Vocabulary Study Cards

Term Definition
bacteria singled cell organisms
flagellum A long, whip-like structure that that helps a cell to move.
asexual reproduction A process that only involves one parent and produces offspring.
sexual reproduction Two parents combine their genetic material to produce a new organism.
conjugation conjugation One bacterium transfers some genetic material to another bacterium through a thread-like bridge.
endospore A small, rounded, thick-walled, resting cell that forms inside the bacterial cell.
pasteurization Food is heated to a temperature that is high enough to kill most harmful bacteria without changing the taste of the food.
decomposers organisms that break down large chemicals in dead organisms into small chemicals.

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