British and Gallic route webs are among the largest and the densest webs in Europe. In order to keep these webs workable, roads need to be enhanced and in some instances widened to back up heavy traffic volumes. Several substructure undertakings have been released the last few old ages to better these roads. The MSc thesis undertaking presented through this paper aims to compare British and Gallic realization methods of these route undertakings. The probe will concentrate on three countries of survey: undertaking direction, safety direction and traffic direction. The survey will dwell of a instance surveies analysis of direction methods used on the roadwork sites, and the informations collected on each undertaking will allow me to compare the different ways of sweetening and broadening undertaking realization in the UK and France.
The United Kingdom and France ain two of the largest route webs in Europe. These substructure webs are used to travel cargo and people from metropolis to metropolis around both states. For the last two decennaries, roads in these states are acquiring old and traffic volumes increase twelvemonth after twelvemonth. Renewal and care operations are needed to maintain these webs functional and efficient so big undertakings of building and broadening have been released. In the 90 ‘s, these two states worked together on the largest additive undertaking in Europe: the Channel Tunnel. They managed to organize their work in order to construct the physical nexus between the UK and the continent despite of the differences in the ways and methods of building feature of each state.
As explained above, some undertakings are realised by joint ventures or pool from the private sector. Depending on the size of the undertaking, the construction of these entities is variable. Large undertakings are frequently run by large articulation ventures which are composed of several grant companies, contractors, and investors. Their construction is complicated and differs between France and the UK. Both states use these sorts of partnership but the manner they are organised is different.
Over the last two decades the building industry moved to the system of contractors which are in charge of the design and the building of the undertaking most of the clip. One company or pool is selected through a stamp competition and awarded the building contract ( Morton, 2002 ) .
These companies administration is really different between France and the UK. The hierarchy system for illustration is non the same. In both states, building work is split into & A ; acirc ; ˆ?packages & A ; acirc ; ˆ™ of earthworks, constructions, drainage, and paving, which require different degrees of supervising ( Robinson, 2004 ) . The British and Gallic systems use different ways to oversee these bundle works. One of the chief illustrations is the function of the measure surveyor in the UK, which is non used in France. Whereas one French bundle director manages both work and finance, these undertakings are split and managed by two different individuals in the United kingdom: the bundle applied scientist and the measure surveyor.
Most of the clip, the big expressway undertakings are realised by an association of national and international companies or joint ventures whereas double carriageways undertakings are more likely to be realised by a individual company or an association of companies owned by the same group. Small undertakings of care are frequently held by PPPs ( Public Private Partnerships ) contracts or PFIs ( Private Finance Initiatives ) . These three sorts of undertakings will let me to analyze the different attacks towards the operations by French and British companies.