Waterfront Revitalization and Cities Essay

Waterfronts: being competitory by regenerating the cities… .

If merely it were that simple

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  • Introduction:

What is waterfront revival?

  • Body:
  1. Purpose of waterfront revival
  1. Advantages of waterfront fight
  2. Disadvantages of waterfront fight
  • Decision

Could Lebanese waterfronts come to a point to fall in the world-wide map of competitory waterfronts?

  • Introduction:

What is waterfront revival?

Water was an of import natural resource in the growing of early colonies. By holding assorted characteristics -a defence component, a beginning for agricultural production and trade, a agency for transit and industrial uses- H2O offered many advantages for metropoliss. Therefore, locations that existed on water’s borders, particularly natural and protective seaports, became favourable sites for the foundation of ancient metropoliss. So, contrary to modern-day status, throughout the history, there was a close and incorporate water-city relation.

The Waterfrontis the country of a town or a metropolis aboard a organic structure of H2O, normally waterfronts are meant to be the image of the city..

Waterfront revival has been the most singular urban development effort in the universe during the last two decennaries. Bruttomesso defines waterfront revival as a “genuine urban revolution” . ( Bruttomesso 1993, 10 ) Waterfronts had experienced the most extremist urban revival of twentieth century metropoliss by holding transmutation in their physical layout, map, usage and societal form. As most of the world’s large metropolis centres are located on water’s border, revival of waterfronts referred to downtown development.

Waterfront revival emerges by and large in port metropoliss sing station industrial or post war passages, where the disused industrial and commercial infinites and installations on the waterfront undergo renovation into new mixed-use office and residential composites, and attach toing upscale retail services, leisure countries, and public comfortss.

Sometimes the renovation involves gentrification and the transmutation of long standing blue-collar zones into in-between and upper income enclaves, occupied by a mix of occupant professionals and tourers.

  • Body:

As stated by Short, “What sells the metropolis is the image of the city.” ( Short 1996, 431 ) One of the grounds a metropolis should be revitalized is to heighten its image.

City publicity and metropolis stigmatization

About every metropolis now has a series of promotional booklets, postings and other cultural merchandises pass oning selective images of the metropolis as an attractive, hospitable and vivacious international metropolis in which to populate and work In fact, metropolis publicity has a long history as one of the basic tools to pull people and money, such as visitants, immigrants, houses and new investing, to metropoliss for economic development intents.

Physical redevelopment and flagship developmentsPhysical environment provides the touchable footing of metropolis attraction. It non merely provides the basic functionality of a metropolis but besides gives it character. Superb physical environment is in itself an of import component in attraction, while physical decay and derelict land have badly damaging effects on it. In add-on, physical environment is expected to play

an of import function in metropolis selling by supplying a material look to the metropolis images that metropolis stigmatization efforts to make. For illustration, the image of a metropolis as a “vibrant” and “cosmopolitan” topographic point that metropolis stigmatization is seeking to present can be realized in the physical signifier of the edifices and public topographic points that visitants encounter in the metropolis.

Culture-led and event-driven urban regeneration

Although cultural elements were sometimes included in public urban intercession, they have by and large been adopted basically as a public assistance service, in which the chief concern was to supply wider societal groups with entree to an artistic and cultural heritage, and chances to show themselves in the society, they are regarded as an effectual tool to hike urban touristry, which generates disbursement and creates occupations, in the hope that a significant figure of occupations would be created indirectly by cultural investing in the signifier of occupations that serve visitants and audiences in eating houses, stores and hotels.

Another ground is the widely-perceived potency of cultural elements in heightening metropolis image and attraction. In fact, in many successful instances where considerable sweetening and betterment of metropolis image were achieved, alleged “culture-led” policies were a cardinal characteristic in the schemes. Behind this was a widely-shared premise that civilization possesses a strong pulling power over highly-skilled and originative workers, and that efforts to carry these people to turn up in certain metropoliss will be aided if they are associated with humanistic disciplines, civilization and amusement. Cultural substructure, such as theaters, museums, and galleries, acts as a powerful magnet for originative people by offering attractive lifestyle chances.

In add-on to refashioning the urban image, revival of urban waterfronts is besides of import in the economic growing of metropoliss. This would set the metropolis on the world-wide competitory metropoliss map.

But this does non come free from disadvantages:

Though the cultural substructure is an indispensable key, some metropoliss end up by losing their historical individualities by over viing. Plus, an overly commercial-tourist maps could be besides an issue ; domination of these maps over residential and productive 1s are an of import hazard. Because, these countries are normally used a few hours a twenty-four hours and in the weekends. While about the undertaking country is done planning, in order to supply long term usage of this country should be besides added residential usage as an excess commercial-tourist. Plus the existent estate belongings value will increase dramatically which makes it impossible for low income individuals to take part in the metropolis and this would take to more societal class’s segregation.

  • Decision

Could Lebanese waterfronts come to a point to fall in the world-wide map of competitory waterfronts? And to what extensions?

The Lebanese waterfront has started to fall in the world-wide map of competitory metropoliss, particularly the metropolis of Beirut where the solidere planning of the metropolis, started to determine it with a new individuality and new ends: though the tests to restitute and to reconstruct parts of the architectural linguistic communication of the interior metropolis, the new waterfront aka the zaytoouna bay undertaking is presented as a new metropolis in Beirut, besides that a assorted sum of skyscrapers hitting the sky of Beirut which are someway different from its history, some of the old historical memorials are to be demolished and new edifice are to immerge.

In my sentiment, metropoliss have to take for world-wide fight but on the other side, a metropolis should besides keep its historical face which besides helps in advancing the image of the metropolis. To be world-wide competitory, a metropolis must non wipe out its yesteryear and merely program futuristic and technologically powerful metropoliss, the history of metropolis along with it being modern-day can besides hike its economic system and take it to the fight.


  • Dalla Longa, R. ( 2010 ) .Globalization and Urban Implosion Creating New Competitive Advantage. Springer Heidelberg Dordrecht London New York.
  • Krugman, P ( 1997 ) .Pop internationalism.The hand imperativeness, Cambridge, Massachusetts, London, England.
  • Sakr, E ( 2012 ) .Waterfront City undertaking promises to make more occupations. Daily star ( 2012 ) retrieved on 4/5/2014 from:

hypertext transfer protocol: //www.dailystar.com.lb/Business/Lebanon/2012/Feb-09/162704-waterfront-city-project-promises-to-create-more-jobs.ashx # ixzz2y0NW1lLP

  • Giovinazzi, O. & A ; Moretti, M. ( 2010) .Port Cities and Urban Waterfront: Transformations and Opportunities. TeMALab Journal,

Retrieved on: 05/05/2014 from:

www.tema.unina.it ISSN 1970-9870 Vol 3 – SP – March ( 57 – 64 )


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