the good readiness at any clip, all facets should be prepared, on clip and in conformity with the standardised direction to finish the building undertaking. Material direction of the building site, every bit long as the points required for assorted types of stuffs, from come ining the building site to building the terminal of the whole procedure up to clean up the site stuffs direction are the range of the direction of the building site stuffs. Enhance the undertaking ‘s stuffs direction, to better the degree of undertaking direction, resource allotment optimisation undertaking, actively adopt new stuffs direction mechanism, and to obtain the lowest cost of ingestion through a little sum of capital investing, to organize the best stuffs direction doctrine to better undertaking direction effectivity and profitableness. Through the survey of building site stuff direction, we can larn the building site direction system and how to direction of the building site stuffs.