Thinking Like a Scientist

Term Definition
Skepticism An attitude of doubt.
Ethics The rules that enable people to know right from wrong.
Personal bias An outlook influenced by a person’s likes and dislikes.
Cultural bias An outlook influenced by the beliefs, social forms, and traits of a group.
Experimental bias A mistake in the design of an experiment that makes a particular result more likely.
Objective Describes the act of decision-making or drawing conclusions based on available evidence.
Subjective Describes the influence of personal feelings on a decision or conclusion.
Deductive reasoning A way to explain things by starting with a general idea and then applying the idea to a specific observation.
Inductive reasoning Using specific observations to make generalizations.

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