This paper outline an overview of how UK revenue enhancement system are being performed, which summaries the basic appraisal of how chief revenue enhancement work including revenue enhancements in the UK, gross and capital revenue enhancements, other direct and indirect revenue enhancements. Therefore the purpose of this study is to analyze and measure the revenue enhancement deduction and duty of how Mr. Tan Boon Seng ( an electronic applied scientist by profession ) will confront the effect in UK as being a occupant and intervention in relation to the calculation of nonexempt net income.
UK income revenue enhancement jurisprudence applies on a unvarying footing administered by HM Revenue and Customs, frequently known as the Inland Revenue, which the reception of income under UK revenue enhancement jurisprudence creates duties. A system of self appraisal is supervised and responsible by HMRC staff introduced in the UK whose revenue enhancement twelvemonth is charge on the 6th April following the twelvemonth 5th April and holding revenue enhancement liabilities.
The Revenue and Customs Prosecutions Office are considered in England and Wales which provides legal advice, institute and behavior of condemnable prosecutions investigated by HMRC. Most taxpayer provides self assessment revenue enhancement return prepared by their comptroller ( taxpayer ‘s agent ) , which the return must be submitted by the taxpayer in twelvemonth after or within 3 months notice of appraisal, otherwise gross will be grant an freedom from doing the returns. ( Lavelle Coleman, 2009 )
3.0 UK RESIDENT TAXATION TREATMENT
Mr. Tan ( Non-British ) , who has visited UK on an norm of 100 yearss each twelvemonth for five old ages on financial intent is deemed to be a UK occupant and apt for revenue enhancements intents excepting yearss of reaching, going and yearss spent in UK ( Trowers and Hamlins, 2007 )
3.2 Contract of service
In the instance of option 1 which is a contract of service that exists between an employee and employer ( taxpayer ) , Mr. Tan deem to be an employee under a contract of service whereas the work performed will be given to him by his employer. In the instance of option 2, Mr. Tan is said to be a freelance single under a contract for service signed by him with Sprague Ltd, which the service-work will be honoured by him utilizing his ain tools and equipment, and will be paid at an expected sum of ‘80,000 one-year net trading net income.
4.0 UK TAXATION SYSTEM
This system comprise figure of diverse revenue enhancements including capital addition revenue enhancement and income revenue enhancement which are classified as direct revenue enhancements, which are revenue enhancements charged on net income and other income deducted at beginning, paid straight to the revenue enhancement governments and some of which are indirect revenue enhancements including valued added revenue enhancement. ( Alan Melville, 2010 )
4.1 Income Tax
Income revenue enhancement are revenue enhancement chargeable on rental income at a basic rate of 20 % restricting ‘37,400 or higher rate of 40 % from ‘37,401 above for 2009/10 revenue enhancement twelvemonth, depending on the sum of nonexempt income received in the relevant revenue enhancement twelvemonth and tax write-off of one-year personal allowance of ‘6,475 for 2009/10 revenue enhancement twelvemonth ( Bart Peerless, 2009 ) .
In the visible radiation of badges of trade, trading was concluded based on its fortunes whereas Mr. Tan late purchase a house in Central London and selling off his belongings after three old ages doing a net income of ‘150,000 as a Non UK Residence and earned ‘80,000 from his employment income, which his purpose is to do a net income is hence clearly trading. Mr. Tan will hence be apt to pay a indictable revenue enhancement of ‘21,930 on employment gaining inclusive of personal allowance which is based on receipt footing in the twelvemonth of appraisal. ( Refers to appendix 1a )
4.2 Capital Additions Tax
This revenue enhancement charge applies to a net income addition on sale of an plus by a residential proprietor, which might hold to an income reception being portion of trade in purchasing and merchandising of belongings. In this instance, Mr. Tan will be apt to pay a capital addition revenue enhancement of ‘25,182 ( Refers to appendix 1c ) , which he purchased a house belongings in Central London upon his first visit to UK and selling off his belongings after three old ages doing a net income of ‘150,000, which he will be entitled to a capital addition at a level rate of 18 % and possibly able to countervail one-year freedom of ‘10,100 for 2009/10 revenue enhancement twelvemonth. Other revenue enhancement issues are relevant when purchasing and selling belongings with the aim of doing net income. ( Bart Peerless, 2009 )
4.3 Value added revenue enhancement ( VAT )
Tax charged on purchase of goods and services registered in United Kingdom and goods imported goods from outside the European Union. A new residential belongings in UK is taxed at zero rated which take the building and development cost of residential belongings. Therefore VAT rates of 17.5 % are subjected to new commercial and industrial belongings. ( Lavelle Coleman, 2009 )
5.0 NATIONAL INSURANCE CONTRIBUTION
A Scheme where workers make payment towards benefit administered by HMRC, such payment are national income part paid to do single privilege to convert province benefit and retirement pension. A freelance and employed person are apt to pay national insurance part depending on their personal conditions. ( Neil Harries, 2010 )
Mr. Tan will be apt to pay Class 1 NIC of ‘4,559 on employment net incomes if he is employed by Sprague Ltd, depending on sum earned ( ‘80,000 ) , which will be deducted from his income paid by his employer through P.A.Y.E ( Pay as you earn ) system. Suppose he gain from ‘5,715 to ‘43,875 a twelvemonth, 11 % of the sum earned will be collectible to Classify 1 NIC and if earn more than ‘43,875, extra supernumerary of 1 % collectible. ( Refers to appendix 1b )
6.0 SELF EMPLOYED
Bing an freelance person under the contract for service given by Sprague Ltd, revenue enhancement charges are applied based on the national income part paid to the authorities ( HMRC ) , which Mr. Tan will be apt to pay Class 2 NIC of ‘125 annually, i.e. level rate of ‘2.40 hebdomadal if earning is above ‘5,075 which is based on accounting net net income and Class 4 NIC of ‘3,414 based on adjusted trading net income paid together with income revenue enhancement benefits like province pension and pregnancy leave. ( As refer to appendix 2c )
6.0 RECOMMENDATION AND CONCLUSION
Based on the study analyzed in measuring and sum uping Mr. Tan ‘s revenue enhancement intervention within the UK ; On a annual footing, Mr. Tan will gain a entire income of ‘28,329 from employment as being an employee, excepting charges on revenue enhancements and national part paid to the authorities which is based on accounting net net income deducted by his employer through P.A.Y.E system ( as refers to appendix 1d ) and classified as a PIID Employee, compared with being a freelance earning income of ‘29,349 after tax write-off of revenue enhancements and Class 2 and 4 NIC, which is based on adjusted trading net income ( Refers to appendix 2d ) .