What are mixtures?

Question Answer
evaporation is… the change from liquid water to water vapor
filtration is… the process of separating substances with a filter
a mixture is… a combination of two or more substances
condensation is… the process of a gas changing into a liquid
Substances in a mixture can be ___________________. separated
Mixtures are not __________________ combined. chemically
Each substance in a mixture keeps its own _______________ properties
Properties of the substances in a mixture can be used to … separate them from each other.
Four properties to separate a mixture include … magnetism, filtration, evaporation, and condensation.
a magnet can be used to separate substances that are … attracted to magnets
filtration can be used to separate… some solids from liquids and big objects from small objects

lowering the temperature of the gas causes…

raising the temperature of liquid causes… evaporation

In a solution, one or more substances are…

dissolved in another substance.
The most common kind of solution is a solid dissolved in a … liquid, such as salt in water.

In a solution, the substance that is dissolved is called the…

A solvent is the substance that takes in, or ___________, the other substance. dissolves
Usually, there is more ____________ than solute. solvent

A solution does not have to be a _____________

The air you breathe is a solution made up of _____________ (oxygen, nitrogen, argon, water vapor). gases
The steel used for buildings and cars is a solution of two _________ (carbon and iron). solids
Solubility is the ability of one substance to… dissolve in another substance.
Solubility is a measure of the amount of a substance that will… dissolve in another substance.
The solubility of materials can be _______solubility or ____solubility. high / low
Heating the solvent or crushing the solute can ___________ ____ the process of dissolving a substance. speed up

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