Unit 1 Medical Terminology

acrodermatitis
inflammation of the skin extremities
acromegaly
enlarged extremities
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adjective
descriptor, modifies nouns
lack of blood
anemia/anemic
appendix/appendices
glandular structure below the cecum (singular and plural)
bacillus/bacilli
rod-shaped bacteria (singular and plural)
bacterium/bacteria
microorganism group (singular and plural)
brainstem
brain structure that includes: midbrain, pons, medulla, oblongata
carcinoma/carcinomata
cancerous tumor (epithelial origin), singular/plural
carpus, carpal, carpi
wrist bone(s), (noun/adjective/plural)
chickenpox
viral infection with Varicella zoster
combining form
word root plus a vowel
compound word
word made of two or more word roots
condyle/condylar
rounded bony process (noun/adjective)
contraction
condition of shortening a body part, tension, muscle function
crisis/crises
acute (severe) situation (singular/plural)
cyanosis/cyanotic
condition of blueness (noun/adjective)
cytometer
instrument that measures (counts) cells
dermatitis
inflammation of the skin
dermatology
the study of the skin, medical specialty
disease
abnormal function or condition
extension
stretching or elongation
gastrectomy
excision of the stomach
gastric
stomach (adjective form)
gastritis
inflammation of the stomach
gastroduodenoscopy
examination by looking into the stomach and the duodenum with a scope
gastroduodenostomy
make a new surgical opening between the stomach and duodenum
hydrocele
herniation or sac containing water (fluid)
hydrophobia
abnormal fear of water
hydrotherapy
therapy using water
hyperthyroidism
overactive thyroid condition
ilium/iliac
upper pelvic bone, noun/adjective
inflammation
condition defined by redness, swelling, pain, and warmth
inject, injected, injecting
put in using a needle, verbs
injectable
able to be injected (adjective)
larynx/larynges
voice box (singluar/plural)
lymphadenopathy
disease of a lymph gland
microbe
very small organism
microfilm
image reduced to small size on film
micrometer
one millionth of a meter
microscope
instrument used to look at small structures
microsurgery
surgery using a microscope
mucus/mucous
watery substance produced by a membrane, (noun/adjective)
neurospasm
nerve spasm (twitching)
noun
name of a person, place, or thing
practitioner
one who practices
prefix
placed before a word root to change its meaning
psychiatrist
specialist in treating mental disorders
radiographer
one who makes x-ray images
sensitivity
quality of being sensitive
spermatozoon
sperm (pl. spermatozoa)
suffix
follows a word root to change its meaning or part of speech
thermometer
instrument that measures temperature
transport
carry across
verb
action or state of being word
vertebra/vertebrae
spinal bones (singular/plural)
vomit, vomited, vomiting
evacuate stomach contents (Verbs)
word root
base of a word
word root
The base of the word is the
prefix
A – comes in front of a word root to change its meaning.
part of speech, plural/singular form, meaning
A suffix may change the
compound
If two or more word roots are combined to build a word, this is a – word.
combining form
When joining two word roots together you may need to use a(n)
suffix
Which word part would indicate inflammation when building a word meaning inflammation of the stomach?
first
When building words about conditions of body parts, the word root for the body part usually comes
noun
-y is a suffix that usually makes a word a(n) -.
use a word root in front
When building words with a suffix that begins with a vowel, for example -itis, you would
thoraces
The correct plural form for the thorax is
verb
The part of speech that indicates action or state of being is a(n)
quality
-ity is a suffix that indicates
condition or theory
-ism is a suffix that indicates
verb
-ed and -ing are usually suffixes used to make a word a(n)
-tion
The suffix indicating a condition is
-ous
The suffix indicating being full (i.e., full of a substance) is
acromegaly
enlargement of the extremities
microscope
instrument used to look at small things
anemic
pertaining to lack of blood
radiographer
one who makes x-ray images
acrodermatitis
inflammation of the skin on the extremities
hydrophobia
fear of water
thermometer
instrument used to measure heat
microsurgery
surgery using a microscope
gastroduodenoscopy
looking into the stomach and duodenum with a scope
cytometer
instrument used to measure (count) cells
bursae
Form the plural: bursa
cocci
form the plural: coccus
carcinomata
form the plural: carcinoma
protozoa
form the plural: protozoan
crises
form the plural: crisis
appendices
form the plural: appendix
ova
form the plural: ovum
phalanges
form the plural: phalanx
gastr/itis
word parts: gastritis
pract/i/tion/er
word parts: practitioner
cyt/o/meter
word parts: cytometer
micr/o/meter
word parts: micrometer
gastr/0/duoden/o/scopy
word parts: gastroduodenoscopy
lymph/aden/o/pathy
word parts: lymphadenopathy
chicken/pox
word parts: chickenpox
hydr/o/cele
word parts: hydrocele
hyper/thyroid/ism
word parts: hyperthyroidism
psychiatr/ist
word parts: psychiatrist
acr/o/megaly
word parts: acromegaly
neur/o/spasm
word parts: neurospasm
radi/o/graph/er
word parts: radiographer
dermat/o/logist
word parts: dermatologist
micr/o/scope
word parts: microscope
therm/o/meter
word parts: thermometer
irritabil/ity
word parts: irritability
muc/ous
word parts: mucous
cyanotic
adjective for cyanosis
anemic
adjective for anemia
duodenal
adjective for duodenum
mucous
adjective for mucus
arthritic
adjective for arthritis
injectable
adjective for inject
emetic
adjective for emesis
condylar
adjective for condyle
adj
abbreviation for adjective
ccu
abbreviation for critical care unit
ER
abbreviation for emergency room
Gr
abbreviation for Greek
HSV-1, HSV-I
abbreviation for herpes simplex virus 1
HSV-2, HSV-II
abbreviation for herpes simplex virus 2
L
abbreviation for Latin
n
abbreviation for noun
PA
abbreviation for Physician Assistant
pl
abbreviation for plural
s
abbreviation for singular
v
abbreviation for verb
VAR
abbreviation for varicella zoster vaccine (chickenpox vaccine)
VZV
abbreviation for varicella zoster virus
thermometer
instrument: used to measure temperature
ity
suffix; quality
ic
adjective suffix: pertaining to
dermatitis
inflammation of the skin
o
combining vowel
gastrectomy
excision of the stomach
inflammation
redness, swelling, pain, warmth
ous
adjective suffix: full of, possessing
chickenpox
compound word for Varicella infection
root
the word – is the base of a word.
cyanosis
condition of blueness
acromegaly
enlarged extremities
gastr
word root for stomach
adjective
part of speech: describes a noun
osis
suffix; condition
radiographer
one who makes radiographic images
ity
suffix: specialist
carcinomata
plural of carcinoma
er
suffix: one who
duodeno
combining form for duodenum
microscope
instrument: looks at very small things
suffix
placed at the end of the word
larynges
plural of larynx
thorax
singular of thoraces
vomited
past tense verb: vomit
prefix
placed in front of the word root
verb
part of speech: shows action or a state of being
acrodermatitis
a person with red, inflamed skin on his or her feet has
exacerbated
make (a problem, situation) worse
erythema
reddening of the skin
fissures
a narrow opening produced by separation
hypopigmentation
loss of skin color (disease)
allergy
immune system reacts abnormally to a foreign substance
itis
the suffix that means inflammation
dermatitis
bacterial, fungal, or parasitic infections may cause red, inflamed skin called
skin
dermat means what
osis
the suffix that means condition, status, or process
acroparalysis
a compound word meaning paralysis of the extremities
-logos
suffix Greek for study
-logy
suffix that makes a word a noun, the study of
-logis
suffix that makes a word a noun, one who studies
acrodermatitis
a person with inflamed hands has
noun
acromegaly is a
-y
suffix meaning the process or condition that makes a word a noun
acr/o
word root that refers to extremities
-megaly
a suffix for enlarged
combining form
when a vowel is added to a word root, the word part that results is a
adjective, verb
a suffix may change a noun to an – or change the tense of a –
-ex
the prefix meaning from or out from
cocci
plural of coccus
calcanea
plural of calcaneum
vertices
plural of vertex
cervices
plural of cervix
thoraces
plural of thorax
-a
suffix of vertebra
-ae
suffix of vertebrae
-us
suffix of bacillus
-i
suffix of bacilli
-is
suffix of testis
-es
suffix of testes
-um
suffix of ilium
-a
suffix of ilia
-ex
suffix of cortex
-ices
suffix of cortices
-ix
suffix of appendix
-ices
suffix of appendices
-ax
suffix of thorax
-aces
suffix of thoraces
protozoa
plural of protozoan (protozoon)
sarcomata
plural of sarcoma
diagnoses
plural of diagnosis
phalanges
plural of phalanx
adjectives
words ending in -ible and -able are
-ism
suffix noun meaning condition, state, or theory
-tion
suffix noun meaning condition
-ist
suffix noun meaning specialist
-er
suffix noun meaning one who
-ity
suffix noun meaning quality
-ous
suffix adjective meaning possessing, having, full of
-able, -ible
suffix adjective meaning ability
cytometer
instrument that measures (counts) cells
condyle
rounded bony process (noun)
anemia
lack of blood (noun)
emetic
(of a substance) causing vomiting
hydrocele
water a saclike cavity
hydrotherapy
treatment using water
immunization
Zostervax is a type of – that may help prevent those with a history of childhood chickenpox from developing shingles after age 60.
neuralgia
condition of nerve pain
virus
the adjective viral means pertaining to a
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