Typical of british banks

& A ; lsquo ; This is perfectly typical of British Bankss. Equally shortly as you have any success they want to draw the stopper and halt you merchandising ‘ . Loretta Long was really angry. She is the pull offing manager of Park Leisurewear Ltd ( PL ) , and had merely received a missive from the concern ‘s bank necessitating a important decrease in the overdraft. & A ; lsquo ; This is pathetic ‘ agreed Jimbo Juggins, the production manager. & A ; lsquo ; Last twelvemonth we had an first-class twelvemonth and it looks set to go on. We had a large order in from Totspur Plc merely this forenoon. If we ca n’t maintain up the overdraft, we wo n’t be able to carry through that order. ‘ Totspur was one of several national ironss of insouciant and sportswear shops which was puting significant orders with PL, normally to be sold under the Park label, but in some instances under the shops & A ; lsquo ; ain trade name ‘ label.

PL had been started by Loretta and Jimbo five old ages ago. The concern is a interior decorator and maker of insouciant and leisure apparels aimed peculiarly at the younger, higher income market. Before get downing the concern both Loretta and Jimbo had been employed as senior directors with White Hart Plc, a big UK apparels maker. They decided to make PL after their thoughts for developing a new scope of apparels for younger people had been welcomed by White Hart Plc but investing capital had non been available.

From the really outset, Loretta and Jimbo decided that PL would be a design and selling led concern. Much of the forward planning was concerned with incorporating the merchandise design and development with the gross revenues and marketing operations of the concern. The new concern had taken a batch of problem and spent a batch of money on using a immature and gifted design squad, led by Heena Hussein who had been employed antecedently as a main interior decorator for a prima sportswear trade name. The scope of apparels designed by Heena and her squad was greeted with enthusiasm by the major purchasers and this was converted into steadfast orders by the selling squad led by Loretta.

PL grew easy at first. However, gross revenues started to increase significantly as the trade name gained acceptableness in the UK and as export markets in France and Switzerland were opened. Loretta and Jimbo were both surprised and delighted by the velocity with which the gross revenues of the concern had grown in recent old ages and by the turning base of regular clients. The order merely received from Totspur was seen as peculiarly of import. If Totspur became a regular client, the gross revenues of the concern were likely to increase quickly over the following few old ages and would set up PL as a major participant in the market. This, Loretta and Jimbo felt, would construct upon their success, success evidenced in the twelvemonth to 30 September 2007 by the Cash Generated from Operations ( as shown on their published Cash Flow Statement ) of & A ; lb ; 6,608,000.

Loretta and Jimbo had both invested their life nest eggs in the concern and had besides taken out big mortgages on their several houses to assist finance the new concern. However, this provided merely a comparatively little sum of the entire ordinary portion capital needed. In order to raise the staying portion capital, friends, household and concern contacts were approached. The largest stockholder of the concern was Crowley Estates Ltd owned by Alan and Tim Crowley. The two Crowley brothers had made big net incomes by land guess over the old ages but were acute to diversify into other countries as their concern had been peculiarly difficult hit by the recent recession. They had known Loretta for many old ages and were convinced she and Jimbo would do a success of the new concern.

PL ‘s managers and their shareholdings were as follows:

Loretta Long

Pull offing Director and Marketing Director ( 700,000 portions )

Jimbo Juggins

Production Director ( 700,000 portions )

Heena Hussein

Design Director ( 40,000 portions )

Alan Crowley

Chairman ( 2,000,000 portions owned jointly with brother Tim through Crowley Estates )

Tim Crowley

Non-executive manager

In add-on to his function as production manager, Jimbo tended to look after fiscal affairs. Though the concern had histories staff who dealt with the daily minutess, there was no 1 at PL who had any great fiscal expertness. When there was a job, the concern ‘s hearers were usually asked for advice. That said, Loretta and Jimbo had non consulted the hearers in October 2007 when they had purchased new equipment and edifices for & A ; lb ; 8,670,000, portion of which had been funded by an extra bank loan.

On the twenty-four hours the missive from the bank was received, a meeting of the board of managers was due to take topographic point to see the bill of exchange fiscal statements for the twelvemonth that had ended two months before. At this meeting, the missive from the bank was besides distributed to board members for treatment.

Jimbo Juggins began the treatment by stating:

& A ; lsquo ; We ‘ve merely received the bill of exchange histories from the hearers which seem to corroborate our success. Net income has more than doubled. I truly ca n’t see how the hard currency state of affairs is so hapless. I know that we spent a batch on that extra works and that we did n’t acquire anything from the old machines we got rid of, but most of that was covered by the bank loan. Truly, the hard currency state of affairs should be even better than the net income degree implies because the disbursals include about & A ; lb ; 2.8 million for depreciation and we do n’t hold to compose a check for that. ‘

Loretta Long, who was still angry at what she regarded as the cavalier attitude of the bank, pointed to the troubles that the bank ‘s demands would do: & A ; lsquo ; The bank wants us to cut down the overdraft by half over the following six months! This is brainsick – I tried to explicate that we have of import orders to carry through but the director was n’t interested. How on Earth can we happen this sort on money in the clip available? We are being asked to make the impossible. ‘

Both Jimbo and Loretta had, before the meeting, hoped that the Crowley brothers would be prepared to assist out by buying farther new portions in PL or by doing a loan. However, it was shortly made clear by Alan Crowley that farther investing was non a possible option. Crowley Estates had been sing considerable jobs over recent old ages, as a consequence of a twosome of unprofitable abroad undertakings, and merely did non hold the money to put farther in PL. Indeed, the Crowley brothers would be prepared to sell their portions in PL to bring forth much-needed hard currency for their ain ailing concern. Finding a prospective purchaser for the portions was non, nevertheless, a likely chance at this point. Both Alan and Tim Crowley had been to a great extent involved in recent old ages with the jobs of Crowley Estates and had taken small involvement in PL ‘s personal businesss. The board meeting made them gain that they should hold been much more attentive and now faced the chance of being major stockholders of two failed concerns unless things could be radically improved.

PL ‘s fiscal statements for the past two old ages are set out below on the following two pages:


Opening net book value of NCAs ( 8,600 )

Depreciation charge for the twelvemonth 2,800

Closing net book value of NCAs 14,470

NCA add-ons during the twelvemonth 8,670

The board of managers was non able to hold on a manner of covering with the fiscal job faced by PL. Loretta believed that their best hope was to go on to brawl with the bank over its demands. She felt that their was still a opportunity that the bank could be persuaded to alter its head once the bill of exchange fiscal statements for last twelvemonth were made available and the bank was informed of the deductions for PL of paying off such a big portion of the overdraft in such a short period of clip. Jimbo and Heena, on the other manus, were non optimistic about the chances of altering the bank ‘s place. PL had breached its overdraft bound on several occasions over the past few old ages and they knew that the forbearance of the bank was now have oning thin. They believed that the lone existent solution was for the board to look for person who was prepared to do a important investing in the concern. They felt that merely a big injection of new financess could maintain PL on path. Like Loretta, they believed that the fiscal statements demonstrated the success of PL over recent old ages and that this grounds would do the concern attractive to a possible investor. The Crowley brothers rejected both of these positions as being impractical. In add-on, they were against the thought of presenting another major stockholder as this was likely to thin their influence over the future way of the concern. The brothers believed that the board required drastic and immediate action, although they were non certain what signifier of action should be taken.

After several hours of treatment, it was clear that the fiscal issue was non traveling to be resolved at the meeting. Alternatively, it was agreed that expertness from outside PL should be sought to assist the concern happen a executable solution to the job. The board decided to near BUS021 Financial Consultants, a house which specialises in assisting concerns with fiscal jobs, and to inquire the house to analyze the fiscal public presentation and fiscal wellness of the company.


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