Water in Earth's Processes

Term Definition
Fresh water water that is not salty and has little or no taste, color, or smell
Salt water water that contains dissolved salts and other minerals
water cycle the continuous movement of water on Earth, through its atmosphere, and in the living things on Earth
evaporation the process by which water changes from liquid to vapor
condensation the process by which water vapor changes in to a liquid
precipitation any type of liquid or solid water that falls from the clouds to Earth's surface
divide a continuous high line of land from which water flows in different directions
drainage basin an area into which all the water on one side of a divide flows
turnover the yearly rising and sinking of cold and warm water layers in a lake
iceberg a mass of ice floating in the ocean
eutrophication an increase in nutrients in a lake or pond
groundwater water that collects and is stored underground
permeable allowing the passage of liquids
impermeable resistant to the passage of liquids
water table the highest part in the ground that is saturated, or completely filled with water
aquifer an underground layer of permeable rock or sediment that contains water
spring a flow of water from the ground
artesian well a well in which pressurized water flows upward to the surface

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