For quite a long time, women have wanted to receive the same treatment as men. When African American men were able to vote, women wanted to be able to vote as well. When World War II was in progress, women would work in the factories while their husbands, brothers and fathers were fighting in the war. Women were tired of being treated differently and not having the same rights as men, so they wanted to conceive an amendment that would force people to treat them as equally as men and anyone else. This amendment was called the Equal Rights Amendment.
On March 22, 1972, the equal rights amendment, E. R. A. , was passed by the United States Senate and was sent to the states for ratification. Thirty states ratified the amendment but then a revolutionary turn took place and states were backing out of their ratification left and right. The Equal Rights Amendment was defeated for several reasons. Women’s rights for divorce and alimony and such things would be taken away, as well as co-ed activities and schools. One of the largest reasons that the E. R. A. as defeated was because of its benevolent mindset to allow a significant amount of power to the Federal Courts upon the decision of what is considered an equal right. The Federal Court would have to handle gentle cases in which they can decide upon the definition of “equality of rights” and “sex”. This could make cases of certain principles unfair and altered depending on the way the Federal Court foresees these terms. It isn’t just for the Court to decide on cases like abortion and homosexuality with their own opinions, everything should be stated in the Constitution and laws free of judgment.
People opposed the E. R. A. because of the force to have tax funding on abortion in addition to gay marriage licenses, which we all know are two of the most controversial things that people today chit chat about. Were you aware that there are rights for unwed mothers? Well if the Equal Rights Amendment was passed, none of those would exist. There would be no such thing as alimony and mothers wouldn’t be favored in cases of custody for divorce, it’s a fair trial.
Things that attended to specifically women like labor laws in heavy industries and not having to be drafted in cases of war would be something of mere memory. Women also get lower rates for both life and automobile insurance because of the fact that they live longer and are involved in fewer accidents, to be fair, and equal right for women will take away the right to for lower rates. All of the legal rights that women had attempted to establish and were granted to them would be taken away if this amendment came to order.
I can count at least six Catholic all girls and all boy schools in my state. People pay big bucks to get their children into those schools. The E. R. A. would take away the tax exemption from these schools as well as take them away for good, there would be no single-sex schools or colleges, and everything would be integrated. There would be no mother-daughter or father-son events as well as an extinction to the things everyone enjoys like Boy Scouts, Girl Scouts, and even the Boys State and Girls State that is carried out by the American Legion.
There’s a clause called the Hayden Clause that was added to the Equal Rights Amendment in hopes that it would ease the process of becoming accepted. The clause stated that: “Nothing in this Amendment will be construed to deprive persons of the female sex of any of the rights, benefits, and exemptions now conferred by law on persons of the female sex. ” Since people wanted full equality this clause was thrown away but the amendment was never passed. I believe that women have many rights and there is no need for this amendment to ensure their equality.
The E. R. A. seems to have more cons than it does pros in my opinion. All of the things that society has had for a while and gotten used to will change if this one amendment becomes passed. After all where would we be if there was no yin and yang, just yang twice? No where good. Work Cited http://wiki. answers. com/Q/Why_did_the_equal_rights_amendment_fail_to_pass http://www. eagleforum. org/psr/1986/sept86/psrsep86. html http://www. history. com/this-day-in-history/equal-rights-amendment-passed-by-congress