NON – STRUCTURAL MATERIAL
( BRICKS )
- The General Concept of Green Material
The construct of sustainable edifice incorporates and integrates a assortment of schemes during the design, building and operation of edifice undertakings. The usage of green edifice stuffs and merchandises represents one of import scheme in the design of a edifice. There are many benefits of utilizing green stuff to the edifice proprietor and edifice residents which is, it can cut down care or replacing costs over the life of the edifice, it can provide energy preservation, it can improved occupant wellness and productiveness, it can take down costs associated with altering infinite constellations, and it has greater design flexibleness. Roodman and Lenssen ( 1995 ) said that the edifice and building activities worldwide consume 3 billion dozenss of natural stuffs each twelvemonth or 40 per centum of entire planetary usage. Using green edifice stuffs and merchandises promotes preservation of dwindling non-renewable resources internationally. In add-on, incorporating green edifice stuffs into edifice undertakings can assist cut down the environmental impacts associated with the extraction, conveyance, processing, fiction, installing, reuse, recycling, and disposal of these edifice industry beginning stuffs. Spiegel and Meadows ( 1999 ) said green edifice stuffs are composed of renewable, instead than non-renewable resources. Green stuffs are environmentally responsible because impacts are considered over the life of the merchandise. During building or at the terminal of utile constructing life, building stuffs and constituents are frequently discarded with building dust accounting for about 28 per centum of landfill waste. So, utilizing the green elements to the edifice can protects environment safely.
For bricks, Energy Bricks are made for committed to energy nest eggs. In add-on, utilizing the Energy Bricks, a wall can be constructed much faster than conventional brick puting. From the Journal Green Technology and Environmental Conservation ( GTEC2011 ) by Sandasamy D, Govindarajane S, Sundararajan T, sustainability agencies to minimise use of energy and resources, thereby cut downing waste coevals and pollution, as by-product of building. Therefore Engineers, Environmentalist, and Architects have been directing their attempts to happen ways for utilizing the by-products of any fabrication procedure, as input or beginning stuff for fabricating other points. Sustainable edifices maximize the energy efficiency by utilizing sustainable stuffs and building engineering, coevals of industrial waste by merchandises, through better planning, planing, building, operation, care and remotion, throughout the complete life rhythm. So, Energy Bricks are made for energy nest eggs and safe environment from pollutions. Besides that, the Energy Brick can salvage clip, cost and gives the maximal energy nest eggs when it comes to constructing a place.
- Eco Labeling
Eco-label is a method of environmental public presentation enfranchisement and labeling besides been practiced throughout universe. Eco-label is a label that identifies in overall environmental penchant of a merchandise or service proves the peculiar merchandise or service class. Labeling will be provided by a 3rd party who can be trusted based on consideration by the party that is non biased in relation to the merchandises or services specified independently for environmental leading standards.The intent of eco-label is to steer consumers to take merchandises and services deemed to be less harmful to the environment than other merchandises in the same class. Eco-label is designed to promote industry to bring forth more environmentally friendly merchandise for their consumer.
Bricks merchandise selected is Green Energy Brick. Green Energy Bricks introduce the latest invention, They have been designed with a monolithic R8+ insularity evaluation, they cut down on building clip, salvage on building costs, are load bearing, require no nucleus filling, are light weight, are easy to put in, are fire immune, can be used in all cyclonal zones. Furthermore, wall can be constructed much faster utilizing green energy brick compared to the conventional brick. The Energy Brick fulfills all the standards to salvage clip and cost yet gives the maximal energy nest eggs when it comes to constructing a place. Advantages of eco labels are as follows:
- Inform consumer pick eco-label is an effectual manner to inform clients about the environmental impact of selected merchandises.
- Promoting economic efficiency, eco labeling by and large cheaper than the controlled regulations merchandise.By authorising clients and makers to back up environmental determination devising.
- Stimulate market development, when clients are taking eco-labeled merchandises, they have a direct impact on the supply and demand in the market. This is a signal that the benchmark towards environmental consciousness.
- Encourage uninterrupted betterment, a dynamic market for eco-labeled merchandises advancing corporate committedness to uninterrupted environmental betterment.
- Encourage enfranchisement, environmental enfranchisement plan is the seal of blessing that indicates that the merchandise reaches a certain grade of eco-labels.
- Aid in monitoring, another benefit of the plan is the official eco labeling that environmental claims can be more easy monitored.
- Function of Green Energy Bricks
The Green Energy Brick was developed to avoid adding excess beds of stuffs and labour, which would add cost to conventional building. They have been designed with a monolithic R8+ insularity evaluation, they cut down on building clip, salvage on building costs, are load bearing, require no nucleus filling, are light weight, are easy to put in, are fire immune, can be used in all cyclonal zones and much, much more. Using the Green Energy Bricks, a wall can be constructed much faster than conventional brick laying. First map of Green Energy Brick is to go the external tegument and they replace all other signifiers of standard clay bricks, concrete blocks, conditions boards etc. This map were gain by the design standard of Green Energy Bricks that come with a 9 millimeter Magnesium Oxide internal and external tegument, already bonded ready for pigment or texture or other applied coatings. Second map of Green Energy Brick is to replace slab foundation that made of concrete. By utilizing Green Energy Brick, it will salvage the concrete from supplying a rebated base or foundation made of concrete in conventional edifice procedures. Third map of Green Energy Brick is to closed cell froth resists any vapour transfering.
By this forte of Green Energy Brick, there will no demand for constructing sislation or a foil vapour barrier for a edifice to be constructed. Fourth map of Green Energy Brick is to replace the demand for any separate structural frame, as the energy brick is load bearing. It means that there will be no demands for burden bearing support such as column construction made of strengthened concrete as the Green Energy Brick have the strength to back up burden. Last, the map of Green Energy Brick is to replace the wall with coatings. Using an interior coating like plaster is non required as it already comes with an interior tegument, but is optional and will further increase the walls R evaluation value of the edifice walls.
- Specifications on Functions of Green Energy Bricks
The design standards and aim in the development of the Energy Brick was to do a extremist cost effectual betterment in the thermic public presentation of edifices for both concrete slab and above land building. First, Green Energy Bricks come with a 9mm Magnesium Oxide internal and external tegument, already bonded. With this specification, Green Energy Brick go the external tegument and they replace all other signifiers of standard clay bricks, concrete blocks, conditions boards etc. The Energy Brick with its Magnesium Oxide board tegument allows for all types of applied coatings, render and painting.So, using an interior coating like plaster is non required as it already comes with an interior tegument, but is optional and will further increase the walls R evaluation value. Second, Green Energy Bricks brings you the ultimate in structural light weight bricks. Even though they are light weight, the bricks from Green Energy Bricks are structural or load bearing. Green Energy Brick alone preparation consists of a cardinal nucleus of stiff Polyisocyanurate Foam ( PIR ) with an external and internal tegument of 9mm Magnesium Oxide Board. This makes it both light weight, yet load bearing and with an attractive coating. Third, Green Energy Bricks is a Single wall system, but has superior belongingss and maps than a dual brick wall.
The design includes a 80mm diameter hole running vertically every 300mm to let for running of electrical cabling, telephone lines, Television or sound cabling after the wall has been constructed. This deletes the demand to run conduits or put in electrical metal boxes during the wall building procedure. This besides makes it easier to cognize where electrical cabling can be run if there is a demand to add any electrical points at a future clip. Fourthly, this Green Energy Bricks is fire-retardant brick merchandise compared to other brick that available presents. The Green Energy Brick Magnesium Oxide teguments are non-combustible and the froth core self-extinguishing from fire. This makes the Green Energy Brick one of the most fire resistant edifice stuffs available on the market. As a decision, Green Energy Bricks were made with better specification that brings them the better map compared to the conventional brick on market todays.
vitamin E )Development and Erection Process
The development of the Energy Brick was to do a extremist cost effectual betterment in the thermic public presentation of edifices for both concrete slab and above land building. The Energy Brick was developed to avoid adding excess beds of stuffs and labor, which would add cost to conventional building. The Energy Brick from Green Energy Bricks achieves four to five times the insularity evaluation of conventional lodging. It designed to cut down the labor content of wall building. Over five procedures, all with different stuffs and trades can be reduced to one or two procedures, with accomplishments that can be learned in a few hours. While the bricks are more expensive at present than the material constituents of conventional walls, the labor to piece is well reduced, it means Green Energy Bricks increase the insularity evaluation well, while at the same clip it can cut downing the labour complexness and costs. From the instance survey ( Fritz Moedinger ) , the environmental impact of the production procedure is largely due to the ingestion of energy for the fire of the bricks and quarrying of natural stuffs. The mean direct energy ingestion of the production procedure is to be found runing between 1.840 and 2.800 kJ/kg of discharged brick ( of which about 150 kJ/kg are electrical ) .
degree Fahrenheit )Comparison of Convention Material and Green Material in Term of Cost
From the instance survey ( Fritz Modinger ) , all of the energy used is traditionally generated with fossil fuels. At the Gasser brickfield dodo fuels have been substituted successfully with renewable fuels such as biogas and liquefied rendering fat. The biogas is generated in an ain works based upon a procedure patented internationally by the brickfield itself. Rendering fat is supplied from rendering workss. Renewable fuels have the chief advantage over fossil fuels that the ensuing flue gases feature a lower content of contaminations such leting to heat up the brick drier straight by recycling the flue gases alternatively of holding to hold a separate beginning of heat to run the drier. The achieved sum heat requirement decrease entirely by this step is approximately 30 % of the former sum heat demand.
So from this instance survey, cost can cut down because renewable energy are used during the development of Energy Bricks. We know that convention stuff normally has more cheaper than modern stuff, but the world is Energy Bricks besides has their ain benefits when we choose it. There can salvage cost which is no discount are required as portion of the concrete slab and merely an outer square border is required. Energy bricks besides is individual wall system which replaces the external tegument of brickwork or any other type of liner, replaces the demand for a structural he-man wall as the Energy Brick itself is load bearing, replaces any demand for insularity as it is already at a monolithic R8, replaces any demand for sislation, and replaces the demand to add other stuffs to the external wall. It can increase the wall’s energy evaluation. The Energy Bricks can be laid from inside where it is a level platform. This besides avoids the usage of expensive scaffolds to execute the work from the outside and lessens the possibilities of OSHA issues. It besides reduces on-going public-service corporation costs, which equates to go on nest eggs twelvemonth after twelvemonth.
g )Impact to utilize Green Energy Bricks
Green edifice is one of the most of import tendencies in the building industry today. When construct a house it can non avoid impacting the environment, but it can work towards cut downing that environmental impact. Impact to utilize Green Energy Bricks is to assist speed up the acceptance of edifice patterns that result in energy-efficient, healthier and environmentally sustainable edifices. Informed picks will assist cut down energy measures, while supplying a healthier life environment, it besides cut down the demand to fire fossil fuels and assist battle clime alteration. Besides that, the Green Energy Bricks has taken the enterprise through our ace energy efficient bricks to help builders and consumers with a alone environmentally friendly edifice technique and to decrease the impact on our environment. The froth can be sourced from crude oil oils, coal oils and a series of vegetable based oils like soy, maize, thenar oil etc. In all instances the C in the stuffs is sequestered in the bricks for at least the life of the edifice, as recycling is a realistic chance. Energy Bricks pass all the trials for superior energy efficiency with a monolithic R8+ energy evaluation. This makes a dramatic difference in helping to decrease the impact on the environment. This makes Green Buildings cost less to run because they will utilize less energy and H2O, and necessitate less care Green Building utilizing Green Energy Bricks for the edifice envelope is the lone pick for the hereafter.
Figure 1: Energy Bricks.
Figure 2: Clay Bricks.
Figure 3: Energy Brick Detail ( Side Elevation ) .
Figure 4: Energy Brick Detail ( Front Elevation ) .
Chan, C.-M. ( September 2010 ) . Journal of Sustainable Development.Development of a Strength Prediction Model for “Green” Compressed.
Garzoli, K. ( 2009, June 10 ) .Green Energy Bricks. Retrieved from hypertext transfer protocol: //www.greenenergybricks.com/ .
Moedinger, F. ( 2003 ) . CASE STUDY.SUSTAINABLE CLAY BRICK PRODUCTION.
Mohd Syahrul Hisyam Mohd Sani, F. M. ( 2012 ) . IEEE Symposium on Humanities, Science and Engineering Research.Comparison Study of Common Brick with.
Sandasamy D, G. S. ( 2011 ) .Green Technology and Environmental Conservation.