The Role of Central Bank Sample Essay

The Role of Central Bank
Bank of Thailand ( Central Bank of Thailand )

The Bank of Thailand Act was promulgated on April 28. 1942 confabulating the position of a juridical individual on the Bank of Thailand and leting it to transport out all cardinal banking maps. The Bank of Thailand started operations on December 10. 1942. As per the Bank of Thailand Act. 1942. the Minister of Finance is charged with powers to look after the overall maps of the bank. The chief aim of the bank is to keep fiscal system stableness and the soundness of fiscal establishments. The aims of the bank can be categorized as follows: Conduct the pecuniary policy

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Ensure the stableness of the fiscal system in the state
Work towards developing a to the full efficient payment system mechanism To go an organisation that is committed to excellence
To better the image of the bank in the eyes of the common people The general control and disposal of the bank is in the custodies of a Court of Directors. which consists of the Governor and the Deputy Governors and at least five other members. His Majesty appoints the Governor and the Deputy Governors. The Cabinet appoints the remainder of the members of the board.

Functions and Duties of the Bank of Thailand

Harmonizing to the Bank of Thailand ( BOT ) Act B. E. 2485 as amended by B. E. 2551. 1. Print and issue bills and other security paperss
The BOT prints and issues bills and other security paperss under the enforcement of the Currency Act and has sole rights to publish and publish bills in the Kingdom. 2. Promote pecuniary stableness and formulate pecuniary policies. The BOT implements pecuniary policy as specified by the Monetary Policy Committee as follows: mobilising the sedimentations. finding the involvement rate for loans to fiscal establishments. merchandising foreign exchange and interchanging for the hereafter hard currency flow. borrowing foreign exchange in order to keep the pecuniary stableness. borrowing money in order to implement the pecuniary policy. merchandising securities as necessary and
interchanging for the hereafter hard currency flow in order to command the money supply in the country’s fiscal system. and borrowing or imparting the securities with or without returns. 3. Pull off the BOT’s assets

The BOT manages its assets ( excepting the assets within the currency modesty harmonizing to the Currency Act ) and invests such assets for returns by recognizing the security. liquidness. return on plus. and direction hazards. 4. Supply banking installations to the authorities and act as the registrar for the authorities bonds The BOT provides banking installations to the authorities in footings of depositary and loaning installations for the Ministry of Finance. Acts of the Apostless as the keeper for the authorities. Acts of the Apostless as the representative of the authorities for investing in assets and FX. trades and transportations the measure of exchange. securities. and portion certification. and controls and oversees FX. In add-ons. the BOT may supply banking installations to the province endeavor or other authorities bureaus.

Furthermore. the BOT acts as the registrar for the authorities bonds by moving as the authorities representative in buying and selling authorities bonds. paying chief and involvement. or acts as the registrar of province endeavors. specialized fiscal establishments. or other authorities bureaus. 5. Supply banking installations for the fiscal establishments. The BOT provide banking installations for the fiscal establishments by moving as loaner of the last resort for the fiscal establishments. moving as the keeper for the fiscal establishments. and telling the fiscal establishments to describe or explicate about the assets. liabilities or contingent liabilities. 6. Establish or Support the constitution of payment system The BOT establishes or supports the constitution of payment system. electronics uncluttering system. and administers such systems for safety and efficiency. 7. Supervise and analyze the fiscal establishments

The BOT supervises. examines. and analyzes the fiscal position and public presentation. and hazard direction system of the fiscal establishments in order to advance fiscal establishments stableness. 8. Pull off the country’s foreign exchange rate under the foreign exchange system and manage assets in the currency modesty harmonizing to the Currency Act. 9. Control the foreign exchange harmonizing to the exchange control act.


The rising prices rate in Thailand was recorded at 1. 59 per centum in August of 2013. Inflation Rate in Thailand is reported by the Ministry of Commerce. Thailand Inflation Rate averaged 4. 62 Percentage from 1977 until 2013. making an all clip high of 24. 56 Percentage in June of 1980 and a record depression of -4. 38 Percentage in July of 2009. In Thailand. the most of import classs in the consumer monetary value index are Food ( 33 per centum of entire weight ) . Transportation system and communicating ( 27 per centum of entire weight ) and Housing and trappings ( 23. 5 per centum of entire weight ) . Others include: Health attention ( 7 per centum ) ; Recreation and instruction ( 5 per centum ) . Electricity. fuel and H2O supply ( 5 per centum ) and Apparel and footwear ( 3 per centum ) . This page contains – Thailand Inflation Rate – existent values. historical information. prognosis. chart. statistics. economic calendar and intelligence.


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