The Road Layout Design design has been prepared for the Iskandar Malaysia country that covers 221,634.10 hectares of land country within the southmost portion of Johor. It covers the full territory of Johor Bahru, Mukim Jeram Batu, Mukim Sungai Karang, Mukim Serkat and Pulau Kukup in Mukim Ayer Masin and all within the territory of Pontian.
Existing Land Use
The bing land usage within Iskandar Malaysia is clearly shown in the table 1.2-1 below: ( TABLE )
Iskandar Malaysia had a good handiness for connectivity to other territories or provinces such as Plus Highway, Second Link and others. Based on CDP 2006-2025, there are 25 undertakings were identify as route substructure that cover 423.96 km length of route. The entire cost was estimation around RM4,772.80 million and the undertakings execution will be divided into 2 stages by 2004-2010 and 2016-2020.
Existing population of Iskandar Malaysia is estimated at 1,624,453 people or about 49 % of the Johor province population which stood at 3,317,381 in 2008.
Overall manual ends are:
1. Land Use Context
The layout design procedure will react to the land usage context and suit the demands of single topographic points and vicinities, such as the manners of conveyance and different activities among the users.
Iskandar Malaysia roads will be safe for all users with a peculiar accent on kids, older grownups and handicapped people. Safety will be achieved by aiming velocity, web design and prioritization of users, advancing educational runs, supervising enforcement of bing Torahs and presenting the strengthened Torahs and ordinances.
Iskandar Malaysia roads will be designed for the efficient motion of all manners of transport.Efficiency can be achieved through investing in the capacity of conveyance webs and the connectivity between superblocks.
Iskandar Malaysia will be designed to accomplish booming natural/environmental, economic and societal system.
5. Public Health
Iskandar Malaysia will be designed to suit walking and bicycling for the occupants and to diminish fleshiness, bosom disease and diabetes.
6. Public Enjoyment
Iskandar Malaysia will be a pleasance for all users particularly walkers by supplying good route design for it will increase touristry and rates of non-utilitarian walking.
2. Issues of Road Layout Design
2.1 Road Issue
aˆ? Motorcyclist had to portion lane with other vehicle.
aˆ? Motorcycle land, bike lane and prosaic paseo were non provided
aˆ? Illegal parking
aˆ?Most of the industrial zone does non hold reverse, vehicle parking at route border.
aˆ? For commercial zone, prosaic walk merely provided along five-foot manner at the edifice frontage.
aˆ? Residential and commercial country portions the same entree route.
3. Design Approach
two. Arterial: It is a uninterrupted route with partial entree control for through traffic within urban countries. Smooth traffic flow is indispensable since it carries big traffic volume
three. Major Collector: It forms the basic web of the route transit system within a District or Regional Development Area. They serve intermediate trip lengths with partial entree control and associate up the arterial route to town
four. Minor Collector: It is a route with partial entree control designed to function on a aggregator or distributer or traffic between major aggregator and the local route system. It penetrates and serves identifiable vicinities, commercial countries and industrial countries,
v. Local Road: It is the basic route web within a vicinity and a local slow motion that provides frontages for higher denseness edifices. It has merely one lane in each way and could be the lone one lane shared route, e.g. : Jalan Dhoby, route within the residential country, service route at commercial country.
I. Enhance prosaic and cyclist infinites and develop comprehensive webs of installations by bettering bing infinites and presenting new one to link cardinal locations in the City.
two. Make a metropolis centre that safe for prosaic and bicycler and easy to voyage with co-ordinated signage.
4. Design Priorities and Parameters
4.1 Design Considerations
The constitution of standard design standards for all users is of import to bring forth a successful, attractive and safe route to all manners of conveyance. The undermentioned design dimensions and parametric quantities shall be considered and used where appropriate for route design.
4.2 Design Methods
4.2.1 Universal Design
Universal Design accommodates all possible users in the design procedure by advancing attacks and solutions that can profit everyone. Among illustrations from the cosmopolitan design are the proviso of urban Braille for impaired users and apprehensible signage for all users, local and international.
5. Maestro Planing Procedure
6. Master Design Elementss
Road Layout Design Blueprint Based On Adjacent Use
The typical subdivision of residential route can be divided into five types:
aˆ? Major aggregator route with BRT – 40 m ROW.
aˆ? Minor aggregator route – 30 m ROW.
aˆ? Minor aggregator route – 20 m ROW.
aˆ? Local route – 15 m ROW.
aˆ? Local route – 12 m ROW.
The typical subdivision of industrial route can be divided into four types:
aˆ? Major aggregator route with BRT – 40 m ROW.
aˆ? Major aggregator route without BRT – 40 m ROW.
aˆ? Minor aggregator route with BRT – 30 m ROW.
aˆ? Local route – 20 m ROW.
Due to safety affairs, location of street lighting and type of stuff has a great influence to avoid any accidents and all their stuffs shall be approved by SIRIM Malaysia. There are different ornaments of illuming as follow:
aˆ? Decorative dual arm street lighting: It shall be used at median of roads.
aˆ? Decorative individual arm street lighting: It shall be used at wayside of roads.
aˆ? Decorative pole lighting: It shall be provided at prosaic and rhythm lane.
Landscaping has important influence on the safety public presentation of roadway. It can be divided into two types:
aˆ? Soft landscape ( seting trees ) . The standard of good soft landscape are:
Not obstruct all sight lines in the wayside.
Landscape tree size of the bole shall non more than 100 millimeter.
Can be used as barrier to headlight blaze from opposing traffic.
Shall have minimum 1.0 m clear distance from border of route. Requirement for seting trees shall be referred harmonizing to “ Garis Panduan Landskap Negara ” published by Jabatan perancangan Bandar dan Desa Semenanjung Malaysia
aˆ? Hard landscape ( bitt ) .
Bollard shall be from concrete type and 1.0 m of tallness.
Bollard design for development within Iskandar Malaysia shall be as Figure 8.5-3.
Landscaping Tree Pattern at Roundabout
Landscaping Tree Pattern at Intersection
Drain is one of the most of import facets on planing route layout, which consisting several constituents based on ‘Manual Saliran Mesra Alam ‘ ( MaSMA ) . The constituents are:
aˆ? Roadside drain.
aˆ? Median drain.
aˆ? Water recess. Two types of H2O recess used in IM:
Type A: Precast concrete H2O recess.
Type Bacillus: Combination of curb gap and grate.
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WHO, WHEN, WHY, WHERE, HOW
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Ignorance of local authorization at northern portion of the Langkawi Island. The design focuses more on tourer zone of Pantai Cenang and Pantai Tengah.
Pekan Padang Lalang is located at a close propinquity to sole hotels such as Four Seasons Hotel ( 7 Star ) and the Tanjung Rhu Resort ( 5 Star )
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Sustainability in Housing
Based on Sustainable Housing Design Guide to Scotland ( Stevenson and Williams, 2000 ) , there are 8 footing of design for residential units. From holistic attack, disintegrated design is preferred as one is connected to everything, everything is connected to one. The bing site context must be considered in design attack. Additionally, it is more sustainable to cut down energy usage than generate energy for family users. However, for the building stuff, we are advised to take the stuffs which are high lastingness or re-use stuffs, since the care demand is low and the stuff ‘s lifetime will be longer. In this context, we prefer to hold re-use stuffs but non recycling merchandises and stuffs. Furthermore, a healthy environment is sustainable in the facet of social-cultural, socioeconomic and sense of the site colony. We should travel for simple solutions or design which are better than rely on proficient holes to work out complicated and over-designed edifices. The equality of efficiency and sustainability meant that from one characteristic, it produces diverse advantages or maps. Last but non least, if we could affect the user at all phases of development, so it can merely be called as sustainable design. Design as what the user wants.
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To be socially sustainable, we should provide the adjustment based on the societal demand on lodging now and in the hereafter. Plan a house that people want to purchase, to populate in it.
The first enterprise that we need to see is the satisfaction of people in their places. If local people no longer wanted to populate in, there is no usage to renew the bing house which is non satisfied by residents, it is better to provide them with new and better lodging strategy.
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Why assorted usage edifices?
Provide chance for people to work locally and easy entree to local comfortss
Reduce the demand for travel and travel distance
Promote the interaction of vicinity
Offer local societal and economic chances
Form assorted activities throughout the twenty-four hours
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What to better?
To better the route design, bike lane, prosaic and bicycler
To increase safety for full occupants of Pekan Kampung Lalang