This is the classification study guide

Term Definition
Taxonomy -is the branch of science that groups and names organisms
Aristotle -the first taxonomist
Linnaeus -was considered the father of taxonomy and created the binomial nomenclature
Binomial Nomenclature -a name that contains just a genus and species
7 groups in the classification system -kingdom, phylum, class, order, family, genus, and species
Scientific name of a human being -homo sapien
What is the modern classification system based on? -based on the 7 levels
What is a dichotomous key and why do scientists use them -a classification tool used to find the scientific name of certain species
What are the six kingdoms of living things? – archaebacteria, eubacteria, protists, fungi, plants, and animals
Prokaryote -organisms who lack a nucleus
Eukaryote -unicellular prokaryotes
Autotroph -organisms that preform their own photosynthesis
Heterotroph -organisms that ingest food
What kingdoms includes organisms that are autotrophs -eubacteria, protists, and archaebacteria
What kingdoms include organisms that are heterotrophs? -eubacteria, protista, fungi, and animal
Unicellular -one cell
Multicellular -many cells
Kingdoms that include unicellular -fungi (yeast) and protists
Kingdoms that include multicellular organisms -fungi/plant/animal
What kingdom include organisms that can move around? -animals, protists, archaebacteria,eubacteria
Why are bacterial organisms separated into two different kingdoms? – because there are two types of fungi, (chemical makeup and living enviornment
5 characteristics of all living organisms – movement
metabolism
growth
response
reproduction
Stimulus -any change in the enviornment that produces a resoponse
Response -some action or movement in the organism
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