Women's Suffrage

The women, Susan B. Anthony, Elizabeth Cady Stanton, Carrie Catt and Bella Abzug all played a ritual role in the Women Rights-Suffrage Movement. All the women had something to do with the getting the Suffrage Movement started. They all had some contribution to getting the Nineteenth Amendment, giving women the right to vote. All of the women except Bella Abzug died before the Nineteenth Amendment was put into place. Susan B. Anthony was born on February 5 1820, in Adams, Massachusetts. She was born to Daniel and Lucy Read Anthony. Susan was raised as a Quaker.

A Quaker was a religious group that was started during the seventeenth century. Quakers did not believe priests and churches were necessary for religion. They believed that everyone had an inner light to guide them. () As Susan grew older, she started to teach in the New York Country Side. Before the Women Rights-Suffrage Movement, women were not anywhere equal to men, therefore being a female teacher, she only made one-fifth of the salary as a male teacher. Since Susan believed that women were equal to men and she strongly believed in hard work she decided to protest against this unfairness.

The protest resulted in her losing her job. Susan soon became friends with Elizabeth Cady Stanton. They both agreed that there needed to be some social improvements and started working on the Women Rights-Suffrage Movement. Anthony and Stanton talked to women and collected signatures for a petition allowing women the right to vote and own property. Anthony and Stanton formed their own organization called the National Women Suffrage Association. () Susan B. Anthony never got the full affect of the Women Rights-Suffrage Movement, because not many states had passed the Nineteenth Amendment.

She died in 1906 and only four states had passed the Nineteenth Amendment. Wyoming, Colorado, Idaho and Utah. Elizabeth Cady Stanton was born in 1815 to her father Judge Cady. She was raised in a community and environment where womens abilities did not get any attention what so ever. As she was a child her father made it very clear that she was not as nearly as important as her brother. Her brother had received an excellent education and went on to the Union College. Unfortunately he had died shortly after he graduated from the Union College. Though her father did not notice, Elizabeth wanted to be as successful as her brother.

She studied hard hoping to get into Union College. She did very well in the studies of Greek, Latin and Mathematics. She was not accepted to Union College because she was a female. Even though she did not get into Union College, she did not give up. She went on and ended up going to the Troy Female Seminary. As the years went on Elizabeth met Henry Stanton. They ended up marrying each other. While they were on their wedding tour, they went to a Worlds Anti-Slavery Convention and Elizabeth noticed that the women were not allowed to vote or be seated.

She decided that women should have their own Women Rights Convention. All though she was becoming extremely exhausted with her fast growing family, she still worked on the convention. In 1848 she met Lucreitta Mott along with three other women and they set up the first Women Rights Convention. ( essortment. com/statonwomenss_rzzt. htm) Elizabeth Cady Stanton went through a lot and took a lot, but worked hard for womens rights. Unfortunately she did not get to see the Nineteenth Amendment take affect, she died before the Nineteenth Amendment was passed.

Carrie Clinton lane Chapman Catt was born on January 9, 1859. She was raised in Ripon, Wisconsin until she moved to Charles City, Iowa. She got a job and paid her way through school at Iowa State College. She was the first woman to get position as a high School principal and High School Superintendent. Catt became president of the National American Woman suffrage Association, until 1904 when she decided to take time off to take care of her sick husband. She later had time to reorganize the National American Woman Suffrage Association.

Finally after all that hard work, the Nineteenth Amendment was ratified in August 1920. Bella Abzug was born on July 24, 1920. She was born in New York City, where she lived with her Russian-Jewish emigrant parents. Bella went to Hunter College (B. A 1942) and the Columbia University Law School. While she was attending college she mainly studied labor law. Bella Abzug was founder of many of the political organizations for women. She helped with Equal Rights, Womens Credit-Rights bill, Abortion Rights, and Child-Care Legislation.

Bella was very determined and serious about her work, which earned her such nicknames as: Battling Bella, Hurricane Bella, and Mother Courage Bella Abzug tried to get more women involved in government. She was later named Co-Chairman of the National Advisory Committee on women. She shortly got the title Co-Chairman taken away from her when she critized the Carter Administration. After that she turned back to the private law practice. She was inducted into the National Womens Hall of Fame in 1994. She later had trouble after heart surgery and dies March 31, 1998 in New York City. ()


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