Watson’s Theory of Human Caring Essay

Watson’s Theory of Human Caring
Background and major constructs of Watson’s Theory of Human Caring Dr. Jean Watson is considered a theoretician. a philosopher. and a therapist. She directed her life works to the scientific discipline of human lovingness and proposed a new and advanced attack to the nurse-patient interaction. Dr. Watson resumed her life calling as “devoted to the phenomena of human lovingness. and interior subjective feelings. emotions and experiences” ( “Dr. Jean Watson. ” n. d. ) . Her theory. introduced in 1970. was originally based on Nightingale’s constructs of nursing ( Fitzpatrick & A ; Whall. 2005 ) . However. her position of caring as a critical portion of nursing attention continues to be developed today. Watson’s theory focuses on the benefits of the caring relationship between the nurse and the patient.

Harmonizing to her position. the patient and nurse articulation in a religious and trans dimensional position in their interaction. ( Blais. 2011 ) . George ( 2011 ) . proposes a concrete description of Watson’s theory: “The kernel of Watson’s theory is caring for the intent of advancing mending. continuing self-respect. and esteeming the integrity and interconnection of humanity. ” ( p. 454 ) . Harmonizing to Blais ( 2011 ) . Watson’s theory of caring includes three major constructs: the nurse-patient transpersonal lovingness relationship. the carative factors and the lovingness minute. In a transpersonal lovingness relationship. both the spirit of the individual and the nurse interact in a caring minute following the carative factors ( Fitzpatrick & A ; Whall. 2005 ) . During this procedure. a “human-to-human connectedness” occurs ( George. 2011 ) .

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On the other manus. the carative factors are based on human values that promote a successful nurse-client interaction. Harmonizing to George ( 2011 ) . Watson proposed these factors as a “philosophical and conceptual usher to nursing” ( p. 458 ) . Although these factors originated in 1979. they were farther expanded and redefined in 2008 ( Watson. 2012 ) . A caring minute occurs when nurse and patient “come together with their alone life histories and phenomenal field in a human-to-human transaction” ( George. 2011. p. 459 ) . Put otherwise. a caring minute defines the alone interaction between patient and nurse from a humanistic position.

To set it on Watson’s words: “An accent is placed in assisting a individual addition more self-knowledge. self-denial. self-caring. and interior healing of ego. regardless of the external wellness status. The nurse is viewed as a coparticipant in the human caring-healing procedure. Therefore. a high value is placed on the relationship between nurse and other” ( Watson. 2012. p. 46 ) .

Personal experience
As nurses. we use Watson’s theory on a day-to-day footing without recognizing the influence of our actions in our patients’ recovery and wellbeing. Since I had the chance to analyze Watson’s theory of caring in this category. I can associate to her position of nursing with a philosophical attack. If I had to choose a lovingness minute in my nursing calling. I would believe instantly about my experiences as a hospice nurse. Although it was an emotional occupation place. I enjoyed my function because I provided attention with compassion and regard. Every twenty-four hours I learned something interesting about human relationships and emotions. and most of the yearss I helped my patients die in peace. However. one peculiar instance comes to my head as a perfect illustration of a lovingness minute and transpersonal relationship: the instance of Mr. A. Mr. A. was a Latino aged male late diagnosed with a terminal disease.

He was really weak and needed moderate aid to finish his Activities of Daily Living. Mr. A had intermittent hurting that was relieved merely by morphia. but his household had conflicting positions sing the disposal of this medicine. I came to cognize Mr. A and his household really good because we spent four darks in a row together. In the forenoons. I left their place to rest and so came back in the eventide ready to remain until the following forenoon. Mr. A’s household opened their doors and their Black Marias to me during those yearss. and at the same clip I offered my complete being to them. I was non merely there physically present as a nurse. but besides spiritually present as a human being. I witnessed their agony and frights and provided emotional support when they needed the most. We discussed the benefits versus the side effects of morphia. their wants for the attention of Mr. A and their single concerns and feelings sing the deceasing procedure.

However. the extremum of those minutes was the dark that Mr. A past off. Mr A. became weaker every twenty-four hours and. on the 4th dark. he began to demo marks of impending decease. Although he knew he was approximately to decease. Mr. A ever remained unagitated and relaxed. It looked like he did non desire his household to endure. or he was ready to travel. I remained following to him and his household until his last breath supplying my most sincere attention. My interaction with Mr. A and his household constitutes an illustration of a lovingness minute because we shared an interconnectedness that transcended a usual nurse-patient relationship. In add-on. I applied specific carative factors such as the presence of a humanistic-altruistic system of values. the fosterage of religion and hope. the publicity of a helping-trusting relationship and the facilitation for the look of feelings. By placing and admiting their ain cultural positions. I was able to obtain a clear position of the constructs of individual. nurse. wellness and environment for Mr. A’s household. Since we shared the same cultural background. I was able to understand their peculiar points of position. For them. wellness was non merely the absence of disease. but it has a specific spiritual and religious significance.

On the other manus. nurse and patient interact in an environment that is controlled by forces outside of human apprehension. If I can populate that same experience once more. I think I would supply more information to the household before decease is nearing. Unfortunately. wellness attention professionals do non supply plenty instruction and counsel to patients and households about what to anticipate during this hard clip. go forthing hospice nurses with a immense sum of information to learn at the terminal of life. This creates an excess load for the household and nurse at a clip when a vulnerable interaction is taking topographic point. I will ever retrieve Mr. A and his household because I could link with them in a particular manner.

I learned that decease is non a failure and should non be treated as one. Mr. A’s relaxed demeanour and courage when he was nearing decease allowed me to see life with a different significance. In add-on. I am satisfied with my function as a nurse because of the response of Mr. A’s household. At the same clip. they were highly thankful with my aid and the attention that I provided.

Blais. K. . & A ; Hayes. J. S. ( 2011 ) . Professional nursing pattern: Concepts and positions. Upper Saddle River: Pearson Education. Inc.
This text edition summarizes the chief constructs of multiple theories including Watson’s theory of caring. It explains the major elements in Watson’s theory and provides an account on what is a caring minute. Chitty. K. K. . & A ; Black. B. P. ( 2010 ) . Professional nursing: Concepts and challenges. Maryland Highs: Elsevier. Inc.

This text edition provides an overview of Watson’s theory and discusses the importance of the construct of caring to nursing attention. In add-on. this text edition discusses why Watson considers Caring as the footing for nursing pattern and how she formalized and developed her theory. Dr. Jean Watson | Watson Caring Science Institute & A ; International Caritas Consortium. ( n. d. ) . Retrieved from

hypertext transfer protocol: //watsoncaringscience. org/about-us/jean-bio/ This web page provides a elaborate life of Dr. Jean Watson. It is the official page for Watson Caring Science Institute. which was originated by Dr. Jean Watson. It includes Watson’s Curriculum Vitae and updated information on her latest activities. This is a trusty beginning because it provides dependable scientific information. Fitzpatrick. J. J. . & A ; Whall. A. L. ( 2005 ) . Conceptual theoretical accounts of nursing: Analysis and application. Upper Saddle River. N. J: Pearson Prentice Hall.

This book provides a elaborate background on Watson’s theory of caring. It compares the similarities between Nightingale and Watson’s positions. Besides. it defines the metaparadigm of nursing from Watson’s position. In add-on. this book explains how Watson’s theory can be applied to nursing pattern. research and instruction. Foster. R. L. ( 2007 ) . Tribute to the theoreticians: Jean Watson over the old ages. Nursing Science Quarterly. Vol. 20 No. 1.

This article is a testimonial to Watson. It discusses the influence of her theory non merely in the development of a new vision for nursing. but besides in society in general. It besides discussed how caring relates to basic human values such as regard. self-respect and compassion.

George. J. B. ( 2011 ) . Nursing theories: The base for professional nursing pattern. Upper Saddle River: Pearson Education. Inc.
This book dedicates a complete chapter to the theory of transpersonal lovingness
( Chapter 18 ) . It provides a elaborate philosophical background of the theory and provides a thorough account of the carative factors and caritas. It besides provides a concrete definition of what constitutes a caring minute. Watson. J. ( 2012 ) . Human caring scientific discipline ( 2nd ed. ) . Sudbury. Ma: Jones & A ; Bartlett Learning.

This book constitutes a primary beginning because it was written by the original writer. In it. Watson provides a elaborate account of her theory of caring. In add-on. she discusses the hereafter of nursing from her position and provides an account of her ain value system as it relates to nursing and lovingness.


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