Vocabulary for Matter and Elements

Term Definition
Matter Anything that has mass and takes up space
Mass The material/stuff that matter is made up of -it can be measured
Space/Volume The specific area/place that matter takes up
Density D=m/v the amount of mass in a specific volume of space
Atom Smallest part of an element, the building blocks of all matter
Electron Particles of an atom with a negative charge, moves around the nucleus and has an attractive force that it allows it to bond with other atoms creating everything in the universe
Proton Particle of an atom with a positive charge located inside the nucleus
Neutron Particle of an atom with a neutral / no change located inside the nucleus along with the proton
Periodic Table Large grid that identifies and classifies all of the elements by their chemical and physical properties
Elements The simplest substance that cannot be broken down / they make up all matter in the universe
Periods/Rows Rows that tell how many energy levels each elements have for the electrons to move around
Groups Or Family / Columns Columns that tell how many

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